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Aliases for MRPL54 Gene

Aliases for MRPL54 Gene

  • Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L54 2 3 5
  • Mitochondrial Large Ribosomal Subunit Protein ML54 3 4
  • MRP-L54 3 4
  • L54mt 3 4
  • 39S Ribosomal Protein L54, Mitochondrial 3

External Ids for MRPL54 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPL54 Gene

  • GC19U990297
  • GC19P003702
  • GC19P003713
  • GC19P003527

Summaries for MRPL54 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MRPL54 Gene

  • Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for MRPL54 Gene

MRPL54 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L54) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Mitochondrial translation and Organelle biogenesis and maintenance. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding.

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MRPL54 Gene

Genomics for MRPL54 Gene

Regulatory Elements for MRPL54 Gene

Enhancers for MRPL54 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH19G003760 1.2 ENCODE 46.1 -0.4 -422 3.0 CREB3L1 ZFP64 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC TBX21 MEF2D MRPL54 APBA3 CACTIN-AS1 DPP9-AS1 ENSG00000267030 ENSG00000267255 ENSG00000267139 ENSG00000267769 SH3GL1 ZNF77
GH19G003719 1.6 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 18.9 -41.6 -41571 4.8 HDGF PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ARNT AGO1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 YY1 ZNF766 CACTIN MRPL54 ZNF554 HDGFL2 APBA3 ZNF555 ZNF77 FSD1 TMIGD2 GC19P003720
GH19G004453 1.8 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 9.9 +693.4 693396 5.1 HDGF PKNOX1 MLX CREB3L1 ARNT AGO1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 CHAF1A ENSG00000267769 UBXN6 SH3GL1 APBA3 ENSG00000267030 CACTIN ENSG00000269807 MRPL54 ENSG00000267205
GH19G003725 1 ENCODE dbSUPER 17.2 -36.7 -36650 1.5 BCOR PKNOX1 TEAD4 ZMYM3 ZIC2 ZNF121 PRDM10 ZNF263 MAZ SP2 MRPL54 APBA3 RAX2 ZFR2 GC19P003720 GC19P003750
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around MRPL54 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for MRPL54 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000106110 -464 2401 CREB3L1 ZFP64 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC TBX21 MEF2D

Genomic Location for MRPL54 Gene

3,762,664 bp from pter
3,768,575 bp from pter
5,912 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for MRPL54 Gene

Genes around MRPL54 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MRPL54 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MRPL54 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MRPL54 Gene

Proteins for MRPL54 Gene

  • Protein details for MRPL54 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    39S ribosomal protein L54, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for MRPL54 Gene

    138 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    15819 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit (mt-LSU). Mature mammalian 55S mitochondrial ribosomes consist of a small (28S) and a large (39S) subunit. The 28S small subunit contains a 12S ribosomal RNA (12S mt-rRNA) and 30 different proteins. The 39S large subunit contains a 16S rRNA (16S mt-rRNA), a copy of mitochondrial valine transfer RNA (mt-tRNA(Val)), which plays an integral structural role, and 52 different proteins.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MRPL54 Gene

neXtProt entry for MRPL54 Gene

Post-translational modifications for MRPL54 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for MRPL54 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MRPL54 Gene

Domains & Families for MRPL54 Gene

Gene Families for MRPL54 Gene

Protein Domains for MRPL54 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MRPL54 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MRPL54: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MRPL54 Gene

Function for MRPL54 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MRPL54 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003723 RNA binding IDA 22681889
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL54: view

Phenotypes for MRPL54 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for MRPL54:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MRPL54: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for MRPL54 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target MRPL54

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MRPL54 Gene

Localization for MRPL54 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MRPL54 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MRPL54 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 2
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MRPL54 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane TAS --
GO:0005762 mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit IDA 25838379
GO:0005840 ribosome IEA --
GO:0030529 intracellular ribonucleoprotein complex IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL54: view

Pathways & Interactions for MRPL54 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MRPL54: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MRPL54 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0070125 mitochondrial translational elongation TAS --
GO:0070126 mitochondrial translational termination TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL54: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for MRPL54 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for MRPL54 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for MRPL54 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for MRPL54 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(1) Additional mRNA sequences :
(126) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(2) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for MRPL54 Gene

Mitochondrial ribosomal protein L54:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MRPL54 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for MRPL54 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MRPL54 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for MRPL54 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MRPL54 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (12.9), Lung (11.3), Breast (9.9), and Pancreas (6.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for MRPL54 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MRPL54 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of MRPL54 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MRPL54 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for MRPL54 Gene

  • Skin(4.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MRPL54: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for MRPL54 Gene

Orthologs for MRPL54 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for MRPL54 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MRPL54 34 35
  • 98.55 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MRPL54 34 35
  • 81.64 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MRPL54 34 35
  • 80.43 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mrpl54 34
  • 76.05 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mrpl54 34 16 35
  • 75.56 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MRPL54 35
  • 70 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MRPL54 35
  • 51 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MRPL54 34 35
  • 66.99 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MRPL54 35
  • 60 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia mrpl54 34
  • 63.42 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii mrpl54 35 34
  • 63.14 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta mRpL54 35
  • 38 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.3539 35
  • 29 (a)
Species where no ortholog for MRPL54 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for MRPL54 Gene

Gene Tree for MRPL54 (if available)
Gene Tree for MRPL54 (if available)

Paralogs for MRPL54 Gene Pseudogenes for MRPL54 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with MRPL54: view

No data available for Paralogs for MRPL54 Gene

Variants for MRPL54 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MRPL54 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000215475 -- 3,767,032(+) GAGAG(A/G)GCTTG intron-variant
rs1000501604 -- 3,765,162(+) TCTCC(C/T)CAGTT intron-variant
rs1000565899 -- 3,766,782(+) CCAGG(C/T)AGTGG intron-variant
rs1000956396 -- 3,768,017(+) CTGGC(C/T)GACGT downstream-variant-500B
rs1001169222 -- 3,765,553(+) TAGAA(C/T)ACATG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MRPL54 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv470114 CNV loss 18288195
nsv509718 CNV insertion 20534489

Variation tolerance for MRPL54 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 68.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.85; 17.86% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for MRPL54 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MRPL54 Gene

Disorders for MRPL54 Gene

Relevant External Links for MRPL54

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for MRPL54 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for MRPL54 Gene

Publications for MRPL54 Gene

  1. Ribosome. The structure of the human mitochondrial ribosome. (PMID: 25838379) Amunts A. … Ramakrishnan V. (Science 2015) 3 4 64
  2. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson S.L. … O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 46 64
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 64
  4. The large subunit of the mammalian mitochondrial ribosome. Analysis of the complement of ribosomal proteins present. (PMID: 11551941) Koc E.C. … Spremulli L.L. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001) 2 3 64
  5. Mitochondrial Protein Interaction Mapping Identifies Regulators of Respiratory Chain Function. (PMID: 27499296) Floyd B.J. … Pagliarini D.J. (Mol. Cell 2016) 3 64

Products for MRPL54 Gene

Sources for MRPL54 Gene

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