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Aliases for LYZ Gene

Aliases for LYZ Gene

  • Lysozyme 2 3 5
  • 1,4-Beta-N-Acetylmuramidase C 3 4
  • EC 4 63
  • LZM 3 4
  • Lysozyme (Renal Amyloidosis) 2
  • Renal Amyloidosis 2
  • C-Type Lysozyme 3
  • Lysozyme F1 3
  • LYZF1 3

External Ids for LYZ Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LYZ Gene

  • GC12M069521
  • GC12P069681
  • GC12P069458
  • GC12P068028
  • GC12P066791

Summaries for LYZ Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for LYZ Gene

  • This gene encodes human lysozyme, whose natural substrate is the bacterial cell wall peptidoglycan (cleaving the beta[1-4]glycosidic linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetylglucosamine). Lysozyme is one of the antimicrobial agents found in human milk, and is also present in spleen, lung, kidney, white blood cells, plasma, saliva, and tears. The protein has antibacterial activity against a number of bacterial species. Missense mutations in this gene have been identified in heritable renal amyloidosis. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]

GeneCards Summary for LYZ Gene

LYZ (Lysozyme) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LYZ include Amyloidosis, Familial Visceral and Al Amyloidosis. Among its related pathways are Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3 and Salivary secretion. GO annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and lysozyme activity. An important paralog of this gene is SPACA5B.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LYZ Gene

  • Lysozymes have primarily a bacteriolytic function; those in tissues and body fluids are associated with the monocyte-macrophage system and enhance the activity of immunoagents.

Gene Wiki entry for LYZ Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for LYZ Gene

Genomics for LYZ Gene

Regulatory Elements for LYZ Gene

Enhancers for LYZ Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around LYZ on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for LYZ Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around LYZ on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for LYZ Gene

69,348,341 bp from pter
69,354,234 bp from pter
5,894 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for LYZ Gene

Genes around LYZ on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
LYZ Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for LYZ Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for LYZ Gene

Proteins for LYZ Gene

  • Protein details for LYZ Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Lysozyme C
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • P00695
    • Q13170
    • Q9UCF8

    Protein attributes for LYZ Gene

    148 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    16537 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Monomer.
    • Lysozyme C is capable of both hydrolysis and transglycosylation; it shows also a slight esterase activity. It acts rapidly on both peptide-substituted and unsubstituted peptidoglycan, and slowly on chitin oligosaccharides.
    • Sequence=CAA32175.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for LYZ Gene

neXtProt entry for LYZ Gene

Proteomics data for LYZ Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for LYZ Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for LYZ Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Domains & Families for LYZ Gene

Gene Families for LYZ Gene

Protein Domains for LYZ Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for LYZ Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 22 family.
  • Belongs to the glycosyl hydrolase 22 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with LYZ: view

Function for LYZ Gene

Molecular function for LYZ Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
lysozyme,14.5kDa,released from azurophilic granules of neutrophils,oxygen independent phagocytosis of Gram- bacteria
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Hydrolysis of (1->4)-beta-linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in a peptidoglycan and between N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitodextrins.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Lysozymes have primarily a bacteriolytic function; those in tissues and body fluids are associated with the monocyte-macrophage system and enhance the activity of immunoagents.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for LYZ Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with LYZ: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for LYZ Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for LYZ Gene

MGI Knock Outs for LYZ:

Animal Model Products

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for LYZ Gene

Localization for LYZ Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LYZ Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for LYZ Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for LYZ gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytoskeleton 2
cytosol 2
endoplasmic reticulum 2
lysosome 2
nucleus 2
plasma membrane 2
vacuole 2
endosome 1
mitochondrion 1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for LYZ Gene

Pathways & Interactions for LYZ Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with LYZ: view

Pathways by source for LYZ Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for LYZ Gene
2 Reactome pathways for LYZ Gene
1 KEGG pathway for LYZ Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for LYZ Gene

Is activated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for LYZ Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001895 retina homeostasis IEP 23580065
GO:0019835 cytolysis IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LYZ: view

Drugs & Compounds for LYZ Gene

(15) Drugs for LYZ Gene - From: DrugBank and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
L-Aspartic acid Approved Nutra Target NMDA agonist 0
N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine Approved Nutra 0
1-Proponol Experimental Pharma Target 0
3-Aminosuccinimide Experimental Pharma Target 0
4-Aminophenylarsonic Acid Experimental Pharma Target 0

(2) Additional Compounds for LYZ Gene - From: Novoseek and HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • (+)-mannose
  • (+-)-mannose
  • Carubinose
  • D(+)-Mannose
  • D-Mannopyranose
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with LYZ: view

Transcripts for LYZ Gene

mRNA/cDNA for LYZ Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(10) Additional mRNA sequences :
(10) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(3) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for LYZ Gene

Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for LYZ Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b
SP1: -
SP2: - -

