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Aliases for MIF Gene

Aliases for MIF Gene

  • Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (Glycosylation-Inhibiting Factor) 2 3 5
  • Phenylpyruvate Tautomerase 3 4
  • L-Dopachrome Tautomerase 3 4
  • L-Dopachrome Isomerase 3 4
  • GLIF 3 4
  • MMIF 3 4
  • GIF 3 4
  • Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor 3
  • Glycosylation-Inhibiting Factor 4
  • EC 4
  • EC 4

External Ids for MIF Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for MIF Gene

  • GLIF

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MIF Gene

  • GC22P020896
  • GC22P022560
  • GC22P022561
  • GC22P022369
  • GC22P024236
  • GC22P007221

Summaries for MIF Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MIF Gene

  • This gene encodes a lymphokine involved in cell-mediated immunity, immunoregulation, and inflammation. It plays a role in the regulation of macrophage function in host defense through the suppression of anti-inflammatory effects of glucocorticoids. This lymphokine and the JAB1 protein form a complex in the cytosol near the peripheral plasma membrane, which may indicate an additional role in integrin signaling pathways. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for MIF Gene

MIF (Macrophage Migration Inhibitory Factor (Glycosylation-Inhibiting Factor)) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MIF include Rheumatoid Arthritis, Systemic Juvenile and Pulmonary Hemosiderosis. Among its related pathways are Innate Immune System and Spinal Cord Injury. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor binding and cytokine receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is DDTL.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MIF Gene

  • Pro-inflammatory cytokine. Involved in the innate immune response to bacterial pathogens. The expression of MIF at sites of inflammation suggests a role as mediator in regulating the function of macrophages in host defense. Counteracts the anti-inflammatory activity of glucocorticoids. Has phenylpyruvate tautomerase and dopachrome tautomerase activity (in vitro), but the physiological substrate is not known. It is not clear whether the tautomerase activity has any physiological relevance, and whether it is important for cytokine activity.

Tocris Summary for MIF Gene

  • Cytokines are proteinaceous signaling compounds that are major mediators of the immune response. They control many different cellular functions including proliferation, differentiation and cell survival/apoptosis but are also involved in several pathophysiological processes.

Gene Wiki entry for MIF Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MIF Gene

Genomics for MIF Gene

Regulatory Elements for MIF Gene

Enhancers for MIF Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH22G024058 1 Ensembl ENCODE 10.4 +166.0 166018 3.3 FOXA2 JUN ZIC2 RAD21 ZNF121 SCRT2 NR2F6 FOS MAFK SCRT1 SUSD2 MIF MIF-AS1 RN7SL268P ENSG00000251357 SLC2A11 POM121L9P ENSG00000232545 CABIN1
GH22G023692 1 Ensembl ENCODE 10.4 -198.8 -198821 6.3 CTCF EBF1 ZNF121 POLR2A EED ETV6 IKZF2 CREM SCRT1 ZNF680 ENSG00000234353 C22orf15 CHCHD10 MMP11 VPREB3 ZNF70 SMARCB1 ENSG00000251357 SLC2A11 RN7SL268P
GH22G023815 1 dbSUPER 10.3 -78.9 -78886 0.5 HDGF FOXA2 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF48 GLIS2 ZNF143 KLF7 KLF13 SMARCB1 DERL3 MMP11 CHCHD10 C22orf15 SLC2A11 ENSG00000251357 RN7SL268P MIF MIF-AS1
GH22G023804 1 ENCODE dbSUPER 10.1 -88.3 -88339 1.8 CTCF HDGF ELF3 MXI1 ZNF76 ZNF324 ZFHX2 POLR2A EED PATZ1 MMP11 CHCHD10 SMARCB1 C22orf15 SLC2A11 ENSG00000251357 RN7SL268P MIF GUSBP11 MIF-AS1
GH22G024042 0.9 ENCODE 10.7 +149.3 149310 0.7 ELF3 FOXA2 MLX ZSCAN4 ARID4B ZSCAN9 RAD21 RARA YY1 FOS MIF-AS1 MIF RN7SL268P ENSG00000251357 SLC2A11 CABIN1 ENSG00000232545
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around MIF on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for MIF Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000144308 796 1601 HDGF CREB3L1 AGO1 WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 ZNF416 ZNF143 ZNF207

