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Aliases for MST1 Gene

Aliases for MST1 Gene

  • Macrophage Stimulating 1 2 3 5
  • Macrophage-Stimulating Protein 3 4
  • D3F15S2 3 4
  • DNF15S2 3 4
  • HGFL 3 4
  • MSP 3 4
  • Macrophage Stimulating 1 (Hepatocyte Growth Factor-Like) 3
  • Hepatocyte Growth Factor-Like Protein Homolog 3
  • Hepatocyte Growth Factor-Like Protein 3
  • Macrophage Stimulatory Protein 4
  • Hepatocyte Growth Factor-Like 2
  • EC 3.4.21 61
  • NF15S2 3

External Ids for MST1 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for MST1 Gene

  • D3F15S2
  • HGFL
  • DNF15S2

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MST1 Gene

  • GC03P046385
  • GC03P048678
  • GC03M049575
  • GC03M049681
  • GC03M049696
  • GC03M049730

Summaries for MST1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MST1 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene contains four kringle domains and a serine protease domain, similar to that found in hepatic growth factor. Despite the presence of the serine protease domain, the encoded protein may not have any proteolytic activity. The receptor for this protein is RON tyrosine kinase, which upon activation stimulates ciliary motility of ciliated epithelial lung cells. This protein is secreted and cleaved to form an alpha chain and a beta chain bridged by disulfide bonds. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

GeneCards Summary for MST1 Gene

MST1 (Macrophage Stimulating 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MST1 include Cholangitis, Primary Sclerosing and Familial Renal Papillary Carcinoma. Among its related pathways are Signaling by MST1 and Integrated Pancreatic Cancer Pathway. GO annotations related to this gene include serine-type endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is HGF.

Gene Wiki entry for MST1 Gene

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MST1 Gene

Genomics for MST1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for MST1 Gene

Enhancers for MST1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH03F049670 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 7.8 +18.0 18008 1.8 ELF3 ZFP64 ARID4B DMAP1 THRB ZSCAN9 RAD21 RARA RFX5 YY1 AMT BSN-AS1 BSN BSN-AS2 CDHR4 UBA7 MST1 APEH PIR32155
GH03F050309 0.2 ENCODE 6.1 -620.4 -620350 0.9 ELF3 MLX ARID4B THRB ZBTB40 RAD21 RARA YY1 SCRT2 FOS MST1 HYAL1 HYAL3
GH03F049721 1 ENCODE 5.9 -34.5 -34546 4.2 PKNOX1 ATF1 CREB3L1 WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF48 YY1 GLIS2 FAM212A AMT PHF5EP IP6K1 TRAIP MST1 GC03M049732 GMPPB PIR51040
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around MST1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for MST1 Gene

49,683,947 bp from pter
49,689,528 bp from pter
5,582 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for MST1 Gene

Genes around MST1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MST1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MST1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MST1 Gene

Proteins for MST1 Gene

  • Protein details for MST1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Hepatocyte growth factor-like protein
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NLA3
    • A8MSX3
    • Q13350
    • Q14870
    • Q6GTN4

    Protein attributes for MST1 Gene

    711 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    80320 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Dimer of an alpha chain and a beta chain linked by a disulfide bond. Interacts (via beta chain) with MST1R (via SEMA domain).

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MST1 Gene

neXtProt entry for MST1 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for MST1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for MST1 Gene

  • Cleaved after Arg-483, probably by HPN/Hepsin, to yield the active form consisting of two disulfide-linked chains.
  • Glycosylation at Asn 72, Asn 296, and Asn 615
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Domains & Families for MST1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MST1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 4 kringle domains.
  • Belongs to the peptidase S1 family. Plasminogen subfamily.
  • Contains 4 kringle domains.
  • Contains 1 PAN domain.
  • Contains 1 peptidase S1 domain.
  • Belongs to the peptidase S1 family. Plasminogen subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MST1: view

No data available for Gene Families for MST1 Gene

Function for MST1 Gene

Molecular function for MST1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
macrophage stimulating,protein 1,paralog to HGF

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for MST1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MST1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003674 molecular_function ND --
GO:0004252 serine-type endopeptidase activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 22087277
GO:0019899 enzyme binding IEA --
GO:0030971 receptor tyrosine kinase binding IDA 22087277
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MST1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MST1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for MST1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for MST1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for MST1:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for MST1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target MST1

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MST1 Gene

Localization for MST1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MST1 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for MST1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MST1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 2
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MST1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IDA 7508914
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005773 vacuole IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MST1: view

Pathways & Interactions for MST1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MST1: view

Pathways by source for MST1 Gene

2 Reactome pathways for MST1 Gene
1 Qiagen pathway for MST1 Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for MST1 Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MST1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006508 proteolysis IEA --
GO:0007283 spermatogenesis IEA --
GO:0007566 embryo implantation IEA --
GO:0008150 biological_process ND --
GO:0010628 positive regulation of gene expression IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MST1: view

