Subcategory (RNA class) for MIR183 Gene
Quality Score for this RNA gene is
ORGUL Members for MIR183 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MIR183 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MIR183 Gene
microRNAs (miRNAs) are short (20-24 nt) non-coding RNAs that are involved in post-transcriptional regulation of gene expression in multicellular organisms by affecting both the stability and translation of mRNAs. miRNAs are transcribed by RNA polymerase II as part of capped and polyadenylated primary transcripts (pri-miRNAs) that can be either protein-coding or non-coding. The primary transcript is cleaved by the Drosha ribonuclease III enzyme to produce an approximately 70-nt stem-loop precursor miRNA (pre-miRNA), which is further cleaved by the cytoplasmic Dicer ribonuclease to generate the mature miRNA and antisense miRNA star (miRNA*) products. The mature miRNA is incorporated into a RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC), which recognizes target mRNAs through imperfect base pairing with the miRNA and most commonly results in translational inhibition or destabilization of the target mRNA. The RefSeq represents the predicted microRNA stem-loop. The microRNA encoded by this gene has been shown to inhibit metastasis in lung cancer by down-regulating the expression of ezrin and other genes involved in migration and invasion of cancer cells. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2010]
GeneCards Summary for MIR183 Gene
fRNAdb sequence ontologies for MIR183 Gene - the ORGUL cluster for this gene includes several descriptions:
miRNA: Small, ~22-nt, RNA molecule that is the endogenous transcript of a miRNA gene. Micro RNAs are produced from precursor molecules (SO:0000647) that can form local hairpin structures, which ordinarily are processed (via the Dicer pathway) such that a single miRNA molecule accumulates from one arm of a hairpin precursor molecule. Micro RNAs may trigger the cleavage of their target molecules or act as translational repressors.
nc_conserved_region: Non-coding region of sequence similarity by descent from a common ancestor.