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Aliases for MRPL33 Gene

Aliases for MRPL33 Gene

  • Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L33 2 3 5
  • MRP-L33 3 4
  • C2orf1 3 4
  • L33mt 3 4
  • 39S Ribosomal Protein L33, Mitochondrial 3
  • RPL33L 3

External Ids for MRPL33 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for MRPL33 Gene

  • C2orf1

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPL33 Gene

  • GC02P027915
  • GC02P028087
  • GC02P027969
  • GC02P027906
  • GC02P027994

Summaries for MRPL33 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MRPL33 Gene

  • Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for MRPL33 Gene

MRPL33 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L33) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Mitochondrial translation and Viral mRNA Translation. GO annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of ribosome.

Gene Wiki entry for MRPL33 Gene

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MRPL33 Gene

Genomics for MRPL33 Gene

Regulatory Elements for MRPL33 Gene

Enhancers for MRPL33 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH02F027794 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 15.8 +26.5 26537 6.6 ATF1 SIN3A DMAP1 BRCA1 ZNF2 FOS SP3 SP5 MXD4 MIER2 MRPL33 FNDC4 PLB1 LOC102723530 SNRPGP7 SNX17 RBKS ATRAID GC02P027841
GH02F027734 1.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 11.9 -34.7 -34701 4.4 ATF1 MLX ARID4B SIN3A ZNF48 YY1 ELK1 ZHX2 REST PPARG MRPL33 LINC01460 PLB1 SNRPGP7 LOC102723530 FLJ31356 FOSL2 FNDC4 RBKS
GH02F027722 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 11.9 -47.4 -47353 2.9 ELF3 ATF1 MLX ARID4B SIN3A ZNF48 ZSCAN9 RAD21 RARA SLC30A9 MRPL33 LINC01460
GH02F027792 0.5 Ensembl 11.8 +21.3 21284 1.2 JUND MRPL33 SLC4A1AP GC02P027841
GH02F027966 1 Ensembl ENCODE 11.1 +195.2 195185 1.0 RAD21 MRPL33 FNDC4 LOC100422227 GC02M027983
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around MRPL33 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for MRPL33 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for MRPL33 Gene

27,771,717 bp from pter
27,988,087 bp from pter
216,371 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for MRPL33 Gene

Genes around MRPL33 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MRPL33 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MRPL33 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MRPL33 Gene

Proteins for MRPL33 Gene

  • Protein details for MRPL33 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    39S ribosomal protein L33, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q53RZ6
    • Q5FVE3
    • Q96Q50

    Protein attributes for MRPL33 Gene

    65 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    7619 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the mitochondrial ribosome large subunit (39S) which comprises a 16S rRNA and about 50 distinct proteins.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MRPL33 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for MRPL33 Gene


neXtProt entry for MRPL33 Gene

Post-translational modifications for MRPL33 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for MRPL33 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MRPL33 Gene

Domains & Families for MRPL33 Gene

Gene Families for MRPL33 Gene

Protein Domains for MRPL33 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MRPL33 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the ribosomal protein L33P family.
  • Belongs to the ribosomal protein L33P family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MRPL33: view

Function for MRPL33 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MRPL33 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003735 structural constituent of ribosome IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL33: view

Phenotypes for MRPL33 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for MRPL33:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MRPL33: view

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MRPL33 Gene

Localization for MRPL33 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MRPL33 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for MRPL33 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MRPL33 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 2
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MRPL33 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane TAS --
GO:0005762 mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit IDA,IBA 25278503
GO:0005840 ribosome IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL33: view

Pathways & Interactions for MRPL33 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MRPL33: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MRPL33 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006412 translation IEA --
GO:0070125 mitochondrial translational elongation TAS --
GO:0070126 mitochondrial translational termination TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL33: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for MRPL33 Gene

Transcripts for MRPL33 Gene

Unigene Clusters for MRPL33 Gene

Mitochondrial ribosomal protein L33:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MRPL33 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for MRPL33 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MRPL33 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for MRPL33 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for MRPL33 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adrenal Gland (x4.6).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MRPL33 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Breast (31.1) and Lung (24.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for MRPL33 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MRPL33 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of MRPL33 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MRPL33 Gene:

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MRPL33: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MRPL33 Gene

Orthologs for MRPL33 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for MRPL33 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MRPL33 34 35
  • 99.49 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MRPL33 34 35 35
  • 86.15 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mrpl33 34
  • 82.56 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mrpl33 34 16 35
  • 82.05 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MRPL33 35
  • 80 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MRPL33 35
  • 75 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MRPL33 35
  • 75 (a)
Species where no ortholog for MRPL33 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for MRPL33 Gene

Gene Tree for MRPL33 (if available)
Gene Tree for MRPL33 (if available)

Paralogs for MRPL33 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for MRPL33 Gene

Variants for MRPL33 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MRPL33 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs111773212 -- 27,772,446(+) AAAAT(-/ATTAA)ATCTA intron-variant
rs112026366 -- 27,779,841(+) TCCAT(A/G)ACAAC downstream-variant-500B
rs112030266 -- 27,771,800(+) CTTCT(G/T)TAAGT splice-donor-variant
rs112656387 -- 27,778,682(+) CCCGC(A/G)TAGCT intron-variant
rs113116183 -- 27,779,754(+) TCTTA(A/G)TGATG downstream-variant-500B

Variation tolerance for MRPL33 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 56.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for MRPL33 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MRPL33 Gene

Disorders for MRPL33 Gene

Relevant External Links for MRPL33

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for MRPL33 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for MRPL33 Gene

Publications for MRPL33 Gene

  1. Structure of the large ribosomal subunit from human mitochondria. (PMID: 25278503) Brown A. … Ramakrishnan V. (Science 2014) 3 4 64
  2. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson S.L. … O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 46 64
  3. Generation and annotation of the DNA sequences of human chromosomes 2 and 4. (PMID: 15815621) Hillier L.W. … Wilson R.K. (Nature 2005) 3 4 64
  4. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 64
  5. The human mitochondrial ribosomal protein genes: mapping of 54 genes to the chromosomes and implications for human disorders. (PMID: 11543634) Kenmochi N. … Tanaka T. (Genomics 2001) 3 4 64

Products for MRPL33 Gene

Sources for MRPL33 Gene

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