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Aliases for MCL1 Gene

Aliases for MCL1 Gene

  • Myeloid Cell Leukemia 1 2 3 5
  • Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 (BCL2-Related) 2 3
  • Bcl-2-Related Protein EAT/Mcl1 3 4
  • Bcl-2-Like Protein 3 3 4
  • Bcl2-L-3 3 4
  • Mcl1/EAT 3 4
  • BCL2L3 3 4
  • Myeloid Cell Leukemia ES 3
  • MCL1-ES 3
  • MCL1L 3
  • MCL1S 3
  • Mcl-1 3
  • EAT 3
  • TM 3

External Ids for MCL1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MCL1 Gene

  • GC01M148388
  • GC01M146294
  • GC01M147322
  • GC01M147763
  • GC01M147360
  • GC01M148813
  • GC01M150547
  • GC01M121925
  • GC01M150581

Summaries for MCL1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MCL1 Gene

  • This gene encodes an anti-apoptotic protein, which is a member of the Bcl-2 family. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. The longest gene product (isoform 1) enhances cell survival by inhibiting apoptosis while the alternatively spliced shorter gene products (isoform 2 and isoform 3) promote apoptosis and are death-inducing. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2010]

GeneCards Summary for MCL1 Gene

MCL1 (Myeloid Cell Leukemia 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MCL1 include leukemia and chlamydia. Among its related pathways are IL6-mediated signaling events and MicroRNAs in cancer. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and BH3 domain binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MCL1 Gene

  • Involved in the regulation of apoptosis versus cell survival, and in the maintenance of viability but not of proliferation. Mediates its effects by interactions with a number of other regulators of apoptosis. Isoform 1 inhibits apoptosis. Isoform 2 promotes apoptosis.

Gene Wiki entry for MCL1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MCL1 Gene

Genomics for MCL1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for MCL1 Gene

Promoters for MCL1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around MCL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for MCL1 Gene

150,574,551 bp from pter
150,579,738 bp from pter
5,188 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for MCL1 Gene

Genes around MCL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MCL1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MCL1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MCL1 Gene

Proteins for MCL1 Gene

  • Protein details for MCL1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Induced myeloid leukemia cell differentiation protein Mcl-1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R6B2
    • D3DV03
    • D3DV04
    • Q9HD91
    • Q9NRQ3
    • Q9NRQ4
    • Q9UHR7
    • Q9UHR8
    • Q9UHR9
    • Q9UNJ1

    Protein attributes for MCL1 Gene

    350 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    37337 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with HIF3A (via C-terminus domain) (By similarity). Interacts with BAD, BOK, BIK and BFM. Interacts with PMAIP1. Isoform 1 interacts with BAX, BAK1, TPT1 and BCL2L11. Heterodimer of isoform 1 and isoform 2. Homodimers of isoform 1 or isoform 2 are not detected. Isoform 2 does not interact with pro-apoptotic BCL2-related proteins. Interacts with BOP. Interacts with BCL2L11; may sequester BCL2L11 to prevent its pro-apoptotic activity.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for MCL1 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for MCL1 Gene


neXtProt entry for MCL1 Gene

Proteomics data for MCL1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for MCL1 Gene

  • Cleaved by CASP3 during apoptosis. In intact cells cleavage occurs preferentially after Asp-127, yielding a pro-apoptotic 28 kDa C-terminal fragment.
  • Phosphorylated on Ser-159, by GSK3, in response to IL3/interleukin-3 withdrawal. Phosphorylation at Ser-159 induces ubiquitination and proteasomal degradation, abrogating the anti-apoptotic activity. Treatment with taxol or okadaic acid induces phosphorylation on additional sites.
  • Rapidly degraded in the absence of phosphorylation on Thr-163 in the PEST region.
  • Ubiquitinated. Ubiquitination is induced by phosphorylation at Ser-159.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys 5, Lys 40, Lys 136, Lys 194, Lys 197, and Lys 308
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for MCL1 Gene

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MCL1 Gene

Domains & Families for MCL1 Gene

Gene Families for MCL1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MCL1 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the Bcl-2 family.
  • Belongs to the Bcl-2 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MCL1: view

Function for MCL1 Gene

Molecular function for MCL1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
myeloid cell leukemia 1,involved in programmed myeloid cell differentiation,with homology to BCL2
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Involved in the regulation of apoptosis versus cell survival, and in the maintenance of viability but not of proliferation. Mediates its effects by interactions with a number of other regulators of apoptosis. Isoform 1 inhibits apoptosis. Isoform 2 promotes apoptosis.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Expression increases early during phorbol ester-induced differentiation along the monocyte/macrophage pathway in myeloid leukemia cell line ML-1. Rapidly up-regulated by CSF2 in ML-1 cells. Up-regulated by heat shock-induced differentiation. Expression increases early during retinoic acid-induced differentiation.
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MCL1: view

Animal Models for MCL1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for MCL1:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for MCL1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target MCL1

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MCL1 Gene

Localization for MCL1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MCL1 Gene

Membrane; Single-pass membrane protein. Cytoplasm. Mitochondrion. Nucleus, nucleoplasm. Note=Cytoplasmic, associated with mitochondria.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for MCL1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MCL1 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 5
cytoskeleton 2
endoplasmic reticulum 2
extracellular 1
lysosome 1
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1
vacuole 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MCL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm TAS 10837489
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA 7896880
GO:0005741 mitochondrial outer membrane TAS 10837489
GO:0005829 cytosol ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MCL1: view

