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Aliases for MPL Gene

Aliases for MPL Gene

  • MPL Proto-Oncogene, Thrombopoietin Receptor 2 3
  • Myeloproliferative Leukemia Virus Oncogene 2 3
  • Myeloproliferative Leukemia Protein 3 4
  • Proto-Oncogene C-Mpl 3 4
  • TPO-R 3 4
  • TPOR 3 4
  • CD110 Antigen 4
  • THCYT2 3
  • C-MPL 3
  • CD110 3
  • MPLV 3

External Ids for MPL Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MPL Gene

  • GC01P043746
  • GC01P042803
  • GC01P043233
  • GC01P043216
  • GC01P043472
  • GC01P043576
  • GC01P043803
  • GC01P041923

Summaries for MPL Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MPL Gene

  • In 1990 an oncogene, v-mpl, was identified from the murine myeloproliferative leukemia virus that was capable of immortalizing bone marrow hematopoietic cells from different lineages. In 1992 the human homologue, named, c-mpl, was cloned. Sequence data revealed that c-mpl encoded a protein that was homologous with members of the hematopoietic receptor superfamily. Presence of anti-sense oligodeoxynucleotides of c-mpl inhibited megakaryocyte colony formation. The ligand for c-mpl, thrombopoietin, was cloned in 1994. Thrombopoietin was shown to be the major regulator of megakaryocytopoiesis and platelet formation. The protein encoded by the c-mpl gene, CD110, is a 635 amino acid transmembrane domain, with two extracellular cytokine receptor domains and two intracellular cytokine receptor box motifs . TPO-R deficient mice were severely thrombocytopenic, emphasizing the important role of CD110 and thrombopoietin in megakaryocyte and platelet formation. Upon binding of thrombopoietin CD110 is dimerized and the JAK family of non-receptor tyrosine kinases, as well as the STAT family, the MAPK family, the adaptor protein Shc and the receptors themselves become tyrosine phosphorylated. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for MPL Gene

MPL (MPL Proto-Oncogene, Thrombopoietin Receptor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MPL include myelofibrosis and thrombocytopenia, congenital amegakaryocytic. Among its related pathways are TGF-Beta Pathway and Hemostasis. GO annotations related to this gene include transmembrane signaling receptor activity and thrombopoietin receptor activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MPL Gene

  • Receptor for thrombopoietin. May represent a regulatory molecule specific for TPO-R-dependent immune responses

Gene Wiki entry for MPL Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MPL Gene

Genomics for MPL Gene

Regulatory Elements for MPL Gene

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the MPL gene promoter:

Genomic Location for MPL Gene

43,337,418 bp from pter
43,354,464 bp from pter
17,047 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for MPL Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
GeneLoc Logo Gene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MPL Gene

Proteins for MPL Gene

  • Protein details for MPL Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Thrombopoietin receptor
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5JUZ0

    Protein attributes for MPL Gene

    635 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    71245 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer (PubMed:25538044). Interacts with ATXN2L.

    Alternative splice isoforms for MPL Gene


neXtProt entry for MPL Gene

Proteomics data for MPL Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for MPL Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys-553 and Lys-573 targets MPL for degradation by both the lysosomal and proteasomal pathways. The E3 ubiquitin-protein ligase CBL significantly contributes to this ubiquitination.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys 553 and Lys 573
  • Glycosylation at Asn 117, Asn 178, Asn 298, and Asn 358
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for MPL Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for MPL (Thrombopoietin R/Tpo R)
  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for MPL (Mpl)

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MPL Gene

Domains & Families for MPL Gene

Protein Domains for MPL Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MPL Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • The WSXWS motif appears to be necessary for proper protein folding and thereby efficient intracellular transport and cell-surface receptor binding
  • Belongs to the type I cytokine receptor family. Type 1 subfamily.
  • The WSXWS motif appears to be necessary for proper protein folding and thereby efficient intracellular transport and cell-surface receptor binding
  • The box 1 motif is required for JAK interaction and/or activation
  • Contains 2 fibronectin type-III domains.
  • Belongs to the type I cytokine receptor family. Type 1 subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MPL: view

Function for MPL Gene

Molecular function for MPL Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
myeloproliferative leukemia virus oncogene homolog,hematopoietic growth factor receptor superfamily
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Receptor for thrombopoietin. May represent a regulatory molecule specific for TPO-R-dependent immune responses

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MPL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004888 transmembrane signaling receptor activity TAS 8020956
GO:0004896 cytokine receptor activity --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 24931576
GO:0038164 thrombopoietin receptor activity IMP 25538044
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MPL: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MPL: view

Animal Models for MPL Gene

MGI Knock Outs for MPL:

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MPL Gene

Localization for MPL Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MPL Gene

Cell membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein. Golgi apparatus. Cell surface.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for MPL Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MPL gene
Compartment Confidence
golgi apparatus 5
plasma membrane 4
extracellular 2
cytoskeleton 1
cytosol 1
nucleus 1
vacuole 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MPL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005794 Golgi apparatus IDA 25538044
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0005887 integral component of plasma membrane TAS 8020956
GO:0009986 cell surface IDA 25538044
GO:0016020 membrane --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MPL: view

Pathways & Interactions for MPL Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MPL: view

Pathways by source for MPL Gene

PCR Array Products

  • Pathway & Disease-focused RT² Profiler PCR Arrays

SIGNOR curated interactions for MPL Gene

Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MPL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007166 cell surface receptor signaling pathway TAS 8020956
GO:0007596 blood coagulation TAS --
GO:0008283 cell proliferation TAS 8020956
GO:0010628 positive regulation of gene expression IEA --
GO:0019221 cytokine-mediated signaling pathway --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MPL: view

