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Aliases for MRPL55 Gene

Aliases for MRPL55 Gene

  • Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L55 2 3 5
  • Mitochondrial Large Ribosomal Subunit Protein BL31m 3 4
  • Mitochondrial Large Ribosomal Subunit Protein ML55 3 4
  • MRP-L55 3 4
  • L55mt 3 4
  • 39S Ribosomal Protein L55, Mitochondrial 3
  • AAVG5835 3
  • PRO19675 3
  • L55nt 3

External Ids for MRPL55 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPL55 Gene

  • GC01U990459
  • GC01M224679
  • GC01M225269
  • GC01M224601
  • GC01M226361
  • GC01M228294
  • GC01M198809

Summaries for MRPL55 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MRPL55 Gene

  • Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. Multiple transcript variants encoding two different isoforms were identified through sequence analysis. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for MRPL55 Gene

MRPL55 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L55) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Mitochondrial translation and Organelle biogenesis and maintenance. GO annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of ribosome.

Gene Wiki entry for MRPL55 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MRPL55 Gene

Genomics for MRPL55 Gene

Regulatory Elements for MRPL55 Gene

Enhancers for MRPL55 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH01G228137 1.4 ENCODE dbSUPER 12.6 -31.1 -31112 8.8 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF207 OBSCN CICP26 ENSG00000269890 OBSCN-AS1 FAM96AP2 MRPL55 C1orf35 ENSG00000231563 RPL23AP15 HIST3H2BB
GH01G228136 0.7 ENCODE dbSUPER 12.6 -26.3 -26264 0.7 FOXA2 CEBPB FAM96AP2 MRPL55 OBSCN OBSCN-AS1 RPL23AP15 HIST3H2BB HIST3H2A RPS28P3 GC01P228138
GH01G227942 1.4 ENCODE dbSUPER 4.2 +165.2 165237 6.0 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 ZBTB7B ZNF143 FOS OBSCN-AS1 WNT3A OBSCN IBA57 ENSG00000269934 MRPL55 WNT9A MIR5008
GH01G228998 0.6 dbSUPER 4.6 -888.9 -888891 2.3 ZFHX2 RAD51 NFIC PKNOX1 ZNF585B SCRT2 ATF2 MRPL55 GC01M228979 GC01P229014
GH01G228108 1.2 ENCODE 0.7 +1.0 969 3.8 MLX CREB3L1 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF263 SP3 NFYC ZNF610 OBSCN OBSCN-AS1 ENSG00000269934 GC01P228109 MRPL55
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around MRPL55 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for MRPL55 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000021261 1553 1601 MLX CREB3L1 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF263 SP3 NFYC ZNF610 ZNF585B

Genomic Location for MRPL55 Gene

228,106,679 bp from pter
228,110,953 bp from pter
4,275 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for MRPL55 Gene

Genes around MRPL55 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MRPL55 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MRPL55 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MRPL55 Gene

Proteins for MRPL55 Gene

  • Protein details for MRPL55 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    39S ribosomal protein L55, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5TBY3
    • Q5TBY6
    • Q6UWI8

    Protein attributes for MRPL55 Gene

    128 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    15128 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit (mt-LSU). Mature mammalian 55S mitochondrial ribosomes consist of a small (28S) and a large (39S) subunit. The 28S small subunit contains a 12S ribosomal RNA (12S mt-rRNA) and 30 different proteins. The 39S large subunit contains a 16S rRNA (16S mt-rRNA), a copy of mitochondrial valine transfer RNA (mt-tRNA(Val)), which plays an integral structural role, and 52 different proteins.
    • Sequence=CAI23115.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAI23118.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MRPL55 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for MRPL55 Gene


neXtProt entry for MRPL55 Gene

Post-translational modifications for MRPL55 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MRPL55 Gene

Domains & Families for MRPL55 Gene

Gene Families for MRPL55 Gene

Protein Domains for MRPL55 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MRPL55 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the mitochondrion-specific ribosomal protein mL55 family.
  • Belongs to the mitochondrion-specific ribosomal protein mL55 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MRPL55: view

Function for MRPL55 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MRPL55 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003735 structural constituent of ribosome ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL55: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MRPL55: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MRPL55 Gene

