Subcategory (RNA class) for MIR664B Gene
Quality Score for this RNA gene is
Aliases for MIR664B Gene
External Ids for MIR664B Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MIR664B Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MIR664B Gene
microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]
GeneCards Summary for MIR664B Gene
MIR664B (MicroRNA 664b) is an RNA Gene, and is affiliated with the miRNA class. Diseases associated with MIR664B include Dyskeratosis Congenita and Dyskeratosis Congenita, X-Linked. Among its related pathways are Chromosome Maintenance and rRNA processing in the nucleus and cytosol.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MIR664B Gene
Isoform 1: Required for ribosome biogenesis and telomere maintenance. Probable catalytic subunit of H/ACA small nucleolar ribonucleoprotein (H/ACA snoRNP) complex, which catalyzes pseudouridylation of rRNA. This involves the isomerization of uridine such that the ribose is subsequently attached to C5, instead of the normal N1. Each rRNA can contain up to 100 pseudouridine (psi) residues, which may serve to stabilize the conformation of rRNAs. Also required for correct processing or intranuclear trafficking of TERC, the RNA component of the telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) holoenzyme.
Isoform 3: Promotes cell to cell and cell to substratum adhesion, increases the cell proliferation rate and leads to cytokeratin hyper-expression (when overexpressed in HeLa cells).