Aliases for MAOA Gene
External Ids for MAOA Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MAOA Gene
This gene is one of two neighboring gene family members that encode mitochondrial enzymes which catalyze the oxidative deamination of amines, such as dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. Mutation of this gene results in Brunner syndrome. This gene has also been associated with a variety of other psychiatric disorders, including antisocial behavior. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]
GeneCards Summary for MAOA Gene
MAOA (Monoamine Oxidase A) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MAOA include brunner syndrome and maoa-related behavior disorders. Among its related pathways are RNA Polymerase I Promoter Opening and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include primary amine oxidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MAOB.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MAOA Gene
Catalyzes the oxidative deamination of biogenic and xenobiotic amines and has important functions in the metabolism of neuroactive and vasoactive amines in the central nervous system and peripheral tissues. MAOA preferentially oxidizes biogenic amines such as 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), norepinephrine and epinephrine
Monoamine Oxidases (MAO) catalyze the oxidation of monoamines such as dopamine, serotonin and adrenalin. They are found bound to the outer membrane of mitochondria in most cell types in the body. Two subtypes of monoamine oxidase have been identified: MAO-A and MAO-B. Both are found in neurons and astroglia, with MAO-A also found in the liver, gastrointestinal tract and placenta and MAO-B in blood platelets. Abnormal regulation of MAOs in the body has been associated with depression, substance abuse, attention deficit disorder, and irregular sexual maturation.