Genomic Location for MIF Gene

23,894,004 bp from pter
23,895,227 bp from pter
1,224 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for MIF Gene

Genes around MIF on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MIF Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MIF Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MIF Gene

Proteins for MIF Gene

  • Protein details for MIF Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Macrophage migration inhibitory factor
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A5Z1R8
    • B2R4S3
    • Q2V4Y5
    • Q6FHV0

    Protein attributes for MIF Gene

    115 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    12476 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homotrimer. Interacts with CXCR2 extracellular domain (By similarity). Interacts with the CD74 extracellular domain, COPS5 and BNIPL.
    • Serum levels of MIF are elevated in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock. High levels of MIF are correlated with low survival. Drugs that inhibit tautomerase activity protect against death due to sepsis.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MIF Gene

neXtProt entry for MIF Gene

Post-translational modifications for MIF Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for MIF Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

Assay Products

  • Cloud-Clone Corp. Assay Kits for MIF

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MIF Gene

Domains & Families for MIF Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MIF Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the MIF family.
  • Belongs to the MIF family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MIF: view

No data available for Gene Families for MIF Gene

Function for MIF Gene

Molecular function for MIF Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
macrophage migration inhibitory factor,12.3kDa,expressed in T cells and various tissues,including immunologically privileged lens and brain,also involved in mitogenic response and the control of cell cycle progression,maybe the same as DDT
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot BiophysicochemicalProperties:
Kinetic parameters: KM=249 uM for phenylpyruvate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11439086}; KM=168 uM for p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11439086}; Vmax=2113 umol/min/mg enzyme toward phenylpyruvate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11439086}; Vmax=524 umol/min/mg enzyme toward p-hydroxyphenylpyruvate {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11439086};
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Keto-phenylpyruvate = enol-phenylpyruvate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
L-dopachrome = 5,6-dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylate.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Pro-inflammatory cytokine. Involved in the innate immune response to bacterial pathogens. The expression of MIF at sites of inflammation suggests a role as mediator in regulating the function of macrophages in host defense. Counteracts the anti-inflammatory activity of glucocorticoids. Has phenylpyruvate tautomerase and dopachrome tautomerase activity (in vitro), but the physiological substrate is not known. It is not clear whether the tautomerase activity has any physiological relevance, and whether it is important for cytokine activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Up-regulated in concanavalin-A-treated lymphocytes. Up-regulated in macrophages upon exposure to M.tuberculosis antigens.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for MIF Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MIF Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004167 dopachrome isomerase activity IEA,IDA 17526494
GO:0005102 receptor binding IPI 12782713
GO:0005125 cytokine activity IDA 12782713
GO:0005126 cytokine receptor binding IPI 17045821
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 12681488
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MIF: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MIF: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for MIF Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for MIF Gene

MGI Knock Outs for MIF:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for MIF Gene

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for MIF

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MIF Gene

Localization for MIF Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MIF Gene

Secreted. Cytoplasm. Note=Does not have a cleavable signal sequence and is secreted via a specialized, non-classical pathway. Secreted by macrophages upon stimulation by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), or by M.tuberculosis antigens. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:15908412}.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MIF gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 5
cytoskeleton 2
plasma membrane 1
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MIF Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IEA --
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm IDA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MIF: view

Pathways & Interactions for MIF Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MIF: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for MIF Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MIF Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001516 prostaglandin biosynthetic process IDA 12782713
GO:0001934 positive regulation of protein phosphorylation IEA --
GO:0002376 immune system process IEA --
GO:0002906 negative regulation of mature B cell apoptotic process IEA --
GO:0006954 inflammatory response IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MIF: view

