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MRPL20 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 52
GCID: GC01M001329

Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L20

Microbiology & Infectious Diseases Congress
  See related diseases
at  

(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
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Aliases
Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L201 2
L20mt2 3
MRP-L202 3
39S Ribosomal Protein L20, Mitochondrial2

External Ids:    HGNC: 144781   Entrez Gene: 550522   Ensembl: ENSG000002424857   OMIM: 6118335   UniProtKB: Q9BYC93   

Export aliases for MRPL20 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC01M000864 GC01M001089 GC01M001253 GC01M001288 GC01M001425 GC01M000614


(According to Entrez Gene, GeneCards, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
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Entrez Gene summary for MRPL20 Gene:
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the
mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit.
They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is
reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain
a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and
sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a
39S subunit protein. A pseudogene corresponding to this gene is found on chromosome 21q. (provided by RefSeq, Jul
2008)

GeneCards Summary for MRPL20 Gene:
MRPL20 (mitochondrial ribosomal protein L20) is a protein-coding gene. Diseases associated with MRPL20 include pneumonia, and tuberculosis. GO annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of ribosome and rRNA binding.

Gene Wiki entry for MRPL20 Gene


(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 75), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
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RefSeq DNA sequence:
NC_000001.11  NT_032977.10  NC_018912.2  
Regulatory elements:
   Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the MRPL20 gene promoter:
         Max1   Pax-5   ATF-2   NCX/Ncx   MyoD   Lmo2   Gfi-1   CRE-BP1   Max   c-Myc   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidMRPL20 promoter sequence
   Search Chromatin IP Primers for MRPL20

Epigenetics:
DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human, mouse, rat MRPL20


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 1p36.3-p36.2   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  1p36.33   HGNC cytogenetic band: 1p36.3-p36.2

MRPL20 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
MRPL20 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 1         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC01M001329:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
1,337,276 bp from pter      End:
1,342,693 bp from pter
Size:
5,418 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to 1UniProtKB, HORDE, 2neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp., Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, and/or Cloud-Clone Corp.)
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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: RM20_HUMAN, Q9BYC9 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: 39S ribosomal protein L20, mitochondrial precursor  
Size: 149 amino acids; 17443 Da
Subunit: Interacts with OXA1L (By similarity)
Secondary accessions: B2RE41

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for MRPL20: NX_Q9BYC9

Explore proteomics data for MRPL20 at MOPED

Post-translational modifications: 

  • Ubiquitination2 at Lys82, Lys100, Lys111, Lys114
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

  • See MRPL20 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED, PaxDB, and MaxQB

    REFSEQ proteins: NP_060441.2  
    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000341082   ENSP00000459994   ENSP00000460924  

    MRPL20 Human Recombinant Protein Products:

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    MRPL20 Assay Products:

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    Cloud-Clone Corp. CLIAs for MRPL20


    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
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    HGNC Gene Families:
    MRPL: Mitochondrial ribosomal proteins / large subunits

    1 InterPro protein domain:
     IPR005813 Ribosomal_L20

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q9BYC9

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q9BYC9

    1 Blocks protein domain: IPB005812 Ribosomal protein L20

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: RM20_HUMAN, Q9BYC9
    Similarity: Belongs to the ribosomal protein L20P family


    MRPL20 for domains           About GeneDecksing


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
    transcription factor targeting from QIAGEN and/or HOMER, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Clones from OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, and Vector BioLabs, Cell Lines from GenScript, ESI BIO, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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         Gene Ontology (GO): 4 molecular function terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0003735structural constituent of ribosome IEA--
    GO:0005515protein binding IPI--
    GO:0019843rRNA binding IEA--
    GO:0044822poly(A) RNA binding IDA--
         
    MRPL20 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    Animal Models:
       inGenious Targeting Laboratory: Let us create your new Knockout/Knockin mouse model for MRPL20
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    miRNA
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    hsa-mir-16-5p (MIRT001440)

