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Aliases for MAF Gene

Aliases for MAF Gene

  • MAF BZIP Transcription Factor 2 3 5
  • V-Maf Avian Musculoaponeurotic Fibrosarcoma Oncogene Homolog 2 3
  • Proto-Oncogene C-Maf 3 4
  • Avian Musculoaponeurotic Fibrosarcoma (MAF) Protooncogene 3
  • V-Maf Musculoaponeurotic Fibrosarcoma Oncogene Homolog 4
  • T Lymphocyte C-Maf Long Form 3
  • Transcription Factor Maf 3
  • C-Maf Proto-Oncogene 3
  • CTRCT21 3
  • AYGRP 3
  • C-MAF 3
  • CCA4 3

External Ids for MAF Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MAF Gene

  • GC16M070559
  • GC16M080589
  • GC16M079366
  • GC16M079407
  • GC16M078185
  • GC16M079627
  • GC16M065384

Summaries for MAF Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for MAF Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a DNA-binding, leucine zipper-containing transcription factor that acts as a homodimer or as a heterodimer. Depending on the binding site and binding partner, the encoded protein can be a transcriptional activator or repressor. This protein plays a role in the regulation of several cellular processes, including embryonic lens fiber cell development, increased T-cell susceptibility to apoptosis, and chondrocyte terminal differentiation. Defects in this gene are a cause of juvenile-onset pulverulent cataract as well as congenital cerulean cataract 4 (CCA4). Two transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]

GeneCards Summary for MAF Gene

MAF (MAF BZIP Transcription Factor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MAF include Ayme-Gripp Syndrome and Cataract 21, Multiple Types. Among its related pathways are Transcriptional misregulation in cancer and Th17 cell differentiation. GO annotations related to this gene include transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding and transcriptional activator activity, RNA polymerase II transcription regulatory region sequence-specific binding. An important paralog of this gene is MAFB.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MAF Gene

  • Acts as a transcriptional activator or repressor. Involved in embryonic lens fiber cell development. Recruits the transcriptional coactivators CREBBP and/or EP300 to crystallin promoters leading to up-regulation of crystallin gene during lens fiber cell differentiation. Activates the expression of IL4 in T helper 2 (Th2) cells. Increases T-cell susceptibility to apoptosis by interacting with MYB and decreasing BCL2 expression. Together with PAX6, transactivates strongly the glucagon gene promoter through the G1 element. Activates transcription of the CD13 proximal promoter in endothelial cells. Represses transcription of the CD13 promoter in early stages of myelopoiesis by affecting the ETS1 and MYB cooperative interaction. Involved in the initial chondrocyte terminal differentiation and the disappearance of hypertrophic chondrocytes during endochondral bone development. Binds to the sequence 5-[GT]G[GC]N[GT]NCTCAGNN-3 in the L7 promoter. Binds to the T-MARE (Maf response element) sites of lens-specific alpha- and beta-crystallin gene promoters. Binds element G1 on the glucagon promoter. Binds an AT-rich region adjacent to the TGC motif (atypical Maf response element) in the CD13 proximal promoter in endothelial cells (By similarity). When overexpressed, represses anti-oxidant response element (ARE)-mediated transcription. Involved either as an oncogene or as a tumor suppressor, depending on the cell context. Binds to the ARE sites of detoxifying enzyme gene promoters.

