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Aliases for MIR331 Gene

Subcategory (RNA class) for MIR331 Gene


Quality Score for this RNA gene is


Aliases for MIR331 Gene

  • MicroRNA 331 2 3
  • Hsa-Mir-331 3
  • Mir-331 3
  • MIRN331 3

External Ids for MIR331 Gene

ORGUL Members for MIR331 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for MIR331 Gene

  • MIRN331

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MIR331 Gene

  • GC12P094227
  • GC12P095702

Summaries for MIR331 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MIR331 Gene

  • microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]

GeneCards Summary for MIR331 Gene

MIR331 (MicroRNA 331) is an RNA Gene, and is affiliated with the miRNA class. Among its related pathways are MicroRNAs in cancer.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MIR331 Gene

Genomics for MIR331 Gene

Genomic Location for MIR331 Gene

95,308,410 bp from pter
95,308,520 bp from pter
111 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for MIR331 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for MIR331 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MIR331 Gene

No data available for Regulatory Elements for MIR331 Gene

Proteins for MIR331 Gene

Post-translational modifications for MIR331 Gene

No Post-translational modifications

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MIR331 Gene

Domains & Families for MIR331 Gene

Gene Families for MIR331 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MIR331: view

No data available for Protein Domains , Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MIR331 Gene

Function for MIR331 Gene

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Phenotypes , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MIR331 Gene

Localization for MIR331 Gene

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MIR331 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for MIR331 Gene

SuperPathways for MIR331 Gene

Superpath Contained pathways
1 MicroRNAs in cancer
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MIR331: view

Pathways by source for MIR331 Gene

1 KEGG pathway for MIR331 Gene

Interacting Proteins for MIR331 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MIR331 Gene


No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for MIR331 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for MIR331 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for MIR331 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for MIR331 Gene

(2) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MIR331 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for MIR331 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MIR331 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MIR331 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MIR331: view

Primer Products

  • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
  • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Protein tissue co-expression partners for MIR331 Gene

Orthologs for MIR331 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for MIR331 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia bta-mir-331 36
  • 99 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia cfa-mir-331 36
  • 99 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mir331 36
  • 95 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia ptr-mir-331 36
  • 100 (a)
Species with no ortholog for MIR331:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for MIR331 Gene

Gene Tree for MIR331 (if available)
Gene Tree for MIR331 (if available)

Paralogs for MIR331 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for MIR331 Gene

Variants for MIR331 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MIR331 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs11107972 -- 95,307,016(+) AACCA(A/G)AAAGA upstream-variant-2KB
rs11613045 -- 95,307,194(+) tcaag(A/C)ccagc upstream-variant-2KB
rs35321521 -- 95,307,721(+) AAAAA(-/AAA)GAAGG upstream-variant-2KB
rs35608215 -- 95,306,848(+) ATCTC(-/A)AAAAA upstream-variant-2KB
rs35737431 -- 95,307,152(+) TTTGA(-/A)GAGGC upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MIR331 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv7234 OTHER Inversion 18451855

Relevant External Links for MIR331 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Variation tolerance for MIR331 Gene

Disorders for MIR331 Gene

Relevant External Links for MIR331

Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MIR331: view

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for MIR331 Gene

Publications for MIR331 Gene

  1. MicroRNA-331-3p promotes proliferation and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma by targeting PH domain and leucine-rich repeat protein phosphatase. (PMID: 24825302) Chang R.M. … Yang L.Y. (Hepatology 2014) 67
  2. Lnc RNA HOTAIR functions as a competing endogenous RNA to regulate HER2 expression by sponging miR-331-3p in gastric cancer. (PMID: 24775712) Liu X.H. … Wang Z.X. (Mol. Cancer 2014) 67
  3. Differential expression of microRNAs in plasma of patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma: potential early-detection markers for laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. (PMID: 23817697) Ayaz L. … Tamer L. (J. Cancer Res. Clin. Oncol. 2013) 67
  4. The RNA-binding protein HuR opposes the repression of ERBB-2 gene expression by microRNA miR-331-3p in prostate cancer cells. (PMID: 21971048) Epis M.R. … Leedman P.J. (J. Biol. Chem. 2011) 67
  5. miRBase: integrating microRNA annotation and deep-sequencing data. (PMID: 21037258) Kozomara A. … Griffiths-Jones S. (Nucleic Acids Res. 2011) 67

Products for MIR331 Gene

Sources for MIR331 Gene

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