    Block miRNA regulation of human, mouse, rat MRPL20 using miScript Target Protectors
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    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidMRPL20 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
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    Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human, mouse, rat MRPL20

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    GenScript: all cDNA clones in your preferred vector: MRPL20 (NM_017971)
    Browse Sino Biological Human cDNA Clones
    DNA2.0 Custom Codon Optimized Gene Synthesis Service for MRPL20
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    (According to UniProtKB, COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization database, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot
    RM20_HUMAN, Q9BYC9: Mitochondrion
    Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS: 

    CompartmentConfidence
    mitochondrion5
    cytosol2
    nucleus2

    Gene Ontology (GO): 4 cellular component terms:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005622intracellular ----
    GO:0005739mitochondrion ----
    GO:0005761mitochondrial ribosome IDA--
    GO:0005840ribosome ----

    MRPL20 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing


    (SuperPaths according to PathCards, Pathways according to R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to QIAGEN, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene).
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    SuperPaths for MRPL20 About                                                                                                See pathways by source

    SuperPathContained pathways About
    1CFTR translational fidelity class I mutations
    Ribosome0.54

    Pathways by source                                                                                                                                                                 See SuperPaths
    Show all pathways



    1 Kegg Pathway  (Kegg details for MRPL20):
        Ribosome


    MRPL20 for pathways           About GeneDecksing

        Custom Pathway & Disease-focused RT2 Profiler PCR Arrays for MRPL20
    Interactions:

        Search GeneGlobe Interaction Network for MRPL20

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see 25)

    Selected Interacting proteins for MRPL20 (Q9BYC92, 3 ENSP000003410824) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D (see all 312)
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    CALM1P621582, 3MINT-63956 I2D: score=5 
    CALM2P621582, 3MINT-63956 I2D: score=5 
    CALM3P621582, 3MINT-63956 I2D: score=5 
    EPS8Q129292, 3, ENSP000002811724MINT-64091 I2D: score=5 STRING: ENSP00000281172
    DUSP23Q9BVJ72, 3, ENSP000003570874MINT-8254699 I2D: score=2 STRING: ENSP00000357087
    About this table

    Gene Ontology (GO): 1 biological process term:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0006412translation IEA--

    MRPL20 for ontologies           About GeneDecksing



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, ApexBio, HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB)
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    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
       Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences
      Browse compounds at ApexBio 

    Browse Tocris compounds for MRPL20 (RM20)



    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    Conferences by KenesGroup, exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN )
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    REFSEQ mRNAs for MRPL20 gene: 
    NM_017971.3  

    Unigene Cluster for MRPL20:

    Mitochondrial ribosomal protein L20
    Hs.182698  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: BF340861
    6 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000344843(uc001afo.4) ENST00000493287 ENST00000487659 ENST00000492508
    ENST00000482352(uc010nyn.1) ENST00000477686
    Congresses - knowledge worth sharing:
    European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID) 10 - 13 May 2014

    miRNA
    Products:
         
    Block miRNA regulation of human, mouse, rat MRPL20 using miScript Target Protectors
    Search for qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate MRPL20
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidMRPL20 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
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    Primer
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    OriGene qPCR primer pairs and template standards for MRPL20
    OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human, mouse for MRPL20
    Pre-validated RT2 qPCR Primer Assay in human, mouse, rat MRPL20
      QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human, mouse, rat MRPL20
      QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat MRPL20

    Additional mRNA sequence: 

    AB049644.1 AK301440.1 AK315794.1 BC009515.1 BC014316.1 BC059945.1 

    19 DOTS entries:

    DT.416674  DT.100728542  DT.100813868  DT.91757114  DT.91757115  DT.121375224  DT.100020329  DT.100813876 
    DT.95155953  DT.95155955  DT.121375152  DT.91757118  DT.91757120  DT.100813864  DT.100813874  DT.91711310 
    DT.91757119  DT.95232818  DT.97822337 

