Subcategory (RNA class) for MIR636 Gene
Quality Score for this RNA gene is
Aliases for MIR636 Gene
External Ids for MIR636 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MIR636 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MIR636 Gene
microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]
GeneCards Summary for MIR636 Gene
MIR636 (MicroRNA 636) is an RNA Gene, and is affiliated with the lncRNA class. Among its related pathways are Transport of Mature Transcript to Cytoplasm and mRNA Splicing - Major Pathway. An important paralog of this gene is SRSF8.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MIR636 Gene
Necessary for the splicing of pre-mRNA. It is required for formation of the earliest ATP-dependent splicing complex and interacts with spliceosomal components bound to both the 5- and 3-splice sites during spliceosome assembly. It also is required for ATP-dependent interactions of both U1 and U2 snRNPs with pre-mRNA. Interacts with other spliceosomal components, via the RS domains, to form a bridge between the 5- and 3-splice site binding components, U1 snRNP and U2AF. Binds to purine-rich RNA sequences, either 5-AGSAGAGTA-3 (S=C or G) or 5-GTTCGAGTA-3. Can bind to beta-globin mRNA and commit it to the splicing pathway. The phosphorylated form (by SRPK2) is required for cellular apoptosis in response to cisplatin treatment.
fRNAdb sequence ontologies for MIR636 Gene
nc_conserved_region: Non-coding region of sequence similarity by descent from a common ancestor.