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Aliases for MTDH Gene

Aliases for MTDH Gene

  • Metadherin 2 3 4 5
  • Lysine-Rich CEACAM1 Co-Isolated Protein 3 4
  • Astrocyte Elevated Gene-1 Protein 3 4
  • Metastasis Adhesion Protein 3 4
  • Astrocyte Elevated Gene 1 2 3
  • 3D3/LYRIC 3 4
  • AEG-1 3 4
  • LYRIC 3 4
  • AEG1 3 4
  • LYRIC/3D3 3
  • 3D3 3

External Ids for MTDH Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MTDH Gene

  • GC08P098726
  • GC08P093862
  • GC08P098658

Summaries for MTDH Gene

GeneCards Summary for MTDH Gene

MTDH (Metadherin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MTDH include central nervous system disease and nervous system disease. Among its related pathways are Validated targets of C-MYC transcriptional activation and Cytoskeleton remodeling Regulation of actin cytoskeleton by Rho GTPases. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding and double-stranded RNA binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MTDH Gene

  • Downregulates SLC1A2/EAAT2 promoter activity when expressed ectopically. Activates the nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-kappa-B) transcription factor. Promotes anchorage-independent growth of immortalized melanocytes and astrocytes which is a key component in tumor cell expansion. Promotes lung metastasis and also has an effect on bone and brain metastasis, possibly by enhancing the seeding of tumor cells to the target organ endothelium. Induces chemoresistance.

Gene Wiki entry for MTDH Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MTDH Gene

Genomics for MTDH Gene

Regulatory Elements for MTDH Gene

Promoters for MTDH Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around MTDH on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for MTDH Gene

Chromosome:
8
Start:
97,644,147 bp from pter
End:
97,730,260 bp from pter
Size:
86,114 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for MTDH Gene

Genes around MTDH on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MTDH Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MTDH Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MTDH Gene

Proteins for MTDH Gene

  • Protein details for MTDH Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q86UE4-LYRIC_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Protein LYRIC
    Protein Accession:
    Q86UE4
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q05DH2
    • Q52QU9
    • Q6PK07
    • Q8TCX3

    Protein attributes for MTDH Gene

    Size:
    582 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    63837 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with BCCIP, CREBBP/CBP and RELA/p65.
    Miscellaneous:
    • Knockdown significantly reduces the adhesion of cancer cells to lung microvascular endothelial cells and the reciprocal effect is observed following overexpression.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MTDH Gene

neXtProt entry for MTDH Gene

Proteomics data for MTDH Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for MTDH Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 107
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for MTDH Gene

Antibody Products

  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for MTDH (Lyric)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MTDH Gene

Domains & Families for MTDH Gene

Protein Domains for MTDH Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MTDH Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MTDH: view

No data available for Gene Families and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MTDH Gene

Function for MTDH Gene

Molecular function for MTDH Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Downregulates SLC1A2/EAAT2 promoter activity when expressed ectopically. Activates the nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-kappa-B) transcription factor. Promotes anchorage-independent growth of immortalized melanocytes and astrocytes which is a key component in tumor cell expansion. Promotes lung metastasis and also has an effect on bone and brain metastasis, possibly by enhancing the seeding of tumor cells to the target organ endothelium. Induces chemoresistance.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
By TNF (at protein level). By HIV-1 infection of primary fetal astrocytes.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MTDH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0051059 NF-kappaB binding IPI 16452207
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MTDH: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MTDH: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for MTDH Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target MTDH

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MTDH Gene

Localization for MTDH Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MTDH Gene

Endoplasmic reticulum membrane; Single-pass membrane protein. Nucleus membrane; Single-pass membrane protein. Cell junction, tight junction. Nucleus, nucleolus. Cytoplasm, perinuclear region. Note=In epithelial cells, recruited to tight junctions (TJ) during the maturation of the TJ complexes. A nucleolar staining may be due to nuclear targeting of an isoform lacking the transmembrane domain (By similarity). TNF-alpha causes translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus. {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for MTDH Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MTDH gene
Compartment Confidence
endoplasmic reticulum 5
nucleus 5
plasma membrane 4
cytosol 2
cytoskeleton 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MTDH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IDA 19648967
GO:0005789 endoplasmic reticulum membrane IEA,ISS --
GO:0005923 bicellular tight junction IEA,ISS --
GO:0046581 intercellular canaliculus IEA,ISS --
GO:0048471 perinuclear region of cytoplasm IEA,IDA 14980505
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MTDH: view

Pathways & Interactions for MTDH Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MTDH: view

