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Aliases for MED22 Gene

Aliases for MED22 Gene

  • Mediator Complex Subunit 22 2 3 4
  • SURF5 3 4 6
  • Surfeit Locus Protein 5 3 4
  • Surf-5 3 4
  • Mediator Of RNA Polymerase II Transcription Subunit 22 3
  • Surfeit 5 2
  • MED24 3

External Ids for MED22 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for MED22 Gene

  • SURF5

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MED22 Gene

  • GC09M135197
  • GC09M136205
  • GC09M105707

Summaries for MED22 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MED22 Gene

  • This gene encodes a protein component of the mediator complex, which functions in the regulation of transcription by bridging interactions between gene-specific regulatory factors, RNA polymerase II, and general transcription factors. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

GeneCards Summary for MED22 Gene

MED22 (Mediator Complex Subunit 22) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MED22 include atypical autism. Among its related pathways are L1CAM interactions and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include RNA polymerase II transcription cofactor activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MED22 Gene

  • Component of the Mediator complex, a coactivator involved in the regulated transcription of nearly all RNA polymerase II-dependent genes. Mediator functions as a bridge to convey information from gene-specific regulatory proteins to the basal RNA polymerase II transcription machinery. Mediator is recruited to promoters by direct interactions with regulatory proteins and serves as a scaffold for the assembly of a functional preinitiation complex with RNA polymerase II and the general transcription factors

Gene Wiki entry for MED22 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MED22 Gene

Genomics for MED22 Gene

Regulatory Elements for MED22 Gene

Genomic Location for MED22 Gene

Start:
133,338,323 bp from pter
End:
133,348,156 bp from pter
Size:
9,834 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for MED22 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for MED22 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MED22 Gene

Proteins for MED22 Gene

  • Protein details for MED22 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q15528-MED22_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Mediator of RNA polymerase II transcription subunit 22
    Protein Accession:
    Q15528
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B3KW83
    • B3KWX4
    • O76072
    • Q5T8U0

    Protein attributes for MED22 Gene

    Size:
    200 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    22221 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the Mediator complex, which is composed of MED1, MED4, MED6, MED7, MED8, MED9, MED10, MED11, MED12, MED13, MED13L, MED14, MED15, MED16, MED17, MED18, MED19, MED20, MED21, MED22, MED23, MED24, MED25, MED26, MED27, MED29, MED30, MED31, CCNC, CDK8 and CDC2L6/CDK11. The MED12, MED13, CCNC and CDK8 subunits form a distinct module termed the CDK8 module. Mediator containing the CDK8 module is less active than Mediator lacking this module in supporting transcriptional activation. Individual preparations of the Mediator complex lacking one or more distinct subunits have been variously termed ARC, CRSP, DRIP, PC2, SMCC and TRAP.

    Alternative splice isoforms for MED22 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for MED22 Gene

Proteomics data for MED22 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for MED22 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys11
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for MED22 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MED22 Gene

Domains for MED22 Gene

Protein Domains for MED22 Gene

InterPro:
Blocks:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MED22 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q15528

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

MED22_HUMAN :
  • Q15528
Family:
  • Belongs to the Mediator complex subunit 22 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MED22: view

No data available for Gene Families for MED22 Gene

Function for MED22 Gene

Molecular function for MED22 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Component of the Mediator complex, a coactivator involved in the regulated transcription of nearly all RNA polymerase II-dependent genes. Mediator functions as a bridge to convey information from gene-specific regulatory proteins to the basal RNA polymerase II transcription machinery. Mediator is recruited to promoters by direct interactions with regulatory proteins and serves as a scaffold for the assembly of a functional preinitiation complex with RNA polymerase II and the general transcription factors

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MED22 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001104 RNA polymerase II transcription cofactor activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 12584197
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MED22: view

Phenotypes for MED22 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MED22: view

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for MED22 Gene

Localization for MED22 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MED22 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for MED22 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MED22 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 2
extracellular 1
mitochondrion 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MED22 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm TAS 8586415
GO:0016592 mediator complex IDA 14638676
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MED22: view

