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MIR452 Gene

RNA gene   GIFtS: 19
GCID: GC0XM151128

MicroRNA 452


(Previous symbol: MIRN452)
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(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
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Subcategory (RNA class): miRNA

Quality score for this RNA gene is 3

Aliases
MicroRNA 4521 2
MIRN4521 2
hsa-mir-4522
mir-4529

External Ids:    HGNC: 320541   Entrez Gene: 5744122   Ensembl: ENSG000002077537   
ORGUL members:    fRNAdb10:FR509925 FR324287      
miRBase: MI0001733    

Export aliases for MIR452 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifer: GC0XM150878


(According to Entrez Gene, GeneCards, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
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Entrez Gene summary for MIR452 Gene:
microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of
gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are
transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can
be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme
to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the
cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The
mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through
imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of
the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. (provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009)

GeneCards Summary for MIR452 Gene:
MIR452 (microRNA 452) is an RNA gene, and is affiliated with the miRNA class.




(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 75), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
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Regulatory elements:
   Search for regulatory transcription factor binding sites for MIR452
         Other transcription factors

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Epigenetics:
DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human, mouse, rat MIR452


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: Xq28   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  Xq28   HGNC cytogenetic band: Xq28

MIR452 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
MIR452 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome X         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC0XM151128:  view genomic region (via miRBase)     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
151,128,100 bp from pter      End:
151,128,184 bp from pter
Size:
85 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to 1UniProtKB, HORDE, 2neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., and/or eBioscience,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, Cloud-Clone Corp., and/or eBioscience, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, Abcam, Cloud-Clone Corp, and/or others.)
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UniProtKB: --


(According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
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HGNC Gene Families:
MIR: ncRNAs / Micro RNAs

  --

(According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway,
transcription factor targeting from QIAGEN and/or HOMER, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Clones from OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs and/or Addgene, Cell Lines from GenScript, ESI BIO, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Flow cytometry from eBioscience, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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Animal Models:
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(According to UniProtKB, COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization database, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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  --

(SuperPaths according to PathCards, Pathways according to R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to QIAGEN, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene).
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    Custom Pathway & Disease-focused RT2 Profiler PCR Arrays for MIR452
Interactions:

    Search GeneGlobe Interaction Network for MIR452

(Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, ApexBio, HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB)
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(Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics,
Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and/or Addgene, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, Flow cytometry from eBioscience )
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1 Ensembl transcript including schematic representation, and UCSC links where relevant:
ENST00000385020(miRNA)
miRNA
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GeneLoc Exon Structure


(RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MaxQB, plus additional links to SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
PCR Arrays from QIAGEN, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
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Expression evidence for MIR452:none

MIR452 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
CGAP TAG: --
MIR452 Expression
About this image


MIR452 expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells    About this table
Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database
 selected tissues (see all 2) fully expand
 
 Umbilical Cord (Extraembryonic Tissues)
         Umbilical cord blood-derived endothelial progenitor cells
 
 Endothelium (Cardiovascular System)
         Umbilical cord blood-derived endothelial progenitor cells
MIR452 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MaxQB3 --
    Custom PCR Arrays for MIR452
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In Situ
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(Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
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  --

ENSEMBL Gene Tree for MIR452 (if available)
TreeFam Gene Tree for MIR452 (if available)

(Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
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  --

(SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD), the Human Cytochrome P450 Allele Nomenclature Database, and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays, and Copy Number PCR Arrays from QIAGEN)
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Structural Variations
     Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 1 variation for MIR452:    About this table    
Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
nsv510867CNV Loss20534489

Site Specific Mutation Identification with PCR Assays
Search QIAGEN SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing MIR452
DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for MIR452

(in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
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  --

(in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
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PubMed articles for MIR452 gene integrated from 10 sources:
(articles sorted by number of sources associating them with MIR452)
    Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
world of online information

  1. Downregulation of miR-452 promotes stem-like traits and tumorigenicity of gliomas. (PubMed id 23695168)1 Liu L....Song L. (Clin. Cancer Res. 2013)
  2. MiRNA expression in urothelial carcinomas: important roles of miR-10a, miR-222, miR-125b, miR-7 and miR-452 for tumor stage and metastasis, and frequent homozygous losses of miR-31. (PubMed id 19127597)1 Veerla S....HAPglund M. (Int. J. Cancer 2009)
  3. Patterns of known and novel small RNAs in human cervical cancer. (PubMed id 17616659)1 Lui W.O....Fire A. (Cancer Res. 2007)
  4. A mammalian microRNA expression atlas based on small RNA library sequencing. (PubMed id 17604727)1 Landgraf P....Tuschl T. (Cell 2007)
  5. miRBase: microRNA sequences, targets and gene nomenclature. (PubMed id 16381832)1 Griffiths-Jones S....Enright A.J. (Nucleic Acids Res. 2006)
  6. Identification of hundreds of conserved and nonconserved human microRNAs. (PubMed id 15965474)1 Bentwich I....Bentwich Z. (Nat. Genet. 2005)
  7. Clustering and conservation patterns of human microRNAs. (PubMed id 15891114)1 Altuvia Y....Margalit H. (Nucleic Acids Res. 2005)
  8. Identification of clustered microRNAs using an ab initio prediction method. (PubMed id 16274478)1 Sewer A....Zavolan M. (BMC Bioinformatics 2005)

(in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
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 ANDOR
Aliases
Free Text  

  Query String
PubMed
OMIM
NCBI Bookshelf
  (Note: In FireFox, select the above section and copy using Ctrl-C)

(According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
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Entrez Gene: 574412 HGNC: 32054 Ensembl:ENSG00000207753 miRBase: hsa-mir-452 euGenes: HUgn574412
ECgene: MIR452 H-InvDB: MIR452

(According to HUGE)
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  --

(According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL, and/or others, e.g. Wikipedia and GeneReviews, via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
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NameDescription
PharmGKB entry for MIR452 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

(Patent information from GeneIP,
Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
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Patent Information for MIR452 gene:
Search GeneIP for patents involving MIR452

GeneCards and IP:
Japan Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     European Patent Office Licenses GeneCards     Improving the IP Search



(Antibodies, recombinant proteins, and assays from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, QIAGEN, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, Enzo Life Sciences, Abcam, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., Thermo Fisher Scientific, LSBio, eBioscience, and/or others, Gene Editing from DNA2.0. Clones from OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, SwitchGear Genomics, Vector BioLabs, Addgene, Cell lines from GenScript, and ESI BIO, Flow cytometery from eBioscience, PCR Arrays from QIAGEN, Drugs and/or compounds from EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or ApexBio, In Situ Hybridization Assays from
Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Animal models from inGenious Targeting Laboratory, genOway)
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