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Aliases for MRPL16 Gene

Aliases for MRPL16 Gene

  • Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L16 2 3
  • MRP-L16 3 4
  • L16mt 3 4
  • 39S Ribosomal Protein L16, Mitochondrial 3
  • PNAS-111 3

External Ids for MRPL16 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MRPL16 Gene

  • GC11M061967
  • GC11M061086
  • GC11M059348
  • GC11M059330
  • GC11M059573
  • GC11M055920

Summaries for MRPL16 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MRPL16 Gene

  • Mammalian mitochondrial ribosomal proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and help in protein synthesis within the mitochondrion. Mitochondrial ribosomes (mitoribosomes) consist of a small 28S subunit and a large 39S subunit. They have an estimated 75% protein to rRNA composition compared to prokaryotic ribosomes, where this ratio is reversed. Another difference between mammalian mitoribosomes and prokaryotic ribosomes is that the latter contain a 5S rRNA. Among different species, the proteins comprising the mitoribosome differ greatly in sequence, and sometimes in biochemical properties, which prevents easy recognition by sequence homology. This gene encodes a 39S subunit protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for MRPL16 Gene

MRPL16 (Mitochondrial Ribosomal Protein L16) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are CFTR translational fidelity (class I mutations). GO annotations related to this gene include structural constituent of ribosome and rRNA binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MRPL16 Gene

  • Component of the large subunit of mitochondrial ribosome

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MRPL16 Gene

Genomics for MRPL16 Gene

Regulatory Elements for MRPL16 Gene

Epigenetics Products

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat

Genomic Location for MRPL16 Gene

59,806,135 bp from pter
59,810,872 bp from pter
4,738 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for MRPL16 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for MRPL16 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MRPL16 Gene

Proteins for MRPL16 Gene

  • Protein details for MRPL16 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    39S ribosomal protein L16, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q9BYD0
    • Q9HB70

    Protein attributes for MRPL16 Gene

    251 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    28449 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAG23818.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MRPL16 Gene

neXtProt entry for MRPL16 Gene

Proteomics data for MRPL16 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for MRPL16 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for MRPL16 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MRPL16 Gene

Domains for MRPL16 Gene

Gene Families for MRPL16 Gene

Protein Domains for MRPL16 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MRPL16 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the ribosomal protein L16P family.
  • Belongs to the ribosomal protein L16P family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MRPL16: view

Function for MRPL16 Gene

Molecular function for MRPL16 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Component of the large subunit of mitochondrial ribosome

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MRPL16 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003735 structural constituent of ribosome IBA --
GO:0019843 rRNA binding IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL16: view

Phenotypes for MRPL16 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for MRPL16:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MRPL16: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for MRPL16 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target MRPL16

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for MRPL16

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MRPL16 Gene

Localization for MRPL16 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MRPL16 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for MRPL16 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MRPL16 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MRPL16 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion --
GO:0005743 mitochondrial inner membrane TAS --
GO:0005762 mitochondrial large ribosomal subunit IBA --
GO:0005840 ribosome --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL16: view

Pathways for MRPL16 Gene

SuperPathways for MRPL16 Gene

Superpath Contained pathways
1 CFTR translational fidelity (class I mutations)
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MRPL16: view

Pathways by source for MRPL16 Gene

1 KEGG pathway for MRPL16 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MRPL16 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006412 translation --
GO:0006996 organelle organization TAS --
GO:0032543 mitochondrial translation TAS --
GO:0070124 mitochondrial translational initiation TAS --
GO:0070125 mitochondrial translational elongation TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MRPL16: view

Transcripts for MRPL16 Gene

Unigene Clusters for MRPL16 Gene

Mitochondrial ribosomal protein L16:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for MRPL16

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MRPL16 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6a · 6b
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - -

Relevant External Links for MRPL16 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MRPL16 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MRPL16 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for MRPL16 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Urine (18.1), Lung (6.5), and Neutrophil (6.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for MRPL16 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MRPL16 Gene Hs.530734

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with MRPL16: view

Expression partners for MRPL16 Gene

* - Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MRPL16 Gene

Orthologs for MRPL16 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for MRPL16 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MRPL16 35
  • 84.06 (n)
  • 87.65 (a)
MRPL16 36
  • 88 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC100855841 35
  • 84.88 (n)
  • 91.19 (a)
-- 36
  • 88 (a)
-- 36
  • 85 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mrpl16 35
  • 85.52 (n)
  • 84.46 (a)
Mrpl16 16
Mrpl16 36
  • 84 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MRPL16 35
  • 99.87 (n)
  • 99.6 (a)
MRPL16 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mrpl16 35
  • 84.06 (n)
  • 83.67 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MRPL16 36
  • 75 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MRPL16 36
  • 69 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MRPL16 35
  • 66.82 (n)
  • 68.3 (a)
MRPL16 36
  • 64 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MRPL16 36
  • 65 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC101731117 35
  • 60.47 (n)
  • 58.85 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii mrpl16 35
  • 63.41 (n)
  • 62.79 (a)
mrpl16 36
  • 56 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.10314 35
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta mRpL16 37
  • 50 (a)
mRpL16 35
  • 50.84 (n)
  • 47.9 (a)
mRpL16 36
  • 47 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP004985 35
  • 52.49 (n)
  • 50.47 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea mrpl-16 35
  • 45.05 (n)
  • 33.33 (a)
mrpl-16 36
  • 30 (a)
Species with no ortholog for MRPL16:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for MRPL16 Gene

Gene Tree for MRPL16 (if available)
Gene Tree for MRPL16 (if available)

Paralogs for MRPL16 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for MRPL16 Gene

Variants for MRPL16 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MRPL16 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 11 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs564972849 -- 59,812,539(+) TCTAC(A/G)GATCC upstream-variant-2KB
rs564843975 -- 59,808,601(+) ACATA(A/C)CATGT intron-variant
rs563113167 -- 59,810,707(+) GCTGT(C/T)TCCTG utr-variant-5-prime
rs563071780 -- 59,811,041(+) CCTGC(C/T)GGTTG upstream-variant-2KB
rs562372806 -- 59,810,658(+) CCACA(G/T)GGTCA reference, missense

Relevant External Links for MRPL16 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MRPL16 Gene

Disorders for MRPL16 Gene

Relevant External Links for MRPL16

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator

No disorders were found for MRPL16 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , OMIM , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , University of Copenhagen DISEASES , Novoseek inferred disease relationships and Genatlas for MRPL16 Gene

Publications for MRPL16 Gene

  1. The large subunit of the mammalian mitochondrial ribosome. Analysis of the complement of ribosomal proteins present. (PMID: 11551941) Koc E.C. … Spremulli L.L. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001) 3 4
  2. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4
  4. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson S.L. … O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 48
  5. Structural compensation for the deficit of rRNA with proteins in the mammalian mitochondrial ribosome. Systematic analysis of protein components of the large ribosomal subunit from mammalian mitochondria. (PMID: 11279069) Suzuki T. … Watanabe K. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001) 3 4

Products for MRPL16 Gene

Sources for MRPL16 Gene

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