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Category   Symbol Source: HGNC EntrezGene Ensembl GeneCards RNA genes CroW21
GIFtS

MRPL44 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 53
GCID: GC02P224786

Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L44

  See related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
About This Section

Aliases
Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L441 2     COXPD162
MRP-L442 3     L44MT2
39S Ribosomal Protein L441     EC 3.1.26.-3
mitochondrial1     L44mt3
39S Ribosomal Protein L44, Mitochondrial2     EC 3.1.268

External Ids:    HGNC: 166501   Entrez Gene: 650802   Ensembl: ENSG000001359007   OMIM: 6118495   UniProtKB: Q9H9J23   

Export aliases for MRPL44 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC02P222844 GC02P223543 GC02P225024 GC02P224647 GC02P224530 GC02P216673


(According to Entrez Gene, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
About This Section

Entrez Gene summary for MRPL44 Gene:
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the
mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit.
They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is
reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain
a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and
sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a
39S subunit protein. (provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008)

GeneCards Summary for MRPL44 Gene: 
MRPL44 (mitochondrial ribosomal protein L44) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with MRPL44 include intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, and cholangiocarcinoma. GO annotations related to this gene include molecular_function and ribonuclease III activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: RM44_HUMAN, Q9H9J2
Function: Component of the 39S subunit of mitochondrial ribosome




(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 73), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, SABiosciences, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
About This Section
RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000002.11  NC_018913.2  NT_005403.17  
Regulatory elements:
   SABiosciences Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the MRPL44 gene promoter:
         c-Fos   AP-1   CUTL1   HNF-4alpha1   GATA-1   NRF-2   c-Myb   ZID   c-Jun   Ik-1   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidMRPL44 promoter sequence
   Search SABiosciences Chromatin IP Primers for MRPL44

Epigenetics:
QIAGEN PyroMark CpG Assay predesigned Pyrosequencing DNA Methylation assays in human, mouse, rat MRPL44


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 2q36.1   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  2q36.1   HGNC cytogenetic band: 2p24.3-p24.1

MRPL44 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
MRPL44 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 2         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC02P224786:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
224,822,121 bp from pter      End:
224,832,431 bp from pter
Size:
10,311 bases      Orientation:
plus strand

(According to UniProtKB, HORDE, neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MAXQB RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 and Entrez Gene, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
About This Section

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: RM44_HUMAN, Q9H9J2 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: 39S ribosomal protein L44, mitochondrial precursor  
Size: 332 amino acids; 37535 Da
Subcellular location: Mitochondrion
Secondary accessions: Q53S16 Q6IA62 Q9H821

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for MRPL44: NX_Q9H9J2

Explore proteomics data for MRPL44 at MOPED 

Post-translational modifications:

  • View modification sites using PhosphoSitePlus
  • View neXtProt modification sites for NX_Q9H9J2

  • 2 DME Specific Peptides for MRPL44 (Q9H9J2)
     NSCYIKSEEAKRQ  LFIRDFLITQMTGKELFE 

    MRPL44 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MAXQB3 :    About this image 

    MRPL44 Protein Expression
    REFSEQ proteins: NP_075066.1  
    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000258383  

    Human Recombinant Protein Products for MRPL44: 
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    Novus Biologicals MRPL44 Protein
    Novus Biologicals MRPL44 Lysates
    Sino Biological Recombinant Protein for MRPL44
    Sino Biological Cell Lysate for MRPL44 
    Browse ProSpec Recombinant Proteins
    Cloud-Clone Corp. Proteins for MRPL44 

    Gene Ontology (GO): 3 cellular component terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005575cellular_component ND--
    GO:0005739mitochondrion IEA--
    GO:0005840ribosome IEA--

    MRPL44 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



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    Cloud-Clone Corp. ELISAs for MRPL44 
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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
    About This Section
    HGNC Gene Families: 
    MRPL: Mitochondrial ribosomal proteins / large subunits