Localization for MRPL55 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MRPL55 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MRPL55 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
extracellular 2
nucleus 2
golgi apparatus 2
peroxisome 1
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MRPL55 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane TAS --
GO:0005762 mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit ISS --
GO:0005840 ribosome IEA --
GO:0030529 intracellular ribonucleoprotein complex IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL55: view

Pathways & Interactions for MRPL55 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MRPL55: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MRPL55 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006412 translation ISS --
GO:0070125 mitochondrial translational elongation TAS --
GO:0070126 mitochondrial translational termination TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL55: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for MRPL55 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for MRPL55 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for MRPL55 Gene

Unigene Clusters for MRPL55 Gene

Mitochondrial ribosomal protein L55:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MRPL55 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b · 7c · 7d ^ 8a · 8b · 8c · 8d · 8e · 8f · 8g
SP1: -
SP2: - - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - - - - -
SP4: - - - - - - -
SP5: - - - - - - - -
SP6: - - - - - - -
SP7: - - - - -
SP8: - - - - -
SP9: - - - - - - - - - -
SP10: - - - - - - - - -
SP12: - -
SP13: - - - - - -
SP14: - - - -
SP15: - -
SP16: - -
SP17: - -

Relevant External Links for MRPL55 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MRPL55 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for MRPL55 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MRPL55 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lung (23.8), Breast (21.2), Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (9.5), and Pancreas (6.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for MRPL55 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MRPL55 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of MRPL55 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MRPL55 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for MRPL55 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.6)
  • Lung(2.7)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MRPL55: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for MRPL55 Gene

Orthologs for MRPL55 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for MRPL55 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MRPL55 34 35
  • 99.48 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mrpl55 34
  • 77.07 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MRPL55 34 35
  • 76.96 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mrpl55 34 16 35
  • 76.27 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MRPL55 35
  • 68 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MRPL55 35
  • 59 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MRPL55 34 35
  • 62.5 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MRPL55 35
  • 46 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia mrpl55 34
  • 54.4 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii zgc:171480 34
  • 53.07 (n)
MRPL55 35
  • 38 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta mRpL55 35
  • 36 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.7221 35
  • 24 (a)
Species where no ortholog for MRPL55 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for MRPL55 Gene

Gene Tree for MRPL55 (if available)
Gene Tree for MRPL55 (if available)

Paralogs for MRPL55 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for MRPL55 Gene

Variants for MRPL55 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MRPL55 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000496843 -- 228,109,242(+) CACGC(A/G)GGAGA intron-variant, utr-variant-5-prime
rs1001112946 -- 228,107,406(+) TTGAC(A/C)GAGCA intron-variant
rs1001754115 -- 228,110,706(+) GCAGC(A/G)CCACC upstream-variant-2KB
rs1002092502 -- 228,109,099(+) ACCGG(C/G)AGGGT intron-variant
rs1003887443 -- 228,109,274(+) GTGCT(C/G)CTGCG utr-variant-5-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MRPL55 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv32853 CNV gain 17666407
nsv1160102 CNV deletion 26073780
nsv482143 CNV gain 20164927
nsv516409 CNV loss 19592680
nsv523935 CNV loss 19592680
nsv826908 CNV gain 20364138
nsv832803 CNV loss 17160897
nsv952136 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for MRPL55 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 73.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.79; 47.37% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for MRPL55 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MRPL55 Gene

Disorders for MRPL55 Gene

Relevant External Links for MRPL55

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for MRPL55 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for MRPL55 Gene

Publications for MRPL55 Gene

  1. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson S.L. … O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 46 64
  2. The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. (PMID: 16710414) Gregory S.G. … Bentley D.R. (Nature 2006) 3 4 64
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 64
  4. The secreted protein discovery initiative (SPDI), a large-scale effort to identify novel human secreted and transmembrane proteins: a bioinformatics assessment. (PMID: 12975309) Clark H.F. … Gray A.M. (Genome Res. 2003) 3 4 64
  5. The large subunit of the mammalian mitochondrial ribosome. Analysis of the complement of ribosomal proteins present. (PMID: 11551941) Koc E.C. … Spremulli L.L. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001) 3 4 64

Products for MRPL55 Gene

Sources for MRPL55 Gene

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