Drugs & Compounds for MIF Gene

(54) Drugs for MIF Gene - From: DrugBank, ClinicalTrials, ApexBio, DGIdb, HMDB, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Thalidomide Approved, Investigational, Withdrawn Pharma Immunomodulatory agent,sedative drug,angiogenesis inhibitor, Immunomodulatory agents, TNF-alpha synthesis inhibitor 1142
3-(4-HYDROXY-PHENYL)PYRUVIC ACID Experimental Pharma Target 0

(45) Additional Compounds for MIF Gene - From: Novoseek, HMDB, and Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • 2-L-Carboxy-2,3-dihydroindole-5,6-quinone
  • L-Dopachrome
2-Hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propenoic acid
  • 2-Hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propenoate
  • 2-Hydroxy-3-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propenoic acid
  • 4-Hydroxy-enol-phenylpyruvate
4-Hydroxyphenylpyruvic acid
  • (p-hydroxyphenyl)-Pyruvate
  • (p-hydroxyphenyl)-Pyruvic acid
  • (p-Hydroxyphenyl)pyruvate
  • (p-Hydroxyphenyl)pyruvic acid
  • 3-(4-Hydroxyphenyl)-2-oxo-propanoate
5,6-Dihydroxyindole-2-carboxylic acid
  • 5,6-Dhica
  • 5,6-Dihydroxy-1H-indole-2-carboxylate
  • 5,6-Dihydroxy-1H-indole-2-carboxylic acid
  • 5,6-Dihydroxy-2-indolecarboxylate
  • 5,6-Dihydroxy-2-indolecarboxylic acid
  • 2-Hydroxy-3-phenylpropenoate
  • 2-Hydroxy-3-phenylpropenoic acid
  • Enol-alpha-ketohydrocinnamic acid
  • Enol-phenylpyruvic acid
  • Phenylpyruvate

(5) Tocris Compounds for MIF Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
4-IPP Inhibitor of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF); suicide substrate 41270-96-6
AS 2444697 Potent and selective IRAK4 inhibitor 1287665-60-4
ISO 1 Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) inhibitor 478336-92-4
Pirfenidone Antifibrotic agent; regulates cytokine levels in vivo 53179-13-8
Thalidomide TNF-alpha synthesis inhibitor 50-35-1

(2) ApexBio Compounds for MIF Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
(±)-CPSI 1306 MIF inhibitor 1309793-47-2
BTZO 1 MIF binder 99420-15-2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with MIF: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for MIF Gene

mRNA/cDNA for MIF Gene

Unigene Clusters for MIF Gene

Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (glycosylation-inhibiting factor):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials Clones for MIF

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MIF Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for MIF Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MIF Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for MIF Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MIF Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone (18.7).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for MIF Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MIF Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of MIF Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MIF Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for MIF Gene

  • Lung(4.9)
  • Nervous system(4.9)
  • Skin(4.8)
  • Eye(4.7)
  • Blood(4.6)
  • Liver(4.6)
  • Pancreas(3.9)
  • Heart(3.4)
  • Spleen(3.4)
  • Kidney(3.3)
  • Intestine(2.9)
  • Muscle(2.8)
  • Stomach(2.7)
  • Lymph node(2.4)
  • Bone marrow(2.3)
  • Adrenal gland(2.2)
  • Thyroid gland(2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for MIF Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • lymphatic
  • nervous
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • head
  • ankle
  • digit
  • elbow
  • finger
  • foot
  • hand
  • hip
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • shoulder
  • toe
  • upper limb
  • wrist
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • lymph node
  • skin
  • white blood cell
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MIF: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MIF Gene

Orthologs for MIF Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for MIF Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MIF 35
  • 100 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MIF 34 35
  • 93.62 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mif 34
  • 89.86 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mif 34 16 35
  • 88.7 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MIF 35
  • 78 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MIF 35
  • 76 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MIF 34 35
  • 75.07 (n)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia mif 34
  • 65.51 (n)
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MIF 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii mif 34 35
  • 67.54 (n)
Dr.7856 34
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea mif-1 35
  • 33 (a)
mif-2 35
  • 27 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 27 (a)
Species where no ortholog for MIF was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for MIF Gene

