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Aliases for MGME1 Gene

Aliases for MGME1 Gene

  • Mitochondrial Genome Maintenance Exonuclease 1 2 3
  • C20orf72 3 4 6
  • MTDPS11 3 6
  • DDK1 3 4
  • Chromosome 20 Open Reading Frame 72 2
  • EC 3.1.-.- 4
  • BA504H3.4 3

External Ids for MGME1 Gene

Previous Symbols for MGME1 Gene

  • C20orf72

Summaries for MGME1 Gene

GeneCards Summary for MGME1 Gene

MGME1 (Mitochondrial Genome Maintenance Exonuclease 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MGME1 include mitochondrial dna depletion syndrome 11 and progressive external ophthalmoplegia - myopathy - emaciation. GO annotations related to this gene include single-stranded DNA exodeoxyribonuclease activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MGME1 Gene

  • Metal-dependent single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) exonuclease involved in mitochondrial genome maintenance. Has preference for 5-3 exonuclease activity but is also capable of endoduclease activity on linear substrates. Necessary for maintenance of proper 7S DNA levels. Probably involved in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) repair, possibly via the processing of displaced DNA containing Okazaki fragments during RNA-primed DNA synthesis on the lagging strand or via processing of DNA flaps during long-patch base excision repair. Specifically binds 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC)-containing DNA in stem cells.

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MGME1 Gene

Genomics for MGME1 Gene

Genomic Location for MGME1 Gene

Start:
17,968,913 bp from pter
End:
17,991,122 bp from pter
Size:
22,210 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for MGME1 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for MGME1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MGME1 Gene

No data available for Regulatory Elements for MGME1 Gene

Proteins for MGME1 Gene

  • Protein details for MGME1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9BQP7-MGME1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Mitochondrial genome maintenance exonuclease 1
    Protein Accession:
    Q9BQP7
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RDG5
    • D3DW29
    • Q96SW3

    Protein attributes for MGME1 Gene

    Size:
    344 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    39421 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for MGME1 Gene

Proteomics data for MGME1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for MGME1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for MGME1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MGME1 Gene

Domains for MGME1 Gene

Protein Domains for MGME1 Gene

InterPro:
ProtoNet:

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

MGME1_HUMAN
Family:
  • Belongs to the MGME1 family.:
    • Q9BQP7
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MGME1: view

No data available for Gene Families for MGME1 Gene

Function for MGME1 Gene

Molecular function for MGME1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Metal-dependent single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) exonuclease involved in mitochondrial genome maintenance. Has preference for 5-3 exonuclease activity but is also capable of endoduclease activity on linear substrates. Necessary for maintenance of proper 7S DNA levels. Probably involved in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) repair, possibly via the processing of displaced DNA containing Okazaki fragments during RNA-primed DNA synthesis on the lagging strand or via processing of DNA flaps during long-patch base excision repair. Specifically binds 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC)-containing DNA in stem cells.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for MGME1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MGME1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0008297 single-stranded DNA exodeoxyribonuclease activity IDA 23313956
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MGME1: view

miRNA for MGME1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target MGME1

No data available for Phenotypes , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for MGME1 Gene

Localization for MGME1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MGME1 Gene

Mitochondrion.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MGME1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MGME1: view

Pathways for MGME1 Gene

SuperPathways for MGME1 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for MGME1 Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 1 interactants - click image to see details)
http://string-db.org/version_10/api/image/networkList?limit=0&targetmode=proteins&caller_identity=gene_cards&network_flavor=evidence&identifiers=9606.ENSP00000366939%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000344818%0d%0a
Selected Interacting proteins: Q9BQP7-MGME1_HUMAN ENSP00000366939 for MGME1 Gene via MINT STRING I2D

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MGME1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000002 mitochondrial genome maintenance IMP 23313956
GO:0000738 DNA catabolic process, exonucleolytic --
GO:0006264 mitochondrial DNA replication IMP 23313956
GO:0043504 mitochondrial DNA repair TAS 23313956
GO:0090305 nucleic acid phosphodiester bond hydrolysis IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MGME1: view

