Subcategory (RNA class) for MIR96 Gene
Quality Score for this RNA gene is
Aliases for MIR96 Gene
ORGUL Members for MIR96 Gene
Previous Symbols for MIR96 Gene
microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. The microRNA encoded by this gene has been shown to down-regulate production of FOXO1, FOXO3, and microphthalmia-associated transcription factor-M, resulting in metastasis of certain tumors. Also, point mutations in the seed region of this microRNA are a cause of autosomal dominant, progressive hearing loss. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]
GeneCards Summary for MIR96 Gene
MIR96 (MicroRNA 96) is a RNA Gene, and belongs to miRNA RNA class. Diseases associated with MIR96 include deafness, autosomal dominant 50 and dfna50 nonsyndromic hearing loss and deafness. Among its related pathways are MicroRNAs in cancer.