Aliases for MHF1 Gene
External Ids for MHF1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MHF1 Gene
This gene was identified in the neuroblastoma tumor suppressor candidate region on chromosome 1p36. It contains a TFIID-31 domain, similar to that found in TATA box-binding protein-associated factor, TAF(II)31, which is required for p53-mediated transcription activation. This gene was expressed at very low levels in neuroblastoma tumors, and was shown to reduce cell growth in neuroblastoma cells, suggesting that it may have a role in a cell death pathway. The protein is a component of multiple complexes, including the Fanconi anemia (FA) core complex, the APITD1/CENPS complex, and the CENPA-CAD (nucleosome distal) complex. Known functions include an involvement with chromatin associations of the FA core complex, and a role in the stable assembly of the outer kinetochore. Alternative splicing of this gene results in multiple transcript variants. Naturally occurring read-through transcripts also exist between this gene and the downstream cortistatin (CORT) gene, as represented in GeneID:100526739. An APITD1-related pseudogene has been identified on chromosome 7. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]
GeneCards Summary for MHF1 Gene
MHF1 (FANCM Associated Histone Fold Protein 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MHF1 include Systemic Scleroderma and Neuroblastoma. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Fanconi anemia pathway. An important paralog of this gene is APITD1-CORT.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MHF1 Gene
DNA-binding component of the FA core complex involved in DNA damage repair and genome maintenance. Required for optimal chromatin association of the FA core complex. Required for efficient damage-induced monoubiquitination and focus formation of FANCD2. Stabilizes FAAD24, FANCM and STRA13/CENPX in the FA core complex. Plays a role in DNA interstrand cross-linking (ICL) repair and in recovery of replication forks stalled by topoisomerase I-DNA cleavage intermediates induced by camptothecin. Component of the heterotetrameric CENP-T-W-S-X complex that binds and supercoils DNA, and plays an important role in kinetochore assembly. Component of the APITD1/CENPS complex that is essential for the stable assembly of the outer kinetochore. Plays an important role in mitotic progression and chromosome segregation. Component of the CENPA-CAD (nucleosome distal) complex, a complex recruited to centromeres which is involved in assembly of kinetochore proteins, mitotic progression and chromosome segregation.