Drugs & Compounds for MPL Gene

(16) Drugs for MPL Gene - From: NovoSeek, DGIdb, DrugBank, IUPHAR, and ApexBio

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Eltrombopag Approved Pharma agonist, Target 0
Romiplostim Approved Pharma inhibitor, Target, agonist 0
Anagrelide Approved Pharma 21
Aspirin Approved Pharma Channel blocker 971
Iron Approved Pharma 957

(11) Additional Compounds for MPL Gene - From: NovoSeek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-diphosphate
Antagonist, Gating inhibitor 58-64-0
GP 130
Partial agonist, Agonist
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with MPL: view

Transcripts for MPL Gene

mRNA/cDNA for MPL Gene

(2) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(3) Additional mRNA sequences :
(4) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(3) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for MPL Gene

Myeloproliferative leukemia virus oncogene:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MPL Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11 ^ 12
SP1: -
SP2: - -

Relevant External Links for MPL Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MPL Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MPL Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MPL Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (35.6), Heart (23.0), and Platelet (10.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for MPL Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MPL Gene Hs.82906

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MPL Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed at a low level in a large number of cells of hematopoietic origin. Isoform 1 and isoform 2 are always found to be coexpressed
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MPL: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MPL Gene

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for MPL Gene

Orthologs for MPL Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for MPL Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MPL 35
  • 86.78 (n)
  • 81.99 (a)
MPL 36
  • 81 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mpl 35
  • 85.15 (n)
  • 81.52 (a)
Mpl 16
Mpl 36
  • 82 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mpl 35
  • 84.38 (n)
  • 80.76 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MPL 36
  • 83 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MPL 36
  • 48 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MPL 35
  • 52.94 (n)
  • 42.1 (a)
MPL 36
  • 34 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MPL 36
  • 30 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii mpl 35
  • 41.17 (n)
  • 28.35 (a)
mpl 36
  • 19 (a)
Species with no ortholog for MPL:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for MPL Gene

Gene Tree for MPL (if available)
Gene Tree for MPL (if available)

Paralogs for MPL Gene

No data available for Paralogs for MPL Gene

Variants for MPL Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MPL Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs6085 -- 43,352,497(+) CCAGC(A/G)CCTCT intron-variant
rs6086 -- 43,338,229(+) TACCC(A/G)CGGTA synonymous-codon, reference
rs6087 - 43,338,192(+) GGCAG(C/T)GCCCA reference, missense
rs6088 - 43,339,381(+) GGTAC(A/G)AACTC missense, reference
rs710252 -- 43,337,551(+) TAATC(A/G)TTAGC upstream-variant-2KB, utr-variant-5-prime

Variation tolerance for MPL Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 79.66% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.49; 55.27% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for MPL Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

PCR Panel Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MPL Gene

Disorders for MPL Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(30) MalaCards diseases for MPL Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, NovoSeek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • myelosclerosis
thrombocytopenia, congenital amegakaryocytic
  • congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia
thrombocythemia 2
  • mpl-related essential thrombocythemia
hemorrhagic thrombocythemia
  • essential thrombocythaemia
essential thrombocythemia
  • essential thrombocytosis
- elite association
Search MPL in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Congenital amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia (CAMT) [MIM:604498]: Disease characterized by isolated thrombocytopenia and megakaryocytopenia with no physical anomalies. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16470591}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Myelofibrosis with myeloid metaplasia (MMM) [MIM:254450]: A chronic myeloproliferative disorder characterized by replacement of the bone marrow by fibrous tissue, extramedullary hematopoiesis, anemia, leukoerythroblastosis and hepatosplenomegaly. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:16834459, ECO:0000269 PubMed:16868251}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Thrombocythemia 2 (THCYT2) [MIM:601977]: A myeloproliferative disorder characterized by excessive platelet production, resulting in increased numbers of circulating platelets. It can be associated with spontaneous hemorrhages and thrombotic episodes. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:14764528, ECO:0000269 PubMed:23441089, ECO:0000269 PubMed:25538044}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for MPL

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Tumor Gene Database (TGDB):
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MPL: view

No data available for Genatlas for MPL Gene

Publications for MPL Gene

  1. Ubiquitination and degradation of the thrombopoietin receptor c- Mpl. (PMID: 19880496) Saur S.J. … Hitchcock I.S. (Blood 2010) 23 67
  2. Screening for MPL mutations in essential thrombocythemia and primary myelofibrosis: normal Mpl expression and absence of constitutive STAT3 and STAT5 activation in MPLW515L-positive platelets. (PMID: 20113333) Glembotsky A.C. … Heller P.G. (Eur. J. Haematol. 2010) 23 67
  3. Mouse monoclonal antibodies against human c-Mpl and characterization for flow cytometry applications. (PMID: 20443702) Abbott C. … Wei P. (Hybridoma (Larchmt) 2010) 23 67
  4. Incorporating novel agents in the treatment of myelodysplastic syndromes. (PMID: 19656566) Anargyrou K. … Terpos E. (Leuk. Res. 2010) 23 67
  5. Pronounced thrombocytosis in transgenic mice expressing reduced levels of Mpl in platelets and terminally differentiated megakaryocytes. (PMID: 18845793) Tiedt R. … Skoda R.C. (Blood 2009) 23 67

Products for MPL Gene

Sources for MPL Gene

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