Pathways & Interactions for MCL1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MCL1: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for MCL1 Gene

Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MCL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007275 multicellular organism development IEA --
GO:0019725 cellular homeostasis NAS 10837489
GO:0034097 response to cytokine IDA 9184696
GO:0097192 extrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway in absence of ligand IMP 16543145
GO:1903378 positive regulation of oxidative stress-induced neuron intrinsic apoptotic signaling pathway IGI 23858059
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MCL1: view

Drugs & Compounds for MCL1 Gene

(51) Drugs for MCL1 Gene - From: Novoseek, DGIdb, and ApexBio

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Mitomycin Approved Pharma Inhibits DNA synthesis,antibiotic and antitumor agent 0
UMI-77 Pharma 0
AT-101 Pharma inhibitor BH3-mimetic,gossypol enantiomer, BCL-2 inhibitors 0

(39) Additional Compounds for MCL1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs

(2) ApexBio Compounds for MCL1 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Mitomycin C Inhibits DNA synthesis,antibiotic and antitumor agent 1950-07-7
UMI-77 518303-20-3
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with MCL1: view

Transcripts for MCL1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for MCL1 Gene

Myeloid cell leukemia sequence 1 (BCL2-related):
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MCL1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2a · 2b · 2c ^ 3a · 3b
SP1: -
SP2: - -
SP3: - - -

Relevant External Links for MCL1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MCL1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for MCL1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for MCL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x6.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MCL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (15.6), Lymph node (13.2), Heart (6.6), and Liver (6.1).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for MCL1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MCL1 Gene Hs.632486

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MCL1: view

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Protein tissue co-expression partners for MCL1 Gene

Orthologs for MCL1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for MCL1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MCL1 35
  • 88.35 (n)
  • 88.54 (a)
-- 36
  • 84 (a)
MCL1 36
  • 88 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MCL1 35
  • 88.19 (n)
  • 87.71 (a)
MCL1 36
  • 62 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mcl1 35
  • 81.17 (n)
  • 80.66 (a)
Mcl1 16
Mcl1 36
  • 80 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MCL1 35
  • 99.14 (n)
  • 99.42 (a)
MCL1 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mcl1 35
  • 82.12 (n)
  • 82.73 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MCL1 36
  • 69 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MCL1 35
  • 64.98 (n)
  • 62.16 (a)
MCL1 36
  • 51 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MCL1 36
  • 45 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii mcl1a 35
  • 51.38 (n)
  • 44.04 (a)
bcl2l10 36
  • 31 (a)
mcl1a 36
  • 36 (a)
mcl1b 36
  • 35 (a)
Species with no ortholog for MCL1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for MCL1 Gene

Gene Tree for MCL1 (if available)
Gene Tree for MCL1 (if available)

Paralogs for MCL1 Gene Pseudogenes for MCL1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with MCL1: view

No data available for Paralogs for MCL1 Gene

Variants for MCL1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MCL1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs2737820 - 150,579,012(-) GACGA(C/G)TTGTA intron-variant, reference, missense
rs11580946 - 150,578,851(+) GGAAG(A/G)CCGTC reference, missense
VAR_054157 -
rs9971 -- 150,579,317(-) CGCCA(G/T)ACTCC intron-variant, reference, missense
rs1802504 -- 150,579,159(-) GAAGA(G/T)GAGCT intron-variant, reference, missense

Variation tolerance for MCL1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 50.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 1.20; 24.12% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for MCL1 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MCL1 Gene

Disorders for MCL1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(25) MalaCards diseases for MCL1 Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • chlamydia trachomatis infectious disease
  • bile duct carcinoma
myeloid leukemia
  • leukemia myelogenous
chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • cll
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search MCL1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for MCL1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MCL1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for MCL1 Gene

Publications for MCL1 Gene

  1. MCL1, a gene expressed in programmed myeloid cell differentiation, has sequence similarity to BCL2. (PMID: 7682708) Kozopas K.M. … Craig R.W. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 1993) 2 3 4 23 67
  2. Adenovirus-mediated siRNA targeting Mcl-1 gene increases radiosensitivity of pancreatic carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo. (PMID: 20004446) Guoan X. … Hao L. (Surgery 2010) 3 23
  3. Deubiquitinase USP9X stabilizes MCL1 and promotes tumour cell survival. (PMID: 20023629) Schwickart M. … Dixit V.M. (Nature 2010) 3 23
  4. The anti-apoptotic protein BCL2L1/Bcl-xL is neutralized by pro-apoptotic PMAIP1/Noxa in neuroblastoma, thereby determining bortezomib sensitivity independent of prosurvival MCL1 expression. (PMID: 20051518) Hagenbuchner J. … Obexer P. (J. Biol. Chem. 2010) 3 23
  5. Vascular endothelial growth factor regulates myeloid cell leukemia-1 expression through neuropilin-1-dependent activation of c-MET signaling in human prostate cancer cells. (PMID: 20085644) Zhang S. … Wu D. (Mol. Cancer 2010) 3 23

Products for MCL1 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for MCL1

Sources for MCL1 Gene

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