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Aliases for MRPL2 Gene

Aliases for MRPL2 Gene

  • Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L2 2 3 5
  • MRP-L2 3 4
  • L2mt 3 4
  • MRP-L14 3
  • CGI-22 3
  • RPML14 3

External Ids for MRPL2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPL2 Gene

  • GC06M043023
  • GC06M043068
  • GC06M043129
  • GC06M042738
  • GC06M043021

Summaries for MRPL2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MRPL2 Gene

  • Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein that belongs to the EcoL2 ribosomal protein family. A pseudogene corresponding to this gene is found on chromosome 12q. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2014]

GeneCards Summary for MRPL2 Gene

MRPL2 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Mitochondrial translation and Organelle biogenesis and maintenance. GO annotations related to this gene include poly(A) RNA binding and structural constituent of ribosome.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MRPL2 Gene

Genomics for MRPL2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for MRPL2 Gene

Enhancers for MRPL2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around MRPL2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for MRPL2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around MRPL2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for MRPL2 Gene

43,054,029 bp from pter
43,060,186 bp from pter
6,158 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for MRPL2 Gene

Genes around MRPL2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MRPL2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MRPL2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MRPL2 Gene

Proteins for MRPL2 Gene

  • Protein details for MRPL2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    39S ribosomal protein L2, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RC56
    • Q8WUL1
    • Q96Q56
    • Q9Y311

    Protein attributes for MRPL2 Gene

    305 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    33301 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAD27731.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=274, 283; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAI13780.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MRPL2 Gene

neXtProt entry for MRPL2 Gene

Proteomics data for MRPL2 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for MRPL2 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for MRPL2 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MRPL2 Gene

Domains & Families for MRPL2 Gene

Gene Families for MRPL2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MRPL2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the ribosomal protein L2P family.
  • Belongs to the ribosomal protein L2P family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MRPL2: view

Function for MRPL2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MRPL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0044822 poly(A) RNA binding IDA 22658674
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MRPL2: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for MRPL2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target MRPL2

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MRPL2 Gene

Localization for MRPL2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MRPL2 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for MRPL2 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MRPL2 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 3
peroxisome 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MRPL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IEA --
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL2: view

Pathways & Interactions for MRPL2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MRPL2: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MRPL2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006412 translation IEA --
GO:0032543 mitochondrial translation IBA,TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for MRPL2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for MRPL2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for MRPL2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for MRPL2 Gene

Mitochondrial ribosomal protein L2:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MRPL2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c · 1d ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b · 8c
SP1: - - - -
SP2: - - - - -
SP3: - - -
SP4: - - -
SP5: - - - - - - - - -
SP6: -

Relevant External Links for MRPL2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MRPL2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MRPL2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MRPL2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Breast (30.3) and Pancreas (7.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for MRPL2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MRPL2 Gene Hs.55041

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MRPL2: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MRPL2 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MRPL2 Gene

Orthologs for MRPL2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for MRPL2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MRPL2 35
  • 88.63 (n)
  • 88.85 (a)
MRPL2 36
  • 89 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MRPL2 35
  • 88.09 (n)
  • 89.18 (a)
MRPL2 36
  • 89 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mrpl2 35
  • 85.14 (n)
  • 84.26 (a)
Mrpl2 16
Mrpl2 36
  • 84 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MRPL2 35
  • 99.61 (n)
  • 99.22 (a)
MRPL2 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mrpl2 35
  • 85.7 (n)
  • 84.82 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MRPL2 36
  • 80 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MRPL2 36
  • 80 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MRPL2 35
  • 73.36 (n)
  • 82.91 (a)
MRPL2 36
  • 70 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MRPL2 36
  • 70 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.21075 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii im:6908224 35
  • 67.3 (n)
  • 74.14 (a)
MRPL2 36
  • 68 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.8536 35
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta mRpL2 37
  • 50 (a)
mRpL2 35
  • 56.86 (n)
  • 52.04 (a)
mRpL2 36
  • 44 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP010450 35
  • 54.15 (n)
  • 51.58 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea mrpl-2 35
  • 50.57 (n)
  • 41.03 (a)
mrpl-2 36
  • 32 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes RML2 36
  • 22 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 29 (a)
Species with no ortholog for MRPL2:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for MRPL2 Gene

Gene Tree for MRPL2 (if available)
Gene Tree for MRPL2 (if available)

Paralogs for MRPL2 Gene Pseudogenes for MRPL2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with MRPL2: view

No data available for Paralogs for MRPL2 Gene

Variants for MRPL2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MRPL2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_029470 -
rs1214704 -- 43,057,173(+) caccc(A/G)gccGG intron-variant
rs11970463 -- 43,057,244(+) ggtgc(A/G)atctc intron-variant
rs143952438 -- 43,056,379(+) GGAAA(C/T)GCAGA reference, missense
rs114973901 -- 43,056,227(+) CAGAC(C/G/T)GTCTA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MRPL2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv462927 CNV Loss 19166990
nsv462930 CNV Loss 19166990

Variation tolerance for MRPL2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 59.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.60; 30.75% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Relevant External Links for MRPL2 Gene

Disorders for MRPL2 Gene

Relevant External Links for MRPL2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for MRPL2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for MRPL2 Gene

Publications for MRPL2 Gene

  1. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson S.L. … O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 48 67
  2. Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins (2). Amino acid sequencing, characterization, and identification of corresponding gene sequences. (PMID: 10593885) O'Brien T.W. … Graack H.R. (J. Biol. Chem. 1999) 3 23
  3. The BioPlex Network: A Systematic Exploration of the Human Interactome. (PMID: 26186194) Huttlin E.L. … Gygi S.P. (Cell 2015) 3
  4. Panorama of ancient metazoan macromolecular complexes. (PMID: 26344197) Wan C. … Emili A. (Nature 2015) 3
  5. A human interactome in three quantitative dimensions organized by stoichiometries and abundances. (PMID: 26496610) Hein M.Y. … Mann M. (Cell 2015) 3

Products for MRPL2 Gene

Sources for MRPL2 Gene