Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for MAK Gene

Aliases for MAK Gene

  • Male Germ Cell Associated Kinase 2 3 5
  • Male Germ Cell-Associated Kinase 2 4
  • Male Germ Cell-Associated Kinase Retinal-Enriched Isoform 3
  • Serine/Threonine Protein Kinase MAK 3
  • Serine/Threonine-Protein Kinase MAK 3
  • Testicular Secretory Protein Li 28 3
  • EC 61
  • EC 4
  • EC 2.7.11 61
  • RP62 3

External Ids for MAK Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MAK Gene

  • GC06M010870
  • GC06M010638

Summaries for MAK Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MAK Gene

  • The product of this gene is a serine/threonine protein kinase related to kinases involved in cell cycle regulation. Studies of the mouse and rat homologs have localized the kinase to the chromosomes during meiosis in spermatogenesis, specifically to the synaptonemal complex that exists while homologous chromosomes are paired. Mutations in this gene have been associated with ciliary defects resulting in retinitis pigmentosa 62. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2016]

GeneCards Summary for MAK Gene

MAK (Male Germ Cell Associated Kinase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MAK include Retinitis Pigmentosa 62 and Mak-Related Retinitis Pigmentosa. Among its related pathways are Coregulation of Androgen receptor activity. GO annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups and protein tyrosine kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is ICK.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MAK Gene

  • Essential for the regulation of ciliary length and required for the long-term survival of photoreceptors (By similarity). Phosphorylates FZR1 in a cell cycle-dependent manner. Plays a role in the transcriptional coactivation of AR. Could play an important function in spermatogenesis. May play a role in chromosomal stability in prostate cancer cells.

Gene Wiki entry for MAK Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MAK Gene

Genomics for MAK Gene

Regulatory Elements for MAK Gene

Enhancers for MAK Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH06G011322 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 6 -485.1 -485116 2.7 HDGF PKNOX1 MLX ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF48 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF207 MXD4 TMEM170B NEDD9 MAK C6orf52 LOC105374925 GC06M011330
GH06G011315 2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 2.2 -478.9 -478913 4.4 HDGF ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 SLC30A9 CBX5 FOS DEK SP5 JUNB TFAP2A-AS1 TMEM170B NEDD9 MAK LOC105374925 GC06M011330
GH06G011205 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 2.3 -377.1 -377127 19.9 HNRNPUL1 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 FEZF1 TMEM170B ENSG00000247925 NEDD9 MAK GC06M011208 LOC105374925
GH06G011275 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 2.2 -438.3 -438347 3.8 HDGF HNRNPUL1 PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX WRNIP1 ARID4B DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 NEDD9 ENSG00000272097 ENSG00000247925 MAK TMEM170B LOC105374925 GC06M011208
GH06G011256 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 2.4 -420.0 -419988 4.9 TFAP4 ZNF280D MTA2 ZSCAN4 BHLHE40 ZMYM3 TBX21 PPARG RARA ZKSCAN8 NEDD9 ENSG00000247925 TMEM170B MAK LOC105374925 GC06M011208
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around MAK on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for MAK Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for MAK Gene

10,762,723 bp from pter
10,838,605 bp from pter
75,883 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for MAK Gene

Genes around MAK on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MAK Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MAK Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MAK Gene

Proteins for MAK Gene

  • Protein details for MAK Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Serine/threonine-protein kinase MAK
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • F1T0K6
    • G1FL29
    • Q547D0
    • Q9NUH7

    Protein attributes for MAK Gene

    623 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    70581 Da
    Name=Mg(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:18420;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with RP1 (By similarity). Interacts with AR and CDK20. Found in a complex containing MAK, AR and NCOA3. Interacts with FZR1 (via WD repeats).