    3 InterPro protein domains:
     IPR001159 Ds-RNA-bd
     IPR014720 dsRNA-bd-like_dom
     IPR000999 RNase_III_dom

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q9H9J2

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q9H9J2

    1 Blocks protein domain: IPB001159 Double-stranded RNA binding (DsRBD) domain

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: RM44_HUMAN, Q9H9J2
    Similarity: Contains 1 DRBM (double-stranded RNA-binding) domain
    Similarity: Contains 1 RNase III domain


    MRPL44 for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    bound targets from SABiosciences, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, RNAi from EMD Millipore, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and Sirion Biotech, Cell Lines from GenScript, LifeMap BioReagents, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene.)
    About This Section

    Molecular Function:

         UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary: RM44_HUMAN, Q9H9J2
    Function: Component of the 39S subunit of mitochondrial ribosome

         Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB): EC 3.1.26.-1 EC 3.1.262

         Gene Ontology (GO): 4 molecular function terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0003674molecular_function ND--
    GO:0003723RNA binding IEA--
    GO:0003725double-stranded RNA binding ----
    GO:0004525ribonuclease III activity IEA--
         
    MRPL44 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Animal Models:
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated mouse model solutions for MRPL44 
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory - Custom generated inducible mouse model solutions for MRPL44

       genOway customized KO model: permanent, tissue-specific or time-controlled inactivation for MRPL44 
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    miRNA
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    QIAGEN Custom miScript Target Protector blocks miRNA-binding site of human, mouse, rat MRPL44
    5 QIAGEN miScript miRNA Assays for microRNAs that regulate MRPL44:
    hsa-miR-3163 hsa-miR-3613-3p hsa-miR-3120-3p hsa-miR-545 hsa-miR-590-3p
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidMRPL44 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
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    Gene Editing
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    Clone
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    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for MRPL44


    (Pathways according to EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to SABiosciences, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Oct 2013 via Entrez Gene).
    About This Section




    Interactions:

        Search SABiosciences Gene Network CentralTM Interacting Genes and Proteins Networks for MRPL44

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see 13)

    5/274 Interacting proteins for MRPL44 (Q9H9J22, 3 ENSP000002583834) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D (see all 274)
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    IMMTQ168912, 3MINT-65524 MINT-8263324 I2D: score=5 
    SETDB1Q150472, 3MINT-65523 MINT-8263390 I2D: score=5 
    VIMP086702, 3MINT-65525 MINT-8263423 I2D: score=5 
    USP22Q9UPT92, 3, ENSP000002614974MINT-8263412 I2D: score=2 STRING: ENSP00000261497
    CEP70Q8NHQ12, 3MINT-8263313 I2D: score=2 
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 2 biological process terms (GO ID links to tree view):    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0006396RNA processing IEA--
    GO:0008150biological_process ND--

    MRPL44 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB, with drugs/clinical trials/news search links to CenterWatch)
    About This Section
    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
    Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences

    Browse Tocris compounds for MRPL44 (RM44)

    Search CenterWatch for drugs/clinical trials and news about MRPL44 / RM44

    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    RNAi Products from EMD Millipore,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, SwitchGear Genomics, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN )
    About This Section

    REFSEQ mRNAs for MRPL44 gene: 
    NM_022915.3  

    Unigene Cluster for MRPL44:

    Mitochondrial ribosomal protein L44
    Hs.203559  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: NM_022915
    1 Ensembl transcript including schematic representation, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000258383(uc002vnr.4)
    miRNA
    Products:
         
    QIAGEN Custom miScript Target Protector blocks miRNA-binding site of human, mouse, rat MRPL44
    5 QIAGEN miScript miRNA Assays for microRNAs that regulate MRPL44:
    hsa-miR-3163 hsa-miR-3613-3p hsa-miR-3120-3p hsa-miR-545 hsa-miR-590-3p
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidMRPL44 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
    Products:
         