    Selected AceView cDNA sequences (see all 244):

    BM463735 BM904754 CA942102 CB118280 AI282675 AB049644 BE886563 BQ688104 
    BM826043 BM692759 AA603775 CB110365 BQ961898 BU538282 CD677141 CR619017 
    BQ014392 BE269388 N66964 AW156946 BU790464 CR610439 BE048720 AW665517 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure


    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MaxQB, plus additional links to SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from QIAGEN, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
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    MRPL20 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: TTTTGTGTGA
    MRPL20 Expression
    About this image

    MRPL20 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MaxQB3    About this image

    MRPL20 Protein Expression

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.182698
        Custom PCR Arrays for MRPL20
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    In Situ
    Assay Products:
     

     
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for MRPL20

    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
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    This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

    Orthologs for MRPL20 gene from Selected species (see all 15)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Mrpl201 , 5 mitochondrial ribosomal protein L201, 5 82.33(n)1
    87.92(a)1
      4 (87.44 cM)5
    664481  NM_025570.21  NP_079846.11 
     1558028785 
    chicken
    (Gallus gallus)
    Aves MRPL201 mitochondrial ribosomal protein L20 69.8(n)
    74.5(a)
      770979  NM_001278042.1  NP_001264971.1 
    lizard
    (Anolis carolinensis)
    Reptilia MRPL206
    mitochondrial ribosomal protein L20
    69(a)
    1 ↔ 1
    GL343701.1(70245-74813)
    African clawed frog
    (Xenopus laevis)
    Amphibia Xl.347992 Xenopus laevis transcribed sequence with weak similarity more 70.7(n)    BI477748.1 
    zebrafish
    (Danio rerio)
    Actinopterygii wufa27e092 Transcribed sequence with weak similarity to protein more 76.9(n)    AL906674.1 
    fruit fly
    (Drosophila melanogaster)
    Insecta mRpL201 mitochondrial ribosomal protein L20 49.86(n)
    39.02(a)
      39477  NM_079327.3  NP_524051.1 
    thale cress
    (Arabidopsis thaliana)
    eudicotyledons AT1G167401 AT1G16740 49.83(n)
    42.42(a)
      838245  NM_101535.2  NP_173118.1 
    rice
    (Oryza sativa)
    Liliopsida Os01g07341001 Os01g0734100 51.82(n)
    41.82(a)
      4324162  NM_001050699.1  NP_001044164.1 


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for MRPL20 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for MRPL20 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
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    Paralogs for MRPL20 gene

    MRPL20 for paralogs           About GeneDecksing


    1 Pseudogenes.org Pseudogene for MRPL20
    PGOHUM00000239173


    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD), the Human Cytochrome P450 Allele Nomenclature Database, and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays, and Copy Number PCR Arrays from QIAGEN)
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    Selected SNPs for MRPL20 (see all 160)    About this table    
    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 1 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs1839678301,2
    --1338087(+) AGGCAA/GGGCAC 1 -- int10--------
    rs1392045071,2
    --1338093(+) GGCACC/GGTGTC 1 -- int10--------
    rs1889618911,2
    --1338208(+) AAAATA/TCAAGA 1 -- int10--------
    rs1124910041,2
    C,F--1338280(+) GAGGCG/AGGCGG 1 -- int12Minor allele frequency- A:0.50WA CSA 4
    rs1464801271,2
    C--1338324(+) TAACAC/TGGTGA 1 -- int10--------
    rs1929694931,2
    --1338378(+) GTGGTA/TGTCAC 1 -- int10--------
    rs1399378111,2
    --1338500(+) TGAGAC/TTGTAT 1 -- int10--------
    rs1131983511,2
    C--1338507(+) TATCC-/A/AAA 
            
