Aliases for MRPS22 Gene
External Ids for MRPS22 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPS22 Gene
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 28S subunit protein that does not seem to have a counterpart in prokaryotic and fungal-mitochondrial ribosomes. This gene lies telomeric of and is transcribed in the opposite direction from the forkhead box L2 gene. A pseudogene corresponding to this gene is found on chromosome Xq. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MRPS22 Gene
MRPS22 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein S22) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MRPS22 include hypotonia with lactic acidemia and hyperammonemia and combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 5. Among its related pathways are Organelle biogenesis and maintenance and Mitochondrial translation. GO annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of ribosome.