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Aliases for MPG Gene

Aliases for MPG Gene

  • N-Methylpurine DNA Glycosylase 2 3 5
  • 3-Methyladenine DNA Glycosidase 3 4
  • 3-Alkyladenine DNA Glycosylase 3 4
  • Mid1 3 4
  • Anpg 3 4
  • ADPG 3 4
  • AAG 3 4
  • 3 End Of The Mid1 Gene, Localized 68 Kb Upstream The Humanzeta Globin Gene On 16p 3
  • CRA36.1 (3-Methyl-Adenine DNA Glycosylase) 3
  • N-Methylpurine-DNA Glycosylase, MPG 3
  • Proliferation-Inducing Protein 11 3
  • Proliferation-Inducing Protein 16 3
  • N-Methylpurine-DNA Glycosylase 4
  • Alkyladenine DNA Glycosylase 2
  • EC 4
  • CRA36.1 3
  • PIG11 3
  • PIG16 3
  • APNG 3
  • MDG 3

External Ids for MPG Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MPG Gene

  • GC16P000148
  • GC16P000067
  • GC16P000069
  • GC16P000068
  • GC16P000127
  • GC16P000046
  • GC16P000087
  • GC16P000097

Summaries for MPG Gene

GeneCards Summary for MPG Gene

MPG (N-Methylpurine DNA Glycosylase) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are DNA Double-Strand Break Repair and Depurination. GO annotations related to this gene include damaged DNA binding and DNA-3-methyladenine glycosylase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MPG Gene

  • Hydrolysis of the deoxyribose N-glycosidic bond to excise 3-methyladenine, and 7-methylguanine from the damaged DNA polymer formed by alkylation lesions.

Gene Wiki entry for MPG Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MPG Gene

Genomics for MPG Gene

Regulatory Elements for MPG Gene

Enhancers for MPG Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around MPG on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for MPG Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around MPG on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the MPG gene promoter:

Genomic Location for MPG Gene

77,007 bp from pter
85,853 bp from pter
8,847 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for MPG Gene

Genes around MPG on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MPG Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MPG Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MPG Gene

Proteins for MPG Gene

  • Protein details for MPG Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    DNA-3-methyladenine glycosylase
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • G5E9E2
    • Q13770
    • Q15275
    • Q15961
    • Q5J9I4
    • Q96BZ6
    • Q96S33
    • Q9NNX5

    Protein attributes for MPG Gene

    298 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    32869 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Binds MBD1. Binds SSBP1.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MPG Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for MPG Gene


neXtProt entry for MPG Gene

Proteomics data for MPG Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for MPG Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 80 and Lys 229
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for MPG Gene

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MPG Gene

Domains & Families for MPG Gene

Gene Families for MPG Gene

Protein Domains for MPG Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MPG Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the DNA glycosylase MPG family.
  • Belongs to the DNA glycosylase MPG family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MPG: view

Function for MPG Gene

Molecular function for MPG Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
DNA glycosylase,3-methyl-adenine,base excision repair
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Hydrolysis of alkylated DNA, releasing 3-methyladenine, 3-methylguanine, 7-methylguanine and 7-methyladenine.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot EnzymeRegulation:
Binding to SSBP1 in mitochondria inhibits glycosylase activity in the context of a single-stranded DNA (ssDNA), but not a double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) substrates.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Hydrolysis of the deoxyribose N-glycosidic bond to excise 3-methyladenine, and 7-methylguanine from the damaged DNA polymer formed by alkylation lesions.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for MPG Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MPG Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003684 damaged DNA binding TAS 10854423
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 18482256
GO:0019104 DNA N-glycosylase activity TAS --
GO:0043916 DNA-7-methylguanine glycosylase activity IEA --
GO:0052822 DNA-3-methylguanine glycosylase activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MPG: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MPG: view

Animal Models for MPG Gene

MGI Knock Outs for MPG:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for MPG Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target MPG

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MPG Gene

Localization for MPG Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MPG Gene

Cytoplasm. Mitochondrion matrix, mitochondrion nucleoid. Nucleus.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for MPG Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MPG gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
mitochondrion 4
chloroplast 2
cytoskeleton 2
cytosol 2
endoplasmic reticulum 1
plasma membrane 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MPG Gene

Pathways & Interactions for MPG Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MPG: view

Pathways by source for MPG Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MPG Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006284 base-excision repair IEA,TAS 10854423
GO:0045007 depurination TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MPG: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for MPG Gene

Drugs & Compounds for MPG Gene

(16) Drugs for MPG Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Loperamide Approved Pharma 134
3-Methyladenine Experimental Pharma Class III PI3K inhibitor 0

