External Ids for MRPL18 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPL18 Gene
Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein that belongs to the L18P ribosomal protein family. Three polymorphic sites exist in this gene, one of which is three nt in length which causes an extra aa near the N-terminus. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MRPL18 Gene
MRPL18 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L18) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Organelle biogenesis and maintenance and Viral mRNA Translation. GO annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of ribosome and 5S rRNA binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MRPL18 Gene
Together with thiosulfate sulfurtransferase (TST), acts as a mitochondrial import factor for the cytosolic 5S rRNA. The precursor form shows RNA chaperone activity; is able to fold the 5S rRNA into an import-competent conformation that is recognized by rhodanese (TST). Both the cytoplasmic and mitochondrial forms are able to bind to the helix IV-loop D in the gamma domain of the 5S rRNA.