Gene Wiki entry for MAF Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for MAF Gene

Genomics for MAF Gene

Regulatory Elements for MAF Gene

Enhancers for MAF Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH16F079591 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 13.5 +2.5 2518 13.0 PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 YBX1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF143 ZNF416 FOS MAF LINC01229 MAFTRR ENSG00000261472
GH16F079415 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 13.3 +183.0 182985 4.0 ZNF263 RNF2 MAFG ZBTB40 RAD21 NR2F2 ZNF316 MAFF SMARCA4 IKZF1 MAF ENSG00000261472 RNA5SP431
GH16F079380 1.2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 13.1 +219.3 219313 1.7 GATA3 STAT1 REST NR2F2 MAF RNA5SP431 ENSG00000261472
GH16F079764 1.3 FANTOM5 ENCODE 10.8 -168.0 -167961 9.1 ATF1 PKNOX1 ARID4B YY1 CBX5 GATA2 FOS NFYC REST CREB3 LINC01229 MAF MAFTRR ENSG00000279378
GH16F079327 1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 12.3 +271.8 271832 2.1 CBX8 KDM1A MAF RNA5SP431 ENSG00000261472
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around MAF on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for MAF Gene

Chromosome:
16
Start:
79,212,772 bp from pter
End:
79,600,786 bp from pter
Size:
388,015 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for MAF Gene

Genes around MAF on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
MAF Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for MAF Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for MAF Gene

Proteins for MAF Gene

  • Protein details for MAF Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O75444-MAF_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Transcription factor Maf
    Protein Accession:
    O75444
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q66I47
    • Q9UP93

    Protein attributes for MAF Gene

    Size:
    373 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    38492 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer or heterodimer with other bHLH-Zip transcription factors. Binds DNA as a homodimer or as a heterodimer. Heterotetramer of two MAF and two USF2. Interacts with PAX6; the interaction is direct. Interacts with MYB; interaction takes place weakly in normal T-cells and increases in T-cells following stimulation through the TCR engagement. Interacts with MYB; the ternary complex formed with MYB and the CD13 promoter is regulated in response to differentiating signals. Interacts with USF2; the interaction inhibits its DNA-binding activity on the L7 promoter. Interacts with CREBBP, EP300 and ETS1 (By similarity).

    Alternative splice isoforms for MAF Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for MAF Gene

Post-translational modifications for MAF Gene

  • Phosphorylated by GSK3 and MAPK13 on serine and threonine residues (Probable). The phosphorylation status can serve to either stimulate or inhibit transcription.
  • Ubiquitinated, leading to its degradation by the proteasome. Ubiquitination is triggered by glucocorticoids.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for MAF Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for MAF Gene

Domains & Families for MAF Gene

Gene Families for MAF Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for MAF Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O75444

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

MAF_HUMAN :
  • Contains 1 bZIP (basic-leucine zipper) domain.
  • Belongs to the bZIP family. Maf subfamily.
Domain:
  • Contains 1 bZIP (basic-leucine zipper) domain.
Family:
  • Belongs to the bZIP family. Maf subfamily.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with MAF: view

Function for MAF Gene

Molecular function for MAF Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
avian musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma (v-maf) oncogene homolog
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Acts as a transcriptional activator or repressor. Involved in embryonic lens fiber cell development. Recruits the transcriptional coactivators CREBBP and/or EP300 to crystallin promoters leading to up-regulation of crystallin gene during lens fiber cell differentiation. Activates the expression of IL4 in T helper 2 (Th2) cells. Increases T-cell susceptibility to apoptosis by interacting with MYB and decreasing BCL2 expression. Together with PAX6, transactivates strongly the glucagon gene promoter through the G1 element. Activates transcription of the CD13 proximal promoter in endothelial cells. Represses transcription of the CD13 promoter in early stages of myelopoiesis by affecting the ETS1 and MYB cooperative interaction. Involved in the initial chondrocyte terminal differentiation and the disappearance of hypertrophic chondrocytes during endochondral bone development. Binds to the sequence 5-[GT]G[GC]N[GT]NCTCAGNN-3 in the L7 promoter. Binds to the T-MARE (Maf response element) sites of lens-specific alpha- and beta-crystallin gene promoters. Binds element G1 on the glucagon promoter. Binds an AT-rich region adjacent to the TGC motif (atypical Maf response element) in the CD13 proximal promoter in endothelial cells (By similarity). When overexpressed, represses anti-oxidant response element (ARE)-mediated transcription. Involved either as an oncogene or as a tumor suppressor, depending on the cell context. Binds to the ARE sites of detoxifying enzyme gene promoters.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Induction:
Up-regulated with tert-butyl hydroquinone (t-BHQ).