No data available for Pathways by source for MGME1 Gene

Transcripts for MGME1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for MGME1 Gene

Mitochondrial genome maintenance exonuclease 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MGME1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c · 3d · 3e ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b · 7c ^ 8a · 8b · 8c · 8d · 8e
SP1: - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: -
SP4:
SP5: - -
SP6: -
SP7: - - - - - -
SP8: - -
SP9: - - - -
SP10:
SP11: - - - - - -

Relevant External Links for MGME1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
MGME1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
MGME1

Expression for MGME1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MGME1 Gene

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for MGME1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MGME1 Gene Hs.320823

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with MGME1: view

Orthologs for MGME1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for MGME1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MGME1 36
  • 99.22 (n)
  • 99.13 (a)
MGME1 37
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MGME1 36
  • 83.68 (n)
  • 81.31 (a)
MGME1 37
  • 80 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MGME1 36
  • 78.9 (n)
  • 70.41 (a)
MGME1 37
  • 69 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mgme1 36
  • 79 (n)
  • 71.94 (a)
Mgme1 16
Mgme1 37
  • 71 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MGME1 37
  • 63 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 37
  • 78 (a)
OneToMany
-- 37
  • 64 (a)
OneToMany
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mgme1 36
  • 80.16 (n)
  • 73.51 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves C3H20ORF72 36
  • 63.94 (n)
  • 60.91 (a)
C3H20ORF72 37
  • 58 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MGME1 37
  • 55 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia mgme1 36
  • 61.11 (n)
  • 56.85 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii mgme1 36
  • 59.17 (n)
  • 52.81 (a)
mgme1 37
  • 50 (a)
OneToOne
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 37
  • 35 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for MGME1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for MGME1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for MGME1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for MGME1 (if available)

Paralogs for MGME1 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for MGME1 Gene

Variants for MGME1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MGME1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 20 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs7010 -- 17,990,910(+) ATCCA(G/T)TTGTT utr-variant-3-prime
rs876827 -- 17,972,574(-) TGAAA(A/G)TGAAA intron-variant
rs910903 -- 17,971,136(+) AATAG(C/T)GTACT intron-variant
rs910904 -- 17,971,261(+) TATAT(A/G)TAGGT intron-variant
rs910905 -- 17,971,271(+) TGGTA(C/T)TGGAT intron-variant

Relevant External Links for MGME1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
MGME1
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
MGME1

No data available for Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MGME1 Gene

Disorders for MGME1 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for MGME1 Gene (615076)

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

MGME1_HUMAN
  • Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome 11 (MTDPS11) [MIM:615084]: An autosomal recessive mitochondrial disorder characterized by onset in childhood or adulthood of progressive external ophthalmoplegia, muscle weakness and atrophy, exercise intolerance, and respiratory insufficiency due to muscle weakness. More variable features include spinal deformity, emaciation, and cardiac abnormalities. Skeletal muscle biopsies show deletion and depletion of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) with variable defects in respiratory chain enzyme activities. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:23313956}. Note=The disease may be caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MGME1: view

Publications for MGME1 Gene

  1. Loss-of-function mutations in MGME1 impair mtDNA replication and cause multisystemic mitochondrial disease. (PMID: 23313956) Kornblum C. … Prokisch H. (Nat. Genet. 2013) 2 3 4
  2. Identification of a novel human mitochondrial endo-/exonuclease Ddk1/c20orf72 necessary for maintenance of proper 7S DNA levels. (PMID: 23358826) Szczesny R.J. … Dziembowski A. (Nucleic Acids Res. 2013) 2 3 4
  3. Dynamic readers for 5-(hydroxy)methylcytosine and its oxidized derivatives. (PMID: 23434322) Spruijt C.G. … Vermeulen M. (Cell 2013) 2 3
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4

Products for MGME1 Gene

  • DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human,mouse,rat
  • QIAGEN qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate MGME1
    • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
    • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
    • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat
    • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for MGME1
    • Block miRNA regulation of MGME1 using miScript Target Protectors

    Sources for MGME1 Gene

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