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Aliases for MDC1 Gene

Aliases for MDC1 Gene

  • Mediator Of DNA Damage Checkpoint 1 2 3 5
  • Mediator Of DNA-Damage Checkpoint 1 2 3
  • Nuclear Factor With BRCT Domains 1 3 4
  • NFBD1 3 4
  • Homologue To Drosophila Photoreceptor Protein Calphotin 3
  • KIAA0170 4

External Ids for MDC1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MDC1 Gene

  • GC06M030438
  • GC06M030773
  • GC06M030775
  • GC06M030667
  • GC06M030701
  • GC06M030702

Summaries for MDC1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MDC1 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene contains an N-terminal forkhead domain, two BRCA1 C-terminal (BRCT) motifs and a central domain with 13 repetitions of an approximately 41-amino acid sequence. The encoded protein is required to activate the intra-S phase and G2/M phase cell cycle checkpoints in response to DNA damage. This nuclear protein interacts with phosphorylated histone H2AX near sites of DNA double-strand breaks through its BRCT motifs, and facilitates recruitment of the ATM kinase and meiotic recombination 11 protein complex to DNA damage foci. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for MDC1 Gene

MDC1 (Mediator Of DNA Damage Checkpoint 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MDC1 include esophageal cancer. Among its related pathways are Gene Expression and Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification. GO annotations related to this gene include protein C-terminus binding and FHA domain binding. An important paralog of this gene is PAXIP1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MDC1 Gene

  • Required for checkpoint mediated cell cycle arrest in response to DNA damage within both the S phase and G2/M phases of the cell cycle. May serve as a scaffold for the recruitment of DNA repair and signal transduction proteins to discrete foci of DNA damage marked by Ser-139 phosphorylation of histone H2AFX. Also required for downstream events subsequent to the recruitment of these proteins. These include phosphorylation and activation of the ATM, CHEK1 and CHEK2 kinases, and stabilization of TP53 and apoptosis. ATM and CHEK2 may also be activated independently by a parallel pathway mediated by TP53BP1.

Gene Wiki entry for MDC1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MDC1 Gene

Genomics for MDC1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for MDC1 Gene

Promoters for MDC1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around MDC1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for MDC1 Gene

Chromosome:
6
Start:
30,699,807 bp from pter
End:
30,717,966 bp from pter
Size:
18,160 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for MDC1 Gene

Genes around MDC1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MDC1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MDC1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

Proteins for MDC1 Gene

  • Protein details for MDC1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q14676-MDC1_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Mediator of DNA damage checkpoint protein 1
    Protein Accession:
    Q14676
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A2AB04
    • A2BF04
    • A2RRA8
    • A7YY86
    • B0S8A2
    • Q0EFC2
    • Q2L6H7
    • Q2TAZ4
    • Q5JP55
    • Q5JP56
    • Q5ST83
    • Q68CQ3
    • Q86Z06
    • Q96QC2

    Protein attributes for MDC1 Gene

    Size:
    2089 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    226666 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer. Interacts with several proteins involved in the DNA damage response, although not all these interactions may be direct. Interacts with H2AFX, which requires phosphorylation of H2AFX on Ser-139. Interacts with the MRN complex, composed of MRE11A/MRE11, RAD50, and NBN. Interacts with CHEK2, which requires ATM-mediated phosphorylation of Thr-68 within the FHA domain of CHEK2. Interacts constitutively with the BRCA1-BARD1 complex, SMC1A and TP53BP1. Interacts with ATM and FANCD2, and these interactions are reduced upon DNA damage. Also interacts with the PRKDC complex, composed of XRCC6/KU70, XRCC5/KU80 and PRKDC/XRCC7. This interaction may be required for PRKDC autophosphorylation, which is essential for DNA double strand break (DSB) repair. When phosphorylated by ATM, interacts with RNF8 (via FHA domain). Interacts with CEP164. When phosphorylated, interacts with APTX (via FHA-like domain).
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=BAA11487.2; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=CAH18685.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=1804; Note=Translated as Gln.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MDC1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for MDC1 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for MDC1 Gene

Proteomics data for MDC1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for MDC1 Gene

  • Phosphorylated upon exposure to ionizing radiation (IR), ultraviolet radiation (UV), and hydroxyurea (HU). Phosphorylation in response to IR requires ATM, NBN, and possibly CHEK2. Also phosphorylated during the G2/M phase of the cell cycle and during activation of the mitotic spindle checkpoint. Phosphorylation at Thr-4 by ATM stabilizes and enhances homodimerization via the FHA domain.
  • Sumoylation at Lys-1840 by PIAS4 following DNA damage promotes ubiquitin-mediated degradation.
  • Ubiquitinated by RNF4, leading to proteasomal degradation; undergoes Lys-48-linked polyubiquitination.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys 45
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for MDC1 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MDC1 Gene

Domains & Families for MDC1 Gene

Protein Domains for MDC1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q14676

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

MDC1_HUMAN :
  • Tandemly repeated BRCT domains are characteristic of proteins involved in DNA damage signaling. In MDC1, these repeats are required for localization to chromatin which flanks sites of DNA damage marked by Ser-139 phosphorylation of H2AFX.
Domain:
  • Tandemly repeated BRCT domains are characteristic of proteins involved in DNA damage signaling. In MDC1, these repeats are required for localization to chromatin which flanks sites of DNA damage marked by Ser-139 phosphorylation of H2AFX.
  • Contains 2 BRCT domains.
  • Contains 1 FHA domain.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MDC1: view