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for MAF Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001228 transcriptional activator activity, RNA polymerase II transcription regulatory region sequence-specific binding IBA --
GO:0003677 DNA binding IEA --
GO:0003700 transcription factor activity, sequence-specific DNA binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 20102225
GO:0043565 sequence-specific DNA binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MAF: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with MAF: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for MAF Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for MAF Gene

MGI Knock Outs for MAF:

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for MAF Gene

Localization for MAF Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MAF Gene

Nucleus.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for MAF gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
plasma membrane 2
extracellular 2
cytosol 2
cytoskeleton 1
peroxisome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for MAF Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000785 chromatin TAS 9616139
GO:0005634 nucleus IBA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MAF: view

Pathways & Interactions for MAF Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with MAF: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for MAF Gene

Inactivates:
Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for MAF Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription from RNA polymerase II promoter IEA --
GO:0001816 cytokine production IEA --
GO:0002088 lens development in camera-type eye IEA --
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0006355 regulation of transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with MAF: view

Drugs & Compounds for MAF Gene

(3) Drugs for MAF Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(1) Additional Compounds for MAF Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with MAF: view

Transcripts for MAF Gene

Unigene Clusters for MAF Gene

V-maf musculoaponeurotic fibrosarcoma oncogene homolog (avian):
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for MAF Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for MAF Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
MAF
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
MAF

Expression for MAF Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for MAF Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for MAF Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Synovial fluid (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for MAF Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for MAF Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of MAF Gene:

MAF

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for MAF Gene:

Hs.134859

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for MAF Gene:

O75444-MAF_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed in endothelial cells.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with MAF: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for MAF Gene

Orthologs for MAF Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for MAF Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia MAF 34 35
  • 99.73 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Maf 34 16 35
  • 93.24 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia MAF 34 35
  • 92.4 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Maf 34
  • 91.87 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia MAF 35
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia MAF 35
  • 84 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves MAF 35
  • 88 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia MAF 35
  • 69 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia Str.15477 34
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii maf 34 35
  • 80 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta tj 35
  • 22 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea maf-1 35
  • 31 (a)
OneToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 35
  • 25 (a)
ManyToMany
Species where no ortholog for MAF was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for MAF Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for MAF (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for MAF (if available)

Paralogs for MAF Gene

Paralogs for MAF Gene

(6) SIMAP similar genes for MAF Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with MAF: view

Variants for MAF Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for MAF Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 16 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs121917735 Cataract 21, multiple types (CTRCT21) [MIM:610202], Pathogenic 79,599,040(-) GATCC(A/C/G)GCTGA nc-transcript-variant, upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs121917736 Cataract 21, multiple types (CTRCT21) [MIM:610202], Pathogenic 79,599,013(-) CCTGA(A/G)AAACC nc-transcript-variant, upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs727502766 Ayme-Gripp syndrome (AYGRP) [MIM:601088], Pathogenic 79,599,742(-) GGGCT(C/T)GCTGT nc-transcript-variant, upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs727502767 Ayme-Gripp syndrome (AYGRP) [MIM:601088], Pathogenic 79,599,731(-) CCTCC(A/G)CCCCC nc-transcript-variant, upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs727502768 Ayme-Gripp syndrome (AYGRP) [MIM:601088], Pathogenic 79,599,697(-) GCCCC(C/G)TTCCC nc-transcript-variant, upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for MAF Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv833295 CNV gain 17160897
nsv827769 CNV gain 20364138
nsv827768 CNV gain 20364138
nsv819930 CNV gain 19587683
nsv573289 CNV loss 21841781
nsv573285 CNV gain 21841781
nsv1071298 CNV deletion 25765185
esv2672388 CNV deletion 23128226