    Alternative splice isoforms for MAK Gene


neXtProt entry for MAK Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for MAK Gene


Post-translational modifications for MAK Gene

  • Autophosphorylated. Phosphorylated on serine and threonine residues.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains & Families for MAK Gene

Gene Families for MAK Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CMGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. CDC2/CDKX subfamily.
  • Belongs to the protein kinase superfamily. CMGC Ser/Thr protein kinase family. CDC2/CDKX subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MAK: view

Function for MAK Gene

Molecular function for MAK Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + a protein = ADP + a phosphoprotein.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Essential for the regulation of ciliary length and required for the long-term survival of photoreceptors (By similarity). Phosphorylates FZR1 in a cell cycle-dependent manner. Plays a role in the transcriptional coactivation of AR. Could play an important function in spermatogenesis. May play a role in chromosomal stability in prostate cancer cells.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Up-regulated by dihydrotestosterone (DHT) in androgen-sensitive LNCaP prostate cancer cells in a dose-dependent manner. Up-regulation by DHT is transient, reaching maximum levels after 24 hours and decreases slightly after 48 hours.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for MAK Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MAK Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003713 transcription coactivator activity IDA 16951154
GO:0004672 protein kinase activity NAS,IEA 2183027
GO:0004674 protein serine/threonine kinase activity IEA,IBA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 16951154
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MAK: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MAK: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for MAK Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for MAK Gene

MGI Knock Outs for MAK:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MAK Gene

Localization for MAK Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MAK Gene

Nucleus. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, microtubule organizing center, centrosome. Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, spindle. Midbody. Cell projection, cilium, photoreceptor outer segment. Photoreceptor inner segment. Note=Localized in both the connecting cilia and the outer segment axonemes (By similarity). Localized uniformly in nuclei during interphase, to the mitotic spindle and centrosomes during metaphase and anaphase, and also to midbody at anaphase until telophase. {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MAK gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MAK Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001750 photoreceptor outer segment ISS --
GO:0001917 photoreceptor inner segment IEA,IDA 21825139
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA,IEA 12084720
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,IBA --
GO:0005813 centrosome IDA 21986944
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MAK: view

Pathways & Interactions for MAK Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MAK: view

Pathways by source for MAK Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for MAK Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MAK Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006468 protein phosphorylation IDA,IEA 21986944
GO:0007275 multicellular organism development IEA --
GO:0007283 spermatogenesis NAS 2183027
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MAK: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for MAK Gene

Drugs & Compounds for MAK Gene

(1) Drugs for MAK Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Adenosine triphosphate Approved Nutra 0

(1) Additional Compounds for MAK Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-diphosphate
Full agonist, Agonist 58-64-0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with MAK: view

Transcripts for MAK Gene

Unigene Clusters for MAK Gene

Male germ cell-associated kinase:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MAK Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11a · 11b ^ 12 ^ 13a · 13b ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17
SP1: - - -
SP2: -
SP3: - -
SP5: -
SP7: -

Relevant External Links for MAK Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for MAK Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for MAK Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for MAK Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x16.3) and Testis (x9.9).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MAK Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Plasma (62.0) and Ovary (7.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for MAK Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for MAK Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of MAK Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MAK Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MAK Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in prostate cancer cell lines at generally higher levels than in normal prostate epithelial cell lines. Isoform 1 is expressed in kidney, testis, lung, trachea, and retina. Isoform 2 is retina-specific where it is expressed in rod and cone photoreceptors.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for MAK Gene

  • Eye(4.3)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for MAK Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cerebellum
  • cranial nerve
  • ear
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • middle ear
  • nose
  • outer ear
  • skull
  • penis
  • testicle
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • peripheral nervous system
  • red blood cell
  • skin
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MAK: view

Primer Products

Orthologs for MAK Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for MAK Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MAK 34 35
  • 99.23 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia MAK 34 35
  • 91.1 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MAK 34 35
  • 86.41 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Mak 34
  • 83.49 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Mak 34 16 35
  • 82.4 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MAK 35
  • 76 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MAK 35
  • 75 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MAK 34 35
  • 73.98 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MAK 35
  • 66 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia mak 34
  • 67.49 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii mak 34 35
  • 60.62 (n)
wufj04c02 34
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.8461 34
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG6800 36
  • 33 (a)
CG42366 35
  • 33 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea M04C9.5 36
  • 68 (a)
dyf-5 35
  • 48 (a)
H01G02.2 36
  • 32 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes IME2 35
  • 22 (a)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons MHK 34
  • 61.96 (n)
(Glycine max)
eudicotyledons Gma.1663 34
Alicante grape
(Vitis vinifera)
eudicotyledons Vvi.9989 34
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os03g0847600 34
  • 61.77 (n)
Os.7910 34
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.3415 34
(Triticum aestivum)
Liliopsida Ta.7252 34
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 68 (a)
Species where no ortholog for MAK was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)