No data available for Gene Families for MDC1 Gene

Function for MDC1 Gene

Molecular function for MDC1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Required for checkpoint mediated cell cycle arrest in response to DNA damage within both the S phase and G2/M phases of the cell cycle. May serve as a scaffold for the recruitment of DNA repair and signal transduction proteins to discrete foci of DNA damage marked by Ser-139 phosphorylation of histone H2AFX. Also required for downstream events subsequent to the recruitment of these proteins. These include phosphorylation and activation of the ATM, CHEK1 and CHEK2 kinases, and stabilization of TP53 and apoptosis. ATM and CHEK2 may also be activated independently by a parallel pathway mediated by TP53BP1.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MDC1: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for MDC1

Inhibitory RNA Products

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MDC1 Gene

Localization for MDC1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MDC1 Gene

Nucleus. Chromosome. Note=Associated with chromatin. Relocalizes to discrete nuclear foci following DNA damage, this requires Ser-139 phosphorylation of H2AFX. Colocalizes with APTX at sites of DNA double-strand breaks.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for MDC1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MDC1 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 4
cytosol 2

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MDC1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for MDC1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MDC1: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for MDC1 Gene

Activates:
Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MDC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006303 double-strand break repair via nonhomologous end joining TAS --
GO:0016925 protein sumoylation TAS --
GO:0043687 post-translational protein modification TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MDC1: view

Drugs & Compounds for MDC1 Gene

(1) Drugs for MDC1 Gene - From: ApexBio

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Temozolomide Approved, Investigational Pharma 662
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with MDC1: view

Transcripts for MDC1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for MDC1 Gene

Mediator of DNA-damage checkpoint 1:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MDC1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b · 4c · 4d ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12a · 12b · 12c ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15a · 15b ^ 16 ^ 17 ^
SP1: - -
SP2:
SP3: - - -
SP4: -
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9: - - -
SP10:
SP11:

ExUns: 18
SP1:
SP2:
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:
SP9:
SP10:
SP11:

Relevant External Links for MDC1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
MDC1
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
MDC1

Expression for MDC1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MDC1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MDC1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (32.4), Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (10.1), and Retina (6.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for MDC1 Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MDC1 Gene Hs.653495

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MDC1 Gene

Q14676-MDC1_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in testis.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MDC1: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MDC1 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for MDC1 Gene

Orthologs for MDC1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for MDC1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MDC1 35
  • 96.06 (n)
  • 93.47 (a)
MDC1 36
  • 77 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MDC1 36
  • 61 (a)
OneToOne
MDC1 35
  • 74.35 (n)
  • 58.91 (a)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MDC1 35
  • 77.23 (n)
  • 63.38 (a)
MDC1 36
  • 64 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mdc1 16
Mdc1 36
  • 52 (a)
OneToOne
Mdc1 35
  • 70.86 (n)
  • 56.72 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MDC1 36
  • 37 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MDC1 36
  • 26 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mdc1 35
  • 72.92 (n)
  • 61.3 (a)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MDC1 36
  • 19 (a)
OneToOne
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii MDC1 36
  • 16 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta ptip 36
  • 8 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea pis-1 36
  • 12 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.5902 36
  • 23 (a)
OneToOne
Species with no ortholog for MDC1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for MDC1 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for MDC1 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for MDC1 (if available)

Paralogs for MDC1 Gene

Paralogs for MDC1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with MDC1: view

Variants for MDC1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MDC1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs2517560 - 30,713,191(-) AAGCT(A/G)AAGTT reference, missense
rs9262152 - 30,713,139(+) TGTCC(C/T)TCTCC reference, missense
rs2075015 - 30,712,831(-) TGCAG(A/G)AGAGC reference, missense
rs2844707 - 30,712,186(-) GCACC(G/T)CCCTA reference, missense
rs3132589 - 30,704,656(-) TCTGA(G/T)CCCAC reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MDC1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2731791 CNV Deletion 23290073
nsv884086 CNV Gain 21882294
esv2670269 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv830626 CNV Loss 17160897
dgv1917e1 CNV Complex 17122850
esv2731796 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2731797 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv2731798 CNV Deletion 23290073

Variation tolerance for MDC1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 99.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 10.93; 91.92% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for MDC1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
MDC1

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MDC1 Gene

Disorders for MDC1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for MDC1 Gene - From: DISEASES and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
esophageal cancer
  • esophageal cancer, somatic
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search MDC1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for MDC1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
MDC1
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
MDC1
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
MDC1
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MDC1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for MDC1 Gene

Publications for MDC1 Gene

  1. MDC1 is a mediator of the mammalian DNA damage checkpoint. (PMID: 12607005) Stewart G.S. … Elledge S.J. (Nature 2003) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. CK2 phosphorylation-dependent interaction between aprataxin and MDC1 in the DNA damage response. (PMID: 20008512) Becherel O.J. … Lavin M.F. (Nucleic Acids Res. 2010) 3 23
  3. 53BP1-dependent robust localized KAP-1 phosphorylation is essential for heterochromatic DNA double-strand break repair. (PMID: 20081839) Noon A.T. … Goodarzi A.A. (Nat. Cell Biol. 2010) 3 23
  4. Radiation-induced survivin nuclear accumulation is linked to DNA damage repair. (PMID: 20394854) Capalbo G. … RAPdel F. (Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. 2010) 3 23
  5. The direct interaction between 53BP1 and MDC1 is required for the recruitment of 53BP1 to sites of damage. (PMID: 18986980) Eliezer Y. … Goldberg M. (J. Biol. Chem. 2009) 3 23

Products for MDC1 Gene

Sources for MDC1 Gene

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