Pathways for MED22 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MED22: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MED22 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006357 regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA --
GO:0006366 transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MED22: view

Transcripts for MED22 Gene

Unigene Clusters for MED22 Gene

Mediator complex subunit 22:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MED22 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c
SP1: -
SP2:
SP3: - -

Relevant External Links for MED22 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
MED22
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
MED22

Expression for MED22 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MED22 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for MED22 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MED22 Gene Hs.78354

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with MED22: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MED22 Gene

Orthologs for MED22 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for MED22 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MED22 35
  • 99.17 (n)
  • 99 (a)
MED22 36
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MED22 35
  • 90.83 (n)
  • 95 (a)
MED22 36
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MED22 35
  • 91.5 (n)
  • 95.5 (a)
MED22 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Med22 35
  • 89.95 (n)
  • 95.48 (a)
Med22 16
Med22 36
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MED22 36
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MED22 36
  • 90 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia LOC100911917 35
  • 88.78 (n)
  • 95.98 (a)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MED22 35
  • 80.16 (n)
  • 94.44 (a)
MED22 36
  • 93 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MED22 36
  • 68 (a)
OneToOne
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.29396 35
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia med22 35
  • 70.71 (n)
  • 70.2 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.4703 35
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.15892 35
med22 35
  • 77.18 (n)
  • 87.69 (a)
med22 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta MED22_ANOGA 35
  • 65.1 (n)
  • 64.06 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG32971 36
  • 37 (a)
OneToMany
MED22 35
  • 67.5 (n)
  • 65 (a)
MED22 36
  • 61 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea mdt-22 36
  • 31 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for MED22:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for MED22 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for MED22 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for MED22 (if available)

Paralogs for MED22 Gene

Selected SIMAP similar genes for MED22 Gene using alignment to 7 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with MED22: view

No data available for Paralogs for MED22 Gene

Variants for MED22 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MED22 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 09 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs11655 -- 133,340,993(-) CAGCT(A/G)CTGCC utr-variant-3-prime
rs487820 -- 133,345,514(+) GCTGT(A/G)CTAGG intron-variant
rs512050 -- 133,343,008(+) CACCC(C/T)AGGAC intron-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs513822 -- 133,343,191(+) GGATA(G/T)CTGTG intron-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs604402 -- 133,346,201(+) AGGCC(A/C)CCCCC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MED22 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2739138 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv894057 CNV Gain 21882294
dgv8325n71 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv894076 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv894079 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv894080 CNV Loss 21882294

Relevant External Links for MED22 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
MED22

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MED22 Gene

Disorders for MED22 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database. (1) Diseases for MED22 Gene including...

Search for MED22 Gene in MalaCards »

(1) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for MED22 Gene

Relevant External Links for MED22

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
MED22
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
MED22
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MED22: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MED22 Gene

Publications for MED22 Gene

  1. The human homologue of the mouse Surf5 gene encodes multiple alternatively spliced transcripts. (PMID: 11891058) Angiolillo A. … Pietropaolo C. (Gene 2002) 3 4 23
  2. Surf5: a gene in the tightly clustered mouse surfeit locus is highly conserved and transcribed divergently from the rpL7A (Surf3) gene. (PMID: 8586415) Garson K. … Fried M. (Genomics 1995) 3 4 23
  3. Identification of mammalian Mediator subunits with similarities to yeast Mediator subunits Srb5, Srb6, Med11, and Rox3. (PMID: 12584197) Sato S. … Conaway J.W. (J. Biol. Chem. 2003) 3 4
  4. The organization and conservation of the human Surfeit gene cluster and its localization telomeric to the c-abl and can proto-oncogenes at chromosome band 9q34.1. (PMID: 8499913) Yon J. … Fried M. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 1993) 2 3
  5. A set of consensus mammalian mediator subunits identified by multidimensional protein identification technology. (PMID: 15175163) Sato S. … Conaway R.C. (Mol. Cell 2004) 2 3

Products for MED22 Gene

Sources for MED22 Gene

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