Evolution for MAK Gene

Gene Tree for MAK (if available)
Gene Tree for MAK (if available)

Paralogs for MAK Gene

Variants for MAK Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MAK Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 06 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs387906646 Pathogenic, Retinitis pigmentosa 62 (RP62) [MIM:614181] 10,808,913(-) CAGAA(A/C)ACTTG nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs387906647 Pathogenic, Retinitis pigmentosa 62 (RP62) [MIM:614181] 10,830,612(-) GGGAC(A/C/G)GCACG intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs387906648 Pathogenic, Retinitis pigmentosa 62 (RP62) [MIM:614181] 10,803,886(-) GTATC(A/G)TGCCC nc-transcript-variant, upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs750559316 Retinitis pigmentosa 62 (RP62) [MIM:614181] 10,803,841(+) CATCA(A/G)TGGGA nc-transcript-variant, upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs754916169 Retinitis pigmentosa 62 (RP62) [MIM:614181] 10,830,570(+) CTCCC(C/G/T)GGATT intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MAK Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1137064 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv462631 CNV gain 19166990
nsv470800 CNV gain 18288195
nsv5196 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv5197 CNV deletion 18451855
nsv600979 CNV gain 21841781
nsv966670 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for MAK Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 38.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.13; 51.39% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for MAK Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MAK Gene

Disorders for MAK Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for MAK Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
retinitis pigmentosa 62
  • rp62
mak-related retinitis pigmentosa
  • retinitis pigmentosa 62
retinitis pigmentosa
  • retinitis pigmentosa 1
macular dystrophy, dominant cystoid
  • cystoid macular edema
prostate cancer
  • prostate cancer, hereditary, 5
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search MAK in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Retinitis pigmentosa 62 (RP62) [MIM:614181]: A retinal dystrophy belonging to the group of pigmentary retinopathies. Retinitis pigmentosa is characterized by retinal pigment deposits visible on fundus examination and primary loss of rod photoreceptor cells followed by secondary loss of cone photoreceptors. Patients typically have night vision blindness and loss of midperipheral visual field. As their condition progresses, they lose their far peripheral visual field and eventually central vision as well. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:21825139, ECO:0000269 PubMed:21835304}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for MAK

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MAK: view

No data available for Genatlas for MAK Gene

Publications for MAK Gene

  1. Male germ cell-associated kinase, a male-specific kinase regulated by androgen, is a coactivator of androgen receptor in prostate cancer cells. (PMID: 16951154) Ma A.H. … Kung H.J. (Cancer Res. 2006) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. Male germ cell-associated kinase is overexpressed in prostate cancer cells and causes mitotic defects via deregulation of APC/C(CDH1). (PMID: 21986944) Wang L.Y. … Kung H.J. (Oncogene 2012) 3 4 64
  3. Full-length transcriptome analysis of human retina-derived cell lines ARPE-19 and Y79 using the vector-capping method. (PMID: 21697133) Oshikawa M. … Kato S. (Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci. 2011) 3 4 64
  4. Exome sequencing and analysis of induced pluripotent stem cells identify the cilia-related gene male germ cell-associated kinase (MAK) as a cause of retinitis pigmentosa. (PMID: 21825139) Tucker B.A. … Stone E.M. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2011) 3 4 64
  5. Exome sequencing and cis-regulatory mapping identify mutations in MAK, a gene encoding a regulator of ciliary length, as a cause of retinitis pigmentosa. (PMID: 21835304) Ozgul R.K. … Corbo J.C. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2011) 3 4 64

Products for MAK Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for MAK

Sources for MAK Gene

Loading form....