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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

MRPL45 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 49
GCID: GC17P036363

Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L45

  Search for MRPL45
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

Aliases
Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L451 2
L45mt2 3
MRP-L452 3
39S Ribosomal Protein L45, Mitochondrial2

External Ids:    HGNC: 166511   Entrez Gene: 843112   Ensembl: ENSG000001741007   OMIM: 6118505   UniProtKB: Q9BRJ23   

Export aliases for MRPL45 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC17M035907 GC17P038369 GC17P036827 GC17P033706 GC17P032251


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

Entrez Gene summary for MRPL45 Gene:
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the
mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit.
They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is
reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain
a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and
sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a
39S subunit protein. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Pseudogenes corresponding to
this gene are found on chromosomes 2p and 17q. (provided by RefSeq, May 2013)

GeneCards Summary for MRPL45 Gene: 
MRPL45 (mitochondrial ribosomal protein L45) is a protein-coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of ribosome and P-P-bond-hydrolysis-driven protein transmembrane transporter activity.




(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000017.10  NC_018928.2  NT_010783.15  
Regulatory elements:
   SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the MRPL45 gene promoter:
         AhR   Nkx3-1 v4   STAT1   Bach2   STAT1beta   FOXD1   Lmo2   STAT1alpha   Arnt   STAT3   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidMRPL45 promoter sequence
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for MRPL45

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat MRPL45


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 17q21.2   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  17q12   HGNC cytogenetic band: 17q21.2

MRPL45 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
MRPL45 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 17         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC17P036363:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
36,452,989 bp from pter      End:
36,479,101 bp from pter
Size:
26,113 bases      Orientation:
plus strand

1 alternative location:
Chr17+,NW_003315948 80,373-106,485     

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: RM45_HUMAN, Q9BRJ2 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: 39S ribosomal protein L45, mitochondrial precursor  
Size: 306 amino acids; 35351 Da
Subcellular location: Mitochondrion
Sequence caution: Sequence=BC006235; Type=Frameshift; Positions=40;
Secondary accessions: A1L436 Q6ZMJ5

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for MRPL45: NX_Q9BRJ2

Explore proteomics data for MRPL45 at MOPED 

Post-translational modifications:

  • View modification sites using PhosphoSitePlus
  • View neXtProt modification sites for NX_Q9BRJ2

  • MRPL45 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

    MRPL45 Protein Expression
    REFSEQ proteins (2 alternative transcripts): 
    NP_001265208.1  NP_115727.4  

    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000308901   ENSP00000464686   ENSP00000462622   ENSP00000462875  

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    Gene Ontology (GO): 2 cellular component terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005739mitochondrion NAS--
    GO:0005840ribosome IEA--

    MRPL45 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
    About This Section
    HGNC Gene Families: 
    MRPL: Mitochondrial ribosomal proteins / large subunits

    1 InterPro protein domain:
     IPR007379 Tim44-like_dom

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q9BRJ2

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q9BRJ2

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: RM45_HUMAN, Q9BRJ2
    Similarity: Belongs to the ribosomal protein L45 family


    MRPL45 for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
    About This Section

         Gene Ontology (GO): 1 molecular function term (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0003735structural constituent of ribosome NAS--
         
    MRPL45 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Animal Models:
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    (Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
    About This Section



    Interactions:

        Search SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Networks for MRPL45

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see 13)

    5/14 Interacting proteins for MRPL45 (Q9BRJ23 ENSP000003089014) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D (see all 14)
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    KBTBD7Q8WVZ93, ENSP000003687974I2D: score=2 STRING: ENSP00000368797
    ESR2Q927313, ENSP000003439254I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000343925
    ICT1Q141973, ENSP000003015854I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000301585
    G3BP1Q132833, ENSP000003485784I2D: score=2 STRING: ENSP00000348578
    LYPLAL1Q5VWZ23I2D: score=5 
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 1 biological process term (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0006412translation NAS--

