Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for MRPL45 Gene

Aliases for MRPL45 Gene

  • Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L45 2 3 5
  • MRP-L45 3 4
  • L45mt 3 4

External Ids for MRPL45 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPL45 Gene

  • GC17M035907
  • GC17P038369
  • GC17P036363
  • GC17P036827
  • GC17P033706
  • GC17P032251

Summaries for MRPL45 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MRPL45 Gene

  • Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Pseudogenes corresponding to this gene are found on chromosomes 2p and 17q. [provided by RefSeq, May 2013]

GeneCards Summary for MRPL45 Gene

MRPL45 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L45) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Mitochondrial translation and Organelle biogenesis and maintenance. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MRPL45 Gene

Genomics for MRPL45 Gene

Regulatory Elements for MRPL45 Gene

Enhancers for MRPL45 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around MRPL45 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for MRPL45 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around MRPL45 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for MRPL45 Gene

38,297,023 bp from pter
38,323,218 bp from pter
26,196 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for MRPL45 Gene

Genes around MRPL45 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MRPL45 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MRPL45 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MRPL45 Gene

Proteins for MRPL45 Gene

  • Protein details for MRPL45 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    39S ribosomal protein L45, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A1L436
    • Q6ZMJ5

    Protein attributes for MRPL45 Gene

    306 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    35351 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=BC006235; Type=Frameshift; Positions=40; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MRPL45 Gene

neXtProt entry for MRPL45 Gene

Proteomics data for MRPL45 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for MRPL45 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 49, Lys 54, Lys 62, Lys 71, Lys 102, Lys 177, Lys 240, and Lys 273
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for MRPL45 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MRPL45 Gene

Domains & Families for MRPL45 Gene

Gene Families for MRPL45 Gene

Protein Domains for MRPL45 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MRPL45 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the ribosomal protein L45 family.
  • Belongs to the ribosomal protein L45 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MRPL45: view

Function for MRPL45 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MRPL45: view

Animal Model Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MRPL45 Gene

Localization for MRPL45 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MRPL45 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for MRPL45 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MRPL45 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MRPL45 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL45: view

Pathways & Interactions for MRPL45 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MRPL45: view

Interacting Proteins for MRPL45 Gene

Selected Interacting proteins: Q9BRJ2-RM45_HUMAN for MRPL45 Gene via UniProtKB I2D

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MRPL45 Gene


No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for MRPL45 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for MRPL45 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for MRPL45 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for MRPL45 Gene

Unigene Clusters for MRPL45 Gene

Mitochondrial ribosomal protein L45:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MRPL45 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for MRPL45 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MRPL45 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MRPL45 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MRPL45 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Breast (45.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for MRPL45 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MRPL45 Gene Hs.744110

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MRPL45: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MRPL45 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MRPL45 Gene

Orthologs for MRPL45 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for MRPL45 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MRPL45 35
  • 86.38 (n)
  • 82.68 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MRPL45 35
  • 86.31 (n)
  • 81.79 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mrpl45 35
  • 82.24 (n)
  • 79.41 (a)
Mrpl45 16
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MRPL45 35
  • 98.04 (n)
  • 97.05 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mrpl45 35
  • 82.79 (n)
  • 79.41 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MRPL45 35
  • 60.82 (n)
  • 59.65 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia mrpl45 35
  • 61.48 (n)
  • 56.54 (a)
Str.2539 35
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MGC53772 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii mrpl45 35
  • 64.44 (n)
  • 60.56 (a)
zgc56480 35
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.9478 35
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta mRpL45 37
  • 43 (a)
mRpL45 35
  • 54.22 (n)
  • 45.92 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP002412 35
  • 52.26 (n)
  • 44.07 (a)
Species with no ortholog for MRPL45:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for MRPL45 Gene

Gene Tree for MRPL45 (if available)
Gene Tree for MRPL45 (if available)

Paralogs for MRPL45 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with MRPL45: view

No data available for Paralogs for MRPL45 Gene

Variants for MRPL45 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MRPL45 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs34749623 - 38,322,567(+) ACAAG(G/T)AGAGG reference, missense
rs10568 -- 38,322,800(-) AAAAA(A/G)AAGAG utr-variant-3-prime
rs12094 -- 38,322,797(-) AAGAA(A/G)AGTGT utr-variant-3-prime
rs14911 -- 38,323,049(-) CATCT(C/T)CCACT utr-variant-3-prime
rs1675148 -- 38,298,888(+) TTCTG(A/G/T)Ctttt intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MRPL45 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv957e1 CNV Complex 17122850
esv33106 CNV Gain 17666407

Variation tolerance for MRPL45 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 85% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 8.55; 86.04% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for MRPL45 Gene

Disorders for MRPL45 Gene

Relevant External Links for MRPL45

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for MRPL45 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for MRPL45 Gene

Publications for MRPL45 Gene

  1. The large subunit of the mammalian mitochondrial ribosome. Analysis of the complement of ribosomal proteins present. (PMID: 11551941) Koc E.C. … Spremulli L.L. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001) 2 3 4 67
  2. Identification and characterization of over 100 mitochondrial ribosomal protein pseudogenes in the human genome. (PMID: 12706105) Zhang Z. … Gerstein M. (Genomics 2003) 2 3
  3. Proteomic analyses reveal distinct chromatin-associated and soluble transcription factor complexes. (PMID: 25609649) Li X. … Chen J. (Mol. Syst. Biol. 2015) 3
  4. The BioPlex Network: A Systematic Exploration of the Human Interactome. (PMID: 26186194) Huttlin E.L. … Gygi S.P. (Cell 2015) 3
  5. Panorama of ancient metazoan macromolecular complexes. (PMID: 26344197) Wan C. … Emili A. (Nature 2015) 3

Products for MRPL45 Gene

Sources for MRPL45 Gene