Aliases for MITF Gene
External Ids for MITF Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MITF Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MITF Gene
This gene encodes a transcription factor that contains both basic helix-loop-helix and leucine zipper structural features. It regulates the differentiation and development of melanocytes retinal pigment epithelium and is also responsible for pigment cell-specific transcription of the melanogenesis enzyme genes. Heterozygous mutations in the this gene cause auditory-pigmentary syndromes, such as Waardenburg syndrome type 2 and Tietz syndrome. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MITF Gene
MITF (Microphthalmia-Associated Transcription Factor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MITF include waardenburg syndrome, type 2a and melanoma, cutaneous malignant 8. Among its related pathways are Glioma and Pathways in cancer. GO annotations related to this gene include chromatin binding and RNA polymerase II distal enhancer sequence-specific DNA binding transcription factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is TFEC.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MITF Gene
Transcription factor that regulates the expression of genes with essential roles in cell differentiation, proliferation and survival. Binds to symmetrical DNA sequences (E-boxes) (5-CACGTG-3) found in the promoters of target genes, such as BCL2 and tyrosinase (TYR). Plays an important role in melanocyte development by regulating the expression of tyrosinase (TYR) and tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TYRP1). Plays a critical role in the differentiation of various cell types, such as neural crest-derived melanocytes, mast cells, osteoclasts and optic cup-derived retinal pigment epithelium.