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Aliases for MRPL34 Gene

Aliases for MRPL34 Gene

  • Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L34 2 3 5
  • Mitochondrial Large Ribosomal Subunit Protein BL34m 3 4
  • MRP-L34 3 4
  • L34mt 3 4
  • 39S Ribosomal Protein L34, Mitochondrial 3

External Ids for MRPL34 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPL34 Gene

  • GC19P017910
  • GC19P017808
  • GC19P017258
  • GC19P017277
  • GC19P017416
  • GC19P016983
  • GC19P017499
  • GC19P017902
  • GC19P017294
  • GC19P017689
  • GC19P017715
  • GC19P018287
  • GC19P018687
  • GC19P018997

Summaries for MRPL34 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MRPL34 Gene

  • Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for MRPL34 Gene

MRPL34 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L34) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Mitochondrial translation and Organelle biogenesis and maintenance. GO annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of ribosome.

Additional gene information for MRPL34 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MRPL34 Gene

Genomics for MRPL34 Gene

Regulatory Elements for MRPL34 Gene

Enhancers for MRPL34 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH19H017307 1.4 Ensembl ENCODE 42.3 +18.1 18119 5.6 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF207 ZNF143 CHERP MRPL34 ENSG00000267904 C19orf44 GTPBP3 HAUS8 ENSG00000269427 ENSG00000268743 ABHD8 KIAA1683
GH19H017326 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 36.5 +35.9 35879 4.7 CTCF ZNF76 ZFHX2 GLIS2 CTBP1 EGR1 ZNF366 POLR2A PATZ1 ZNF600 MRPL34 ABHD8 MVB12A BST2 PLVAP ANO8 PIR41076
GH19H017302 1.1 ENCODE 42.8 +11.9 11898 5 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 MRPL34 CHERP C19orf44 ENSG00000268743 ABHD8 MED26 HAUS8 ENSG00000269427 KIAA1683 MVB12A
GH19H017333 1.4 ENCODE dbSUPER 28.4 +41.7 41653 2.4 HDGF PKNOX1 ARNT ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF416 ZNF207 CHERP ENSG00000268743 C19orf44 SIN3B KIAA1683 ENSG00000269578 MRPL34 MED26 GTPBP3 ENSG00000267904
GH19H017336 1.4 ENCODE dbSUPER 23.7 +44.7 44747 2.5 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF548 SP3 NFYC ZFP41 MEF2D ZNF610 CHERP ENSG00000269578 ENSG00000268743 KIAA1683 C19orf44 HAUS8 SIN3B MVB12A COLGALT1 ENSG00000268087
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around MRPL34 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for MRPL34 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Locations for MRPL34 Gene

Genomic Locations for MRPL34 Gene
14,239 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for MRPL34 Gene

Genes around MRPL34 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MRPL34 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MRPL34 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MRPL34 Gene

Proteins for MRPL34 Gene

  • Protein details for MRPL34 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    39S ribosomal protein L34, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:

    Protein attributes for MRPL34 Gene

    92 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    10165 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit (mt-LSU). Mature mammalian 55S mitochondrial ribosomes consist of a small (28S) and a large (39S) subunit. The 28S small subunit contains a 12S ribosomal RNA (12S mt-rRNA) and 30 different proteins. The 39S large subunit contains a 16S rRNA (16S mt-rRNA), a copy of mitochondrial valine transfer RNA (mt-tRNA(Val)), which plays an integral structural role, and 52 different proteins.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MRPL34 Gene

neXtProt entry for MRPL34 Gene

Post-translational modifications for MRPL34 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for MRPL34 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MRPL34 Gene

Domains & Families for MRPL34 Gene

Gene Families for MRPL34 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins
  • Ribosomal proteins

Protein Domains for MRPL34 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MRPL34 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the bacterial ribosomal protein bL34 family.
  • Belongs to the bacterial ribosomal protein bL34 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MRPL34: view

Function for MRPL34 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for MRPL34 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MRPL34 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003735 structural constituent of ribosome NAS 11543634
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL34: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MRPL34: view

Clone Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MRPL34 Gene

Localization for MRPL34 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MRPL34 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MRPL34 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 3
extracellular 2
cytoskeleton 2
plasma membrane 1
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MRPL34 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane TAS --
GO:0005761 mitochondrial ribosome NAS 11543634
GO:0005762 mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit IDA 25278503
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL34: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for MRPL34 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for MRPL34 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MRPL34: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MRPL34 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006412 translation IEA,NAS 11543634
GO:0070125 mitochondrial translational elongation TAS --
GO:0070126 mitochondrial translational termination TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL34: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for MRPL34 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for MRPL34 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for MRPL34 Gene

Unigene Clusters for MRPL34 Gene

Mitochondrial ribosomal protein L34:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MRPL34 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2a · 2b · 2c
SP2: - -

Relevant External Links for MRPL34 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MRPL34 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for MRPL34 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MRPL34 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Breast (25.7), Lung (16.0), and Bone (13.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for MRPL34 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of MRPL34 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MRPL34 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for MRPL34 Gene

  • Intestine(4.3)
  • Muscle(2.8)
  • Heart(2.3)
  • Kidney(2.2)
  • Liver(2.1)
  • Nervous system(2.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MRPL34: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for MRPL34 Gene

Orthologs for MRPL34 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for MRPL34 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MRPL34 34 33
  • 99.64 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MRPL34 33 34
  • 82.2 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MRPL34 34
  • 80 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mrpl34 33
  • 78.02 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mrpl34 33 16 34
  • 77.9 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MRPL34 34
  • 76 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MRPL34 34
  • 58 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii mrpl34 34
  • 39 (a)
Species where no ortholog for MRPL34 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for MRPL34 Gene

Gene Tree for MRPL34 (if available)
Gene Tree for MRPL34 (if available)

Paralogs for MRPL34 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for MRPL34 Gene

Variants for MRPL34 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MRPL34 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000101771 -- 17,303,356(+) GTCTA(C/T)GCGGG intron-variant, utr-variant-5-prime
rs1000533433 -- 17,307,178(+) TGGCA(C/G)GATCT downstream-variant-500B
rs1001048620 -- 17,301,212(+) CCTGC(C/G)CTGCC upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs1001164710 -- 17,302,877(+) CTAGG(C/G)CCTGG intron-variant, utr-variant-5-prime
rs1002871148 -- 17,304,054(+) CTACG(A/G)CCTCC intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MRPL34 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv515965 CNV loss 19592680
nsv470129 CNV loss 18288195

Variation tolerance for MRPL34 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 57% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.40; 8.71% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for MRPL34 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MRPL34 Gene

Disorders for MRPL34 Gene

Relevant External Links for MRPL34

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for MRPL34 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for MRPL34 Gene

Publications for MRPL34 Gene

  1. Structure of the large ribosomal subunit from human mitochondria. (PMID: 25278503) Brown A … Ramakrishnan V (Science (New York, N.Y.) 2014) 3 4 60
  2. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson SL … O'Brien SJ (PloS one 2010) 3 45 60
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 60
  4. The human mitochondrial ribosomal protein genes: mapping of 54 genes to the chromosomes and implications for human disorders. (PMID: 11543634) Kenmochi N … Tanaka T (Genomics 2001) 2 3 60
  5. Structural compensation for the deficit of rRNA with proteins in the mammalian mitochondrial ribosome. Systematic analysis of protein components of the large ribosomal subunit from mammalian mitochondria. (PMID: 11279069) Suzuki T … Watanabe K (The Journal of biological chemistry 2001) 3 4 60

Products for MRPL34 Gene

Sources for MRPL34 Gene

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