    MRPL45 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
    About This Section
    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
    Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

    Browse Tocris compounds for MRPL45 (RM45)

    Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about MRPL45 / RM45

    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
    About This Section

    REFSEQ mRNAs for MRPL45 gene (2 alternative transcripts): 
    NM_001278279.1  NM_032351.4  

    Unigene Cluster for MRPL45:

    Mitochondrial ribosomal protein L45
    Hs.744110  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: NM_032351
    5 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000312513(uc002hpy.3) ENST00000582535 ENST00000580762 ENST00000581817
    ENST00000579911
    miRNA
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    hsa-miR-146a* hsa-miR-2117 hsa-miR-944
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidMRPL45 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
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    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AK172741.1 AK225031.1 AK293605.1 BC006235.2 BC105297.1 BC130382.1 BC130384.1 

    8 DOTS entries:

    DT.454776  DT.100876933  DT.95193057  DT.91767844  DT.95193056  DT.91767848  DT.100029810  DT.92024037 

    24 AceView cDNA sequences:

    CB132789 BX642763 BQ889294 BI459352 BF033913 BG719833 BC067758 BI458516 
    AW391997 BU597225 CB117780 BI909541 AW118467 CD389339 BQ307162 BE080771 
    H69151 BI044775 BQ345978 BM830008 BF210921 BF816808 BE077412 BU589152 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure

    5 Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MRPL45    About this scheme

    ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d · 1e ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b · 7c · 7d ^ 8 ^ 9
    SP1:                          -                 -                                                   
    SP2:                          -                 -                                                   
    SP3:                                            -                                                   
    SP4:                                                                                                
    SP5:                          -                 -     -                                             


    ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for MRPL45

    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
    About This Section

    MRPL45 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)      MRPL45 embryonic expression: see
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: GACCAGCCTT
    MRPL45 Expression
    About this image


    MRPL45 expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells    About this table
    Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database 
     5/31 selected tissues (see all 31) fully expand
     
     Epithelium (Reproductive System)    fully expand to see all 5 entries
             vagina ; squamous epithelial cells   
     
     Testis (Reproductive System)    fully expand to see all 4 entries
             Leydig Cells Testis Interstitium
             seminal vesicle ; glandular cells   
     
     Colon (Gastrointestinal Tract)    fully expand to see all 4 entries
             colon ; peripheral nerve/ganglion   
     
     Brain (Nervous System)    fully expand to see all 4 entries
             Cerebral Cortex
     
     Uterus
             uterus, post-menopause ; glandular cells   

    See MRPL45 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
    Genevestigator expression for MRPL45

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.744110
        SABiosciences Custom PCR Arrays for MRPL45
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    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
    About This Section

    This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

    Orthologs for MRPL45 gene from 7/18 species (see all 18)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Mrpl451 , 5 mitochondrial ribosomal protein L451, 5 82.24(n)1
    79.41(a)1
      11 (60.95 cM)5
    670361  NM_025927.41  NP_080203.11 
     973157165 
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves MRPL451 mitochondrial ribosomal protein L45 60.94(n)
    59.79(a)
      426233  NM_001193585.1  NP_001180514.1 
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia MRPL456
    mitochondrial ribosomal protein L45
    49(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    6(74047232-74057337)
    African clawed frog
    (Xenopus laevis)
    Amphibia MGC537722 similar to mitochondrial ribosomal protein L45 71.11(n)    BC043883.1 
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii zgc564802 similar to mitochondrial ribosomal protein L45 72.49(n)   393277  BC050166.1 
    fruit fly
    (Drosophila melanogaster)
    Insecta mRpL451 , 3 structural constituent of ribosome3
    mitochondrial ribosomal protein L451
    43(a)3
    52.59(n)1
    42.63(a)1
      94B63
    426711  NM_142815.31  NP_651072.11 
    worm
    (Caenorhabditis elegans)
    Secernentea mrpl-451 Protein MRPL-45 48.13(n)
    40.36(a)
      191044  NM_064946.4  NP_497347.3 