Variation tolerance for MAF Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 29.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.97; 20.09% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for MAF Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
MAF
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
MAF

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MAF Gene

Disorders for MAF Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(18) MalaCards diseases for MAF Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
ayme-gripp syndrome
  • cataract
cataract 21, multiple types
  • cataract 21 multiple types
cerulean cataract
  • cca1
cataract microcornea syndrome
  • microcornea cataract syndrome
cataract 30, pulverulent
  • cataract 30
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search MAF in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

MAF_HUMAN
  • Ayme-Gripp syndrome (AYGRP) [MIM:601088]: A multisystem disorder characterized by congenital cataracts, sensorineural deafness, intellectual disability, seizures, brachycephaly, distinctive flat facial appearance, skeletal anomalies, mammary gland hypoplasia, and reduced growth. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:25865493}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Cataract 21, multiple types (CTRCT21) [MIM:610202]: An opacification of the crystalline lens of the eye that frequently results in visual impairment or blindness. Opacities vary in morphology, are often confined to a portion of the lens, and may be static or progressive. In general, the more posteriorly located and dense an opacity, the greater the impact on visual function. CTRCT21 includes cerulean and pulverulent cataracts. Cerulean cataracts are characterized by peripheral bluish and white opacifications organized in concentric layers with occasional central lesions arranged radially. The opacities are observed in the superficial layers of the fetal nucleus as well as the adult nucleus of the lens. Involvement is usually bilateral. Visual acuity is only mildly reduced in childhood. In adulthood, the opacifications may progress, making lens extraction necessary. Histologically the lesions are described as fusiform cavities between lens fibers which contain a deeply staining granular material. Although the lesions may take on various colors, a dull blue is the most common appearance and is responsible for the designation cerulean cataract. Pulverulent cataracts are characterized by a dust-like, pulverised appearance of the opacities which can be found in any part of the lens. In some cases cataract is associated with microcornea without any other systemic anomaly or dysmorphism. Microcornea is defined by a corneal diameter inferior to 10 mm in both meridians in an otherwise normal eye. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11772997, ECO:0000269 PubMed:16470690, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24664492}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.
  • Note=A chromosomal aberration involving MAF is found in some forms of multiple myeloma (MM). Translocation t(14;16)(q32.3;q23) with an IgH locus.

Relevant External Links for MAF

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
MAF
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
MAF
Tumor Gene Database (TGDB):
MAF
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
MAF
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with MAF: view

No data available for Genatlas for MAF Gene

Publications for MAF Gene

  1. CD13/APN transcription is regulated by the proto-oncogene c-Maf via an atypical response element. (PMID: 17897790) Mahoney K.M. … Shapiro L.H. (Gene 2007) 3 4 22 64
  2. A novel mutation in the DNA-binding domain of MAF at 16q23.1 associated with autosomal dominant 'cerulean cataract' in an Indian family. (PMID: 16470690) Vanita V. … Singh J.R. (Am. J. Med. Genet. A 2006) 3 4 22 64
  3. Domain disruption and mutation of the bZIP transcription factor, MAF, associated with cataract, ocular anterior segment dysgenesis and coloboma. (PMID: 11772997) Jamieson R.V. … Black G.C. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2002) 3 4 22 64
  4. c-Maf negatively regulates ARE-mediated detoxifying enzyme genes expression and anti-oxidant induction. (PMID: 12149651) Dhakshinamoorthy S. … Jaiswal A.K. (Oncogene 2002) 3 4 22 64
  5. Mutations Impairing GSK3-Mediated MAF Phosphorylation Cause Cataract, Deafness, Intellectual Disability, Seizures, and a Down Syndrome-like Facies. (PMID: 25865493) Niceta M. … Tartaglia M. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2015) 3 4 64

Products for MAF Gene

Sources for MAF Gene

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