Pathways by source for MTDH Gene

1 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathway for MTDH Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MTDH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0031663 lipopolysaccharide-mediated signaling pathway IMP 19740331
GO:0043066 negative regulation of apoptotic process IEA,IDA 17704808
GO:0045766 positive regulation of angiogenesis IEA,IDA 19940250
GO:0051092 positive regulation of NF-kappaB transcription factor activity IDA 16452207
GO:0070830 bicellular tight junction assembly IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MTDH: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for MTDH Gene

Drugs & Compounds for MTDH Gene

(2) Additional Compounds for MTDH Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with MTDH: view

Transcripts for MTDH Gene

Unigene Clusters for MTDH Gene

Metadherin:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MTDH Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12
SP1:
SP2: -
SP3:

Relevant External Links for MTDH Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
MTDH
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
MTDH

Expression for MTDH Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MTDH Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MTDH Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (11.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for MTDH Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MTDH Gene Hs.377155

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MTDH Gene

Q86UE4-LYRIC_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Widely expressed with highest levels in muscle-dominating organs such as skeletal muscle, heart, tongue and small intestine and in endocrine glands such as thyroid and adrenal gland. Overexpressed in various cancers including breast, brain, prostate, melanoma and glioblastoma multiforme.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MTDH: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MTDH Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for MTDH Gene

Orthologs for MTDH Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for MTDH Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MTDH 35
  • 93.7 (n)
  • 92.78 (a)
MTDH 36
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MTDH 35
  • 92.61 (n)
  • 90.72 (a)
MTDH 36
  • 91 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mtdh 35
  • 90.62 (n)
  • 91.19 (a)
Mtdh 16
Mtdh 36
  • 91 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MTDH 35
  • 99.71 (n)
  • 99.48 (a)
MTDH 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mtdh 35
  • 90.3 (n)
  • 90.19 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MTDH 36
  • 74 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MTDH 36
  • 66 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MTDH 35
  • 72.83 (n)
  • 62.62 (a)
MTDH 36
  • 57 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 52 (a)
OneToMany
-- 36
  • 55 (a)
OneToMany
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia MGC75963 35
mtdh 35
  • 62.21 (n)
  • 55.81 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.25186 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii mtdha 35
  • 52.45 (n)
  • 42.14 (a)
mtdha 36
  • 36 (a)
OneToMany
mtdhb 36
  • 35 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for MTDH:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for MTDH Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for MTDH (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for MTDH (if available)

Paralogs for MTDH Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with MTDH: view

No data available for Paralogs for MTDH Gene

Variants for MTDH Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MTDH Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 08 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs17854374 - 97,691,089(+) GGAAA(A/G)CTGAG reference, missense
rs7754 -- 97,728,495(+) ATGTA(A/G)CTGCC utr-variant-3-prime
rs12247 -- 97,729,534(+) TTGTG(A/T)ATCTC utr-variant-3-prime
rs15041 -- 97,728,625(-) ACTTC(C/T)ATCTT utr-variant-3-prime
rs1311 -- 97,726,133(+) CAAAA(C/T)GGTTT utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MTDH Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2752271 CNV Gain 17911159
nsv6325 CNV Loss 18451855
nsv526913 CNV Loss 19592680

Variation tolerance for MTDH Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 25.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.88; 59.07% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for MTDH Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
MTDH

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MTDH Gene

Disorders for MTDH Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for MTDH Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
central nervous system disease
  • central nervous system diseases
nervous system disease
  • nervous system diseases
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search MTDH in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for MTDH

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
MTDH
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
MTDH
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
MTDH
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MTDH: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for MTDH Gene

Publications for MTDH Gene

  1. Metadherin, a cell surface protein in breast tumors that mediates lung metastasis. (PMID: 15093543) Brown D.M. … Ruoslahti E. (Cancer Cell 2004) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Astrocyte elevated gene-1: a novel target for human glioma therapy. (PMID: 20053777) Emdad L. … Fisher P.B. (Mol. Cancer Ther. 2010) 3 23
  3. Clinical significance of astrocyte elevated gene-1 expression in human oligodendrogliomas. (PMID: 20236756) Xia Z. … Huang Z. (Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2010) 3 23
  4. Astrocyte elevated gene-1 upregulates matrix metalloproteinase-9 and induces human glioma invasion. (PMID: 20388776) Liu L. … Li M. (Cancer Res. 2010) 3 23
  5. Molecular mechanism of chemoresistance by astrocyte elevated gene-1. (PMID: 20388796) Yoo B.K. … Sarkar D. (Cancer Res. 2010) 3 23

Products for MTDH Gene

Sources for MTDH Gene

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