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for MRPL45 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for MRPL45 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
    About This Section
    Paralogs for MRPL45 gene
    18/61 SIMAP similar genes for MRPL45 using alignment to 4 protein entries:     RM45_HUMAN (see all proteins) (see all similar genes):
    RHBG    NLN    RBP7    SNRPF    C12orf76    LOC100996577
    NDC80    SMYD4    TNNT1    KIAA1651    PFKFB3    ZNF257
    RRM2B    TUBA1C    VPS33A    ZNF114    ACTR10    KIAA0101

    MRPL45 for paralogs           About GeneDecksing


    2 Pseudogenes.org Pseudogenes for MRPL45
    PGOHUM00000262958 PGOHUM00000240139


    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
    About This Section

    10/542 SNPs in MRPL45 are shown (see all 542)    About this table     
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 17 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs1397574531,2
    --36451206(+) CCACCA/GCACCC 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1511448161,2
    --36451494(+) TCAAGC/GTTTAA 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs285232821,2
    C--36451595(+) AACCTC/TGTCTC 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- T:0.00NA 2
    rs285758131,2
    C--36451703(+) CAGAGG/ATTGCA 1 -- us2k1 tfbs31Minor allele frequency- A:0.00NA 2
    rs1871877621,2
    --36451707(+) GGTTGC/TAGTGA 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs713842111,2
    C,F--36451856(+) TTGTAG/TCAATT 1 -- us2k14Minor allele frequency- T:0.17NA CSA WA 123
    rs1916446701,2
    --36451939(+) ACTCTA/GTAAGC 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs72169531,2
    C,H--36451962(+) AATAAA/C/TCACCA 1 -- us2k13WA NA 6
    rs72169541,2
    C,F,H--36451963(+) ATAACA/CACCAA 1 -- us2k15Minor allele frequency- C:0.00NS NA CSA 389
    rs1823492401,2
    --36451970(+) CCAACA/GGCTAA 1 -- us2k10--------

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for MRPL45 (36452989 - 36479101 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 2 variations for MRPL45:    About this table     
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    esv33106CNV Gain17666407
    dgv957e1CNV Complex17122850

    SABiosciences Cancer Mutation PCR Assays
    SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing MRPL45
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for MRPL45

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
    About This Section

    MRPL45 for disorders           About MalaCards
    OMIM gene information: 611850    OMIM disorders: --


    MRPL45 for disorders           About GeneDecksing

    Genetic Association Database (GAD): MRPL45
    Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: MRPL45 (1 document)

    Export disorders for MRPL45 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
    About This Section

    PubMed articles for MRPL45 gene, integrated from 9 sources (see all 23):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with MRPL45)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

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    3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PubMed id 15489334)1, 2 Gerhard D.S....Malek J. (2004)
    4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PubMed id 14702039)1, 2 Ota T.... Sugano S. (2004)
    5. Identification and characterization of over 100 mitochondrial ribosomal protein pseudogenes in the human genome. (PubMed id 12706105)1, 3 Zhang Z. and Gerstein M. (2003)
    6. GWAS meta-analysis and replication identifies three ne w susceptibility loci for ovarian cancer. (PubMed id 23535730)1 Pharoah P.D....Sellers T.A. (2013)
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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
    About This Section
    Entrez Gene: 84311 HGNC: 16651 AceView: MRPL45.1 Ensembl:ENSG00000174100 euGenes: HUgn84311
    ECgene: MRPL45 H-InvDB: MRPL45

    (According to HUGE)
    About This Section
      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
    Wikipedia and/or GeneReviews via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    About This Section
    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for MRPL45 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
    About This Section
    Patent Information for MRPL45 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving MRPL45

    GeneCards and IP:
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