(21) Additional Compounds for MPG Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • 3-Methyl-Guanine (VAN) (8CI)
  • 3-Methylguanine
  • 7-Dihydro-3-methyl-2-amino-3-6H-Purin-6-one
  • 7-Dihydro-3-methyl-2-amino-3-6H-Purin-6-one (9CI)
  • N3-Methylguanine
  • 2-Amino-1,7-dihydroxy-7-methyl-6H-purine-6-one
  • 2-Amino-6-hydroxy-7-methylpurine
  • 2-Amino-7-methylhypoxanthine
  • 7-Methyl-Guanine
  • 7-Methyl-Guanine (8CI)
  • 6-Amino-7-methylpurine
  • 7-Methyl-7H-purin-6-amine
  • 7-Methyl-7H-purin-6-amine (ACD/Name 4.0)
  • 7-Methyl-7H-purin-6-ylamine (ACD/Name 4.0)
  • 7-Methyl-N7-Methyladenine
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with MPG: view

Transcripts for MPG Gene

Unigene Clusters for MPG Gene

N-methylpurine-DNA glycosylase:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MPG Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for MPG Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MPG Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MPG Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MPG Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (24.3), Blymphocyte (7.0), and Lymph node (6.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for MPG Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MPG Gene Hs.459596

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MPG: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MPG Gene

- Elite partner

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MPG Gene

Orthologs for MPG Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for MPG Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MPG 35
  • 80.75 (n)
  • 78.7 (a)
MPG 36
  • 74 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MPG 35
  • 82.73 (n)
  • 82.01 (a)
MPG 36
  • 80 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mpg 35
  • 79.36 (n)
  • 81.15 (a)
Mpg 16
Mpg 36
  • 63 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mpg 35
  • 77.08 (n)
  • 78.07 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MPG 36
  • 65 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MPG 36
  • 82 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MPG 35
  • 63.76 (n)
  • 60.17 (a)
MPG 36
  • 53 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MPG 36
  • 56 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC549932 35
  • 58.52 (n)
  • 60.63 (a)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.16168 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii mpg 35
  • 59.76 (n)
  • 60.98 (a)
mpg 36
  • 48 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 43 (a)
Species with no ortholog for MPG:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for MPG Gene

Gene Tree for MPG (if available)
Gene Tree for MPG (if available)

Paralogs for MPG Gene

No data available for Paralogs for MPG Gene

Variants for MPG Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MPG Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_014831 -
VAR_014832 -
VAR_014833 -
VAR_014834 -
VAR_014835 -

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MPG Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv904623 CNV Gain+Loss 21882294
dgv2455n71 CNV Loss 21882294
esv2422427 CNV Duplication 17116639
dgv789e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv518291 CNV Loss 19592680
dgv2456n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv904628 CNV Loss 21882294
dgv2457n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv904631 CNV Loss 21882294
esv32706 CNV Loss 17666407
nsv9317 CNV Gain 18304495
esv26636 CNV Gain+Loss 19812545
nsv820705 CNV Duplication 20802225
esv1240373 CNV Deletion 17803354
esv996836 CNV Insertion 20482838
esv1393228 CNV Insertion 17803354
nsv904634 CNV Loss 21882294

Variation tolerance for MPG Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 75.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.42; 27.91% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for MPG Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MPG Gene

Disorders for MPG Gene

Relevant External Links for MPG

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for MPG Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for MPG Gene

Publications for MPG Gene

  1. Cloning and expression in Escherichia coli of a human cDNA encoding the DNA repair protein N-methylpurine-DNA glycosylase. (PMID: 1874728) Chakravarti D. … Mitra S. (J. Biol. Chem. 1991) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Hopping enables a DNA repair glycosylase to search both strands and bypass a bound protein. (PMID: 20201599) Hedglin M. … O'Brien P.J. (ACS Chem. Biol. 2010) 3 23
  3. Frameshift mutagenesis and microsatellite instability induced by human alkyladenine DNA glycosylase. (PMID: 20347426) Klapacz J. … Samson L.D. (Mol. Cell 2010) 3 23
  4. Recognition and processing of a new repertoire of DNA substrates by human 3-methyladenine DNA glycosylase (AAG). (PMID: 19219989) Lee C.Y. … Samson L.D. (Biochemistry 2009) 3 23
  5. Excised damaged base determines the turnover of human N-methylpurine-DNA glycosylase. (PMID: 19616486) Adhikari S. … Roy R. (DNA Repair (Amst.) 2009) 3 23

Products for MPG Gene

Sources for MPG Gene