    Browse for Gene Knock-down Tools from EMD Millipore
    OriGene RNAi products in human, mouse, rat for MRPL44
    QIAGEN FlexiTube/FlexiPlate siRNA for gene silencing in human, mouse, rat MRPL44
    Clone
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    DNA2.0 Custom Codon Optimized Gene Synthesis Service for MRPL44
    Vector BioLabs ready-to-use adenovirus/AAV for human, mouse, rat MRPL44
    Sirion Biotech Customized lentivirus for stable overexpression of MRPL44 
                         Customized lentivirus expression plasmids for stable overexpression of MRPL44 
    Primer
    Products:
        
    OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human, mouse for MRPL44
    SABiosciences RT2 qPCR Primer Assay in human, mouse, rat MRPL44
      QIAGEN QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human, mouse, rat MRPL44
      QIAGEN QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat MRPL44

    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AK022763.1 AK024052.1 BC012058.1 CR457293.1 

    10 DOTS entries:

    DT.100793281  DT.452211  DT.100646434  DT.100793282  DT.95166179  DT.100793283  DT.120940347  DT.100793285 
    DT.40242382  DT.95126723 

    24/178 AceView cDNA sequences (see all 178):

    CR619403 BE264998 AU280614 AA136405 BM547681 BX421883 BM924516 CR598480 
    BQ961422 BC012058 CR613852 CB118273 BG031637 BM477275 CR626643 AL701506 
    BX098662 AI183426 BQ421029 CB143246 AW249380 T27098 BI758569 BM795924 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure


    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, plus additional links to Genevestigator, and/or SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Primers from OriGene, SABiosciences, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
    About This Section

    MRPL44 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: GATGCAGCAG
    MRPL44 Expression
    About this image


    See MRPL44 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED and PaxDB
    Genevestigator expression for MRPL44

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.203559
        SABiosciences Custom PCR Arrays for MRPL44
    Primer
    Products:
    OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human, mouse for MRPL44
    SABiosciences RT2 qPCR Primer Assay in human, mouse, rat MRPL44
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    QIAGEN QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat MRPL44
    In Situ
    Assay Products:
     

     
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for MRPL44

    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
    About This Section

    This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

    Orthologs for MRPL44 gene from 6/15 species (see all 15)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Mrpl441 , 5 mitochondrial ribosomal protein L441, 5 81.93(n)1
    85.84(a)1
      1 (40.96 cM)5
    691631  NM_001081210.11  NP_001074679.11 
     797760185 
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves MRPL441 mitochondrial ribosomal protein L44 65.12(n)
    67.18(a)
      424795  XM_422612.2  XP_422612.1 
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia MRPL446
    Uncharacterized protein
    66(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    3(23419069-23426739)
    African clawed frog
    (Xenopus laevis)
    Amphibia MGC643462 hypothetical protein MGC64346 71.89(n)    BC054195.1 
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii Dr.24832 Transcribed sequence with weak similarity to protein more 74.23(n)    CK236072.1 
    fruit fly
    (Drosophila melanogaster)
    Insecta mRpL441 , 3 structural constituent of ribosome3
    mitochondrial ribosomal protein L441
    35(a)3
    45.91(n)1
    35.9(a)1
      83A43
    406561  NM_141284.31  NP_649541.11 


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for MRPL44 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for MRPL44 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
    About This Section
      --

    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD) and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers from QIAGEN, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays and Copy Number PCR Arrays from SABiosciences)
    About This Section

    10/286 SNPs in MRPL44 are shown (see all 286)    About this table     
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 2 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs38064901,2
    C,F,A,H--224197941(-) GATGGA/GTAACA 1 -- us2k119Minor allele frequency- G:0.18EA NA NS WA 1420
    rs38064891,2
    C,F,A,H--224197958(-) AATACG/AGGGCA 1 -- us2k114Minor allele frequency- A:0.28NA NS EA WA 924
    rs102098831,2
    C,F,H--224198052(+) AAAGTG/AAACCC 1 -- us2k1 tfbs313Minor allele frequency- A:0.10NS EA NA WA 1082
    rs1859011781,2
    --224198133(+) AACTCA/GAAAGT 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs1500002911,2
    --224198303(+) ATAAAC/TAGACA 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs10366001,2
    C,F,O,A,H--224198420(-) AACAAC/TGAGAG 1 -- us2k122Minor allele frequency- T:0.31NS EA NA WA CSA 2834
    rs1911482571,2
    C--224198469(+) TTAACG/TTAACA 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs168653501,2
    C,F,H--224198496(+) GGCTTA/GGATTA 1 -- us2k18Minor allele frequency- G:0.07NA NS EA WA 680
    rs779435291,2
    F--224198714(+) TTTTGC/TTCTCT 1 -- us2k12Minor allele frequency- T:0.04CSA WA 120
    rs1452065071,2
    --224198778(+) CTTTTC/GAAATG 1 -- us2k10--------