Gene Tree for MIF (if available)
Gene Tree for MIF (if available)

Paralogs for MIF Gene

Paralogs for MIF Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for MIF Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with MIF: view

Variants for MIF Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MIF Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 22 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1002019906 -- 23,892,795(+) GCTCA(C/T)GTGCT upstream-variant-2KB
rs1002472066 -- 23,895,714(+) TTAGG(A/T)GACTT intron-variant, downstream-variant-500B
rs1002754971 -- 23,895,533(+) GGGTG(A/C)TGGAG downstream-variant-500B, splice-acceptor-variant
rs1002990502 -- 23,894,523(+) TGCCG(A/G)ACGGG nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs1003021375 -- 23,894,386(+) ACAGT(A/G)GTGTC nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-5-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MIF Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv4528n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv4531n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv8039n54 CNV gain 21841781
esv2724041 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3575443 CNV gain 25503493
esv3575444 CNV gain 25503493
esv3575445 CNV gain 25503493
esv3893457 CNV gain 25118596
esv3893461 CNV gain 25118596
nsv1062411 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1066891 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1110863 OTHER inversion 24896259
nsv3577 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv511075 OTHER complex 20534489
nsv526567 CNV gain 19592680
nsv588647 CNV gain 21841781
nsv7350 OTHER inversion 18451855
nsv834155 CNV gain+loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for MIF Gene

Gene Damage Index Score: 0.39; 8.64% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for MIF Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MIF Gene

Disorders for MIF Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(19) MalaCards diseases for MIF Gene - From: OMIM, Orphanet, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
rheumatoid arthritis, systemic juvenile
  • juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
pulmonary hemosiderosis
  • byssinosis
pneumococcal meningitis
  • meningitis, pneumococcal
  • taeniasis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search MIF in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Rheumatoid arthritis systemic juvenile (RASJ) [MIM:604302]: An inflammatory articular disorder with systemic-onset beginning before the age of 16. It represents a subgroup of juvenile arthritis associated with severe extraarticular features and occasionally fatal complications. During active phases of the disorder, patients display a typical daily spiking fever, an evanescent macular rash, lymphadenopathy, hepatosplenomegaly, serositis, myalgia and arthritis. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11508429}. Note=Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry. {ECO:0000305}.

Relevant External Links for MIF

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MIF: view

No data available for Genatlas for MIF Gene

Publications for MIF Gene

  1. Serum macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) in the intercritical phase of hereditary periodic fevers and its relationship with the MIF-173G/C polymorphism. (PMID: 17763209) Rigante D. … Stabile A. (Scand. J. Rheumatol. 2007) 3 22 46 64
  2. A polymorphism in the macrophage migration inhibitory factor gene is involved in the genetic predisposition of Crohn's disease and associated with cumulative steroid doses. (PMID: 17591062) Griga T. … Klein W. (Hepatogastroenterology 2007) 3 22 46 64
  3. A macrophage migration inhibitory factor promoter polymorphism is associated with high-density parasitemia in children with malaria. (PMID: 16929348) Awandare G.A. … Perkins D.J. (Genes Immun. 2006) 3 22 46 64
  4. Correlation of rheumatoid arthritis severity with the genetic functional variants and circulating levels of macrophage migration inhibitory factor. (PMID: 16200611) Radstake T.R. … van Riel P.L. (Arthritis Rheum. 2005) 3 22 46 64
  5. Coumarin and chromen-4-one analogues as tautomerase inhibitors of macrophage migration inhibitory factor: discovery and X-ray crystallography. (PMID: 11170644) Orita M. … Tanaka A. (J. Med. Chem. 2001) 3 4 22 64

Products for MIF Gene

Sources for MIF Gene

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