    AAAAA
    2 -- int1 cds11CSA 2
    rs12407101,2
    C--1338556(+) CAAAGG/TGGCCT 1 -- int10--------
    rs171609751,2
    C,F,H--1338596(+) GACCTG/TTATGC 1 -- int115Minor allele frequency- T:0.05NA EA NS WA 1554

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for MRPL20 (1337276 - 1342693 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) Selected variations for MRPL20 (see all 18):    About this table    
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    dgv12n71CNV Loss21882294
    dgv25n71CNV Loss21882294
    dgv19n71CNV Loss21882294
    dgv10n71CNV Loss21882294
    dgv34n71CNV Loss21882294
    nsv871837CNV Loss21882294
    dgv33n71CNV Loss21882294
    dgv40n71CNV Loss21882294
    dgv20n71CNV Loss21882294
    dgv38n71CNV Loss21882294

    Site Specific Mutation Identification with PCR Assays
    Search QIAGEN SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing MRPL20
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for MRPL20

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Conferences by KenesGroup, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
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    OMIM gene information: 611833    OMIM disorders: --

    3 diseases for MRPL20:    About MalaCards
    pneumonia    tuberculosis    malaria


    MRPL20 for disorders           About GeneDecksing

    Genetic Association Database (GAD): MRPL20
    Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator: MRPL20 (1 document)

    Export disorders for MRPL20 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
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    PubMed articles for MRPL20 gene, integrated from 10 sources (see all 23):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with MRPL20)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PubMed id 20877624)1, 4 Hendrickson S.L....O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010)
    2. The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. (PubMed id 16710414)1, 2 Gregory S.G.... Bentley D.R. (Nature 2006)
    3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PubMed id 15489334)1, 2 Gerhard D.S.... Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004)
    4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PubMed id 14702039)1, 2 Ota T.... Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004)
    5. Structural compensation for the deficit of rRNA with proteins in the mammalian mitochondrial ribosome. Systematic analysis of protein components of the large ribosomal subunit from mammalian mitochondria. (PubMed id 11279069)1, 2 Suzuki T....Watanabe K. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001)
    6. A census of human soluble protein complexes. (PubMed id 22939629)1 Havugimana P.C....Emili A. (Cell 2012)
    7. Systems-wide analysis of ubiquitylation dynamics reveals a key role for PAF15 ubiquitylation in DNA-damage bypass. (PubMed id 23000965)1 Povlsen L.K....Choudhary C. (Nat. Cell Biol. 2012)
    8. Methods for quantification of in vivo changes in protein ubiquitination following proteasome and deubiquitinase inhibition. (PubMed id 22505724)1 Udeshi N.D....Carr S.A. (amp 2012)
    9. Initial characterization of the human central proteome. (PubMed id 21269460)2 Burkard T.R.... Colinge J. (BMC Syst. Biol. 2011)
    10. A proteome-wide, quantitative survey of in vivo ubiquitylation sites reveals widespread regulatory roles. (PubMed id 21890473)1 Wagner S.A....Choudhary C. (amp 2011)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
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    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
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    Entrez Gene: 55052 HGNC: 14478 AceView: MRPL20 Ensembl:ENSG00000242485 euGenes: HUgn55052
    ECgene: MRPL20 Kegg: 55052 H-InvDB: MRPL20

    (According to HUGE)
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    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL, and/or others, e.g. Wikipedia and GeneReviews, via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
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    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for MRPL20 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
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    Patent Information for MRPL20 gene:
    Search GeneIP for patents involving MRPL20

    GeneCards and IP:
    Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



    (Antibodies, recombinant proteins, and assays from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, QIAGEN, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, Enzo Life Sciences, Abcam, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Gene Editing from DNA2.0. Clones from OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, SwitchGear Genomics, Vector BioLabs, Cell lines from GenScript, and ESI BIO, PCR Arrays from QIAGEN, Drugs and/or compounds from EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or ApexBio, In Situ Hybridization Assays from
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