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for MRPL44 (224822121 - 224832431 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 1 variation for MRPL44:    About this table     
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    nsv511173CNV Loss21212237


    Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD): MRPL44
    SABiosciences Cancer Mutation PCR Assays
    SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing MRPL44
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for MRPL44

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
    About This Section
    OMIM gene information: 611849    OMIM disorders: --

    2 diseases for MRPL44:    About MalaCards
    intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma    cholangiocarcinoma


    MRPL44 for disorders           About GeneDecksing

    Genetic Association Database (GAD): MRPL44
    Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: MRPL44 (1 document)

    Export disorders for MRPL44 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
    About This Section

    PubMed articles for MRPL44 gene, integrated from 9 sources (see all 22):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with MRPL44)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial gen es influence AIDS progression. (PubMed id 20877624)1, 4 Hendrickson S.L....O'Brien S.J. (2010)
    2. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PubMed id 15489334)1, 2 Gerhard D.S....Malek J. (2004)
    3. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PubMed id 14702039)1, 2 Ota T.... Sugano S. (2004)
    4. The large subunit of the mammalian mitochondrial ribosome. Analysis of the complement of ribosomal proteins present. (PubMed id 11551941)1, 2 Koc E.C....Spremulli L.L. (2001)
    5. Quantitative study of the interactome of PKCz involved in the EGF-induced tumor cell chemotaxis. (PubMed id 23402259)1 Chen R....Zhang N. (2013)
    6. p32/gC1qR is indispensable for fetal development and m itochondrial translation: importance of its RNA-binding ability. (PubMed id 22904065)1 Yagi M....Kang D. (2012)
    7. A census of human soluble protein complexes. (PubMed id 22939629)1 Havugimana P.C....Emili A. (2012)
    8. Biochemical and phosphoproteomic analysis of the helix -loop-helix protein E47. (PubMed id 22354994)1 Teachenor R....Murre C. (2012)
    9. Initial characterization of the human central proteome. (PubMed id 21269460)2 Burkard T.R.... Colinge J. (2011)
    10. A directed protein interaction network for investigat ing intracellular signal transduction. (PubMed id 21900206)1 Vinayagam A....Wanker E.E. (2011)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
    About This Section
     ANDOR
    Aliases
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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
    About This Section
    Entrez Gene: 65080 HGNC: 16650 AceView: MRPL44 Ensembl:ENSG00000135900 euGenes: HUgn65080
    ECgene: MRPL44 H-InvDB: MRPL44

    (According to HUGE)
    About This Section
      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL,
    Wikipedia and/or GeneReviews via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
    About This Section
    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for MRPL44 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
    About This Section
    Patent Information for MRPL44 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving MRPL44

    GeneCards and IP:
    Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



    (Antibodies, recombinant proteins, and assays from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, QIAGEN, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, SABiosciences, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, Enzo Life Sciences, Abcam, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Gene Editing from DNA2.0 and Sirion Biotech, Clones from EMD Millipore, OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, SwitchGear Genomics, Vector BioLabs, Sirion Biotech, Cell lines from GenScript, and LifeMap BioReagents, PCR Arrays from SABiosciences, Drugs and/or compounds from EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, and/or Enzo Life Sciences, In Situ Hybridization Assays from
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    About This Section

     
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    GeneCards Homepage - Last full update: 23 Oct 2013 - Incrementals: 4 Nov 2013 , 7 Nov 2013 , 23 Jan 2014

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