Subcategory (RNA class) for MIR3198-2 Gene
Quality Score for this RNA gene is
Aliases for MIR3198-2 Gene
External Ids for MIR3198-2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MIR3198-2 Gene
microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2009]
GeneCards Summary for MIR3198-2 Gene
MIR3198-2 (MicroRNA 3198-2) is an RNA Gene, and is affiliated with the miRNA class. An important paralog of this gene is CBX1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MIR3198-2 Gene
Component of heterochromatin that recognizes and binds histone H3 tails methylated at Lys-9 (H3K9me), leading to epigenetic repression. In contrast, it is excluded from chromatin when Tyr-41 of histone H3 is phosphorylated (H3Y41ph). Can interact with lamin-B receptor (LBR). This interaction can contribute to the association of the heterochromatin with the inner nuclear membrane. Involved in the formation of functional kinetochore through interaction with MIS12 complex proteins.