Drugs & Compounds for MST1 Gene

(6) Drugs for MST1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(4) Additional Compounds for MST1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with MST1: view

Transcripts for MST1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for MST1 Gene

Macrophage stimulating 1 (hepatocyte growth factor-like):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MST1 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for MST1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MST1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MST1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for MST1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x31.7).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MST1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Serum (36.4), Plasma (19.4), and Synovial fluid (6.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for MST1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MST1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of MST1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MST1 Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MST1: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MST1 Gene

Orthologs for MST1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for MST1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MST1 34 35
  • 99.4 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MST1 34 35
  • 86.53 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MST1 34 35
  • 81.97 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mst1 34 16 35
  • 81.4 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mst1 34
  • 80.83 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MST1 35
  • 68 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MST1 35
  • 61 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MST1 34 35
  • 67.44 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MST1 35
  • 64 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia mst1 34
  • 61.72 (n)
Str.2230 34
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MGC54016 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii mst1 34 35
  • 59.82 (n)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.10681 34
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Tequila 35
  • 5 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea svh-1 35
  • 14 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 20 (a)
Species where no ortholog for MST1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for MST1 Gene

Gene Tree for MST1 (if available)
Gene Tree for MST1 (if available)

Paralogs for MST1 Gene

Paralogs for MST1 Gene Pseudogenes for MST1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with MST1: view

Variants for MST1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MST1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs62262686 untested 49,688,637(+) GAGTG(A/G)GAGCC nc-transcript-variant, upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs1057287 -- 49,685,314(-) TGCGC(A/G/T)TGGTT nc-transcript-variant, downstream-variant-500B, reference, synonymous-codon, missense
rs1057288 -- 49,684,784(-) AGATG(A/C/G)TGTGT nc-transcript-variant, downstream-variant-500B, reference, missense, utr-variant-3-prime
rs1057319 -- 49,684,128(-) AATTA(A/C/G/T)AATCC nc-transcript-variant, downstream-variant-500B, reference, missense, stop-lost
rs1057363 -- 49,684,015(-) CTTGA(C/T)GCCAT nc-transcript-variant, downstream-variant-500B, utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MST1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv28815 CNV gain+loss 19812545
nsv1118699 CNV duplication 24896259
nsv1141429 CNV duplication 24896259
nsv1148681 CNV duplication 26484159
nsv471425 CNV gain 19718026
nsv482080 CNV gain 20164927
nsv508217 CNV deletion 20534489
nsv820990 CNV duplication 20802225
nsv822077 CNV gain 20364138

Variation tolerance for MST1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 78.7% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 7.53; 82.35% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for MST1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MST1 Gene

Disorders for MST1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for MST1 Gene - From: Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
cholangitis, primary sclerosing
  • primary sclerosing cholangitis
familial renal papillary carcinoma
  • hereditary papillary renal carcinoma
sclerosing cholangitis
  • primary sclerosing cholangitis
pancreatic cancer
  • pancreatic carcinoma, somatic
  • kartagener syndrome
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search MST1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Note=MST1 variant Cys-689 may be associated with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), a chronic, relapsing inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract with a complex etiology. It is unsure whether Cys-689 itself or a variation in linkage disequilibrium with Cys-689 is responsible for the association with IBD. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:19079170, ECO:0000269 PubMed:20228799}.

Relevant External Links for MST1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MST1: view

No data available for Genatlas for MST1 Gene

Publications for MST1 Gene

  1. Cloning, sequencing, and expression of human macrophage stimulating protein (MSP, MST1) confirms MSP as a member of the family of kringle proteins and locates the MSP gene on chromosome 3. (PMID: 8393443) Yoshimura T. … Leonard E.J. (J. Biol. Chem. 1993) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Genome-wide association identifies multiple ulcerative colitis susceptibility loci. (PMID: 20228799) McGovern D.P. … Seielstad M. (Nat. Genet. 2010) 3 4 46 64
  3. Gene-centric association mapping of chromosome 3p implicates MST1 in IBD pathogenesis. (PMID: 19079170) Goyette P. … Rioux J.D. (Mucosal Immunol 2008) 3 4 22 64
  4. Macrophage stimulating protein: purification, partial amino acid sequence, and cellular activity. (PMID: 1827141) Skeel A. … Leonard E.J. (J. Exp. Med. 1991) 3 4 22 64
  5. Genome-wide association analysis in primary sclerosing cholangitis identifies two non-HLA susceptibility loci. (PMID: 21151127) Melum E. … Karlsen T.H. (Nat. Genet. 2011) 3 46 64

Products for MST1 Gene

Sources for MST1 Gene

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