External Ids for MC4R Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MC4R Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a membrane-bound receptor and member of the melanocortin receptor family. The encoded protein interacts with adrenocorticotropic and MSH hormones and is mediated by G proteins. This is an intronless gene. Defects in this gene are a cause of autosomal dominant obesity. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]
GeneCards Summary for MC4R Gene
MC4R (Melanocortin 4 Receptor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MC4R include Body Mass Index Quantitative Trait Locus 11 and Body Mass Index Quantitative Trait Locus 8. Among its related pathways are Peptide ligand-binding receptors and Signaling by GPCR. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include G-protein coupled receptor activity and peptide hormone binding. An important paralog of this gene is MC5R.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MC4R Gene
Receptor specific to the heptapeptide core common to adrenocorticotropic hormone and alpha-, beta-, and gamma-MSH. Plays a central role in energy homeostasis and somatic growth. This receptor is mediated by G proteins that stimulate adenylate cyclase (cAMP).
Melanocortin receptors are activated by members of the melanocortin family: alpha-, beta- and gamma-melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH) and adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). The melanocortins are involved in a range of physiological functions, including pigmentation and inflammation.