Relevant External Links for LYZ Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for LYZ Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for LYZ Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for LYZ Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Whole Blood (x27.8) and Minor Salivary Gland (x14.6).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for LYZ Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Milk (31.8), Neutrophil (11.0), and Saliva (8.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for LYZ Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for LYZ Gene Hs.524579

genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with LYZ: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for LYZ Gene

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for LYZ Gene

Orthologs for LYZ Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for LYZ Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LYZ 35
  • 87.16 (n)
  • 81.08 (a)
-- 36
  • 73 (a)
-- 36
  • 71 (a)
-- 36
  • 75 (a)
-- 36
  • 70 (a)
-- 36
  • 65 (a)
  • 70 (a)
LYZ 36
  • 81 (a)
LYZ1 36
  • 80 (a)
LYZ1 36
  • 70 (a)
LYZ2 36
  • 69 (a)
LYZ3 36
  • 70 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LYZ 35
  • 83.78 (n)
  • 80.41 (a)
LYZ 36
  • 80 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Lyz2 35
  • 78.15 (n)
  • 76.35 (a)
Lyz2 16
9530003J23Rik 36
  • 60 (a)
Lyz1 36
  • 76 (a)
Lyz2 36
  • 76 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LYZ 35
  • 99.32 (n)
  • 100 (a)
LYZ 36
  • 100 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Lyz2 35
  • 76.35 (n)
  • 71.62 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 70 (a)
-- 36
  • 66 (a)
-- 36
  • 69 (a)
-- 36
  • 56 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia LYZ 36
  • 74 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LYZ 35
  • 60.92 (n)
  • 57.93 (a)
LYZ 36
  • 57 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia LYZ 36
  • 49 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100492798 35
  • 61.34 (n)
  • 58.33 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG11159 36
  • 32 (a)
CG16756 36
  • 35 (a)
CG16799 36
  • 25 (a)
CG30062 36
  • 29 (a)
CG7798 36
  • 41 (a)
CG8492 36
  • 4 (a)
LysB 36
  • 40 (a)
LysC 36
  • 39 (a)
LysD 36
  • 40 (a)
LysE 36
  • 41 (a)
LysP 36
  • 38 (a)
LysS 36
  • 39 (a)
LysX 36
  • 37 (a)
Species with no ortholog for LYZ:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for LYZ Gene

Gene Tree for LYZ (if available)
Gene Tree for LYZ (if available)

Paralogs for LYZ Gene

Paralogs for LYZ Gene

(8) SIMAP similar genes for LYZ Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with LYZ: view

Variants for LYZ Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for LYZ Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_004280 Amyloidosis 8 (AMYL8)
VAR_004281 Amyloidosis 8 (AMYL8)
rs1800973 - 69,350,234(+) CAAAA(A/C)CCCAG reference, missense
rs1384 -- 69,354,054(+) GATTT(C/T)TTAAA utr-variant-3-prime
rs2553 -- 69,353,418(+) TTTTT(C/T)AGTTT utr-variant-3-prime

Variation tolerance for LYZ Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 81.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.23; 40.10% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for LYZ Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for LYZ Gene

Disorders for LYZ Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(72) MalaCards diseases for LYZ Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
amyloidosis, familial visceral
  • amyloidosis, 3 or more types
al amyloidosis
  • amyloidosis al
lyz-related familial visceral amyloidosis
  • amyloid disease
reticulohistiocytic granuloma
  • reticulohistiocytoma
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search LYZ in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Amyloidosis 8 (AMYL8) [MIM:105200]: A hereditary generalized amyloidosis due to deposition of apolipoprotein A1, fibrinogen and lysozyme amyloids. Viscera are particularly affected. There is no involvement of the nervous system. Clinical features include renal amyloidosis resulting in nephrotic syndrome, arterial hypertension, hepatosplenomegaly, cholestasis, petechial skin rash. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:8464497}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for LYZ

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with LYZ: view

No data available for Genatlas for LYZ Gene

Publications for LYZ Gene

  1. Human lysozyme gene mutations cause hereditary systemic amyloidosis. (PMID: 8464497) Pepy M.B. … Hsuan J.J. (Nature 1993) 2 3 4 67
  2. Genomic association analysis suggests chromosome 12 locus influencing antihypertensive response to thiazide diuretic. (PMID: 18591461) Turner S.T. … Boerwinkle E. (Hypertension 2008) 3 23
  3. ALys amyloidosis caused by compound heterozygosity in exon 2 (Thr70Asn) and exon 4 (Trp112Arg) of the lysozyme gene. (PMID: 16329101) RAPcken C. … Albert F.W. (Hum. Mutat. 2006) 3 23
  4. Drugs, their targets and the nature and number of drug targets. (PMID: 17016423) Imming P. … Meyer A. (Nat Rev Drug Discov 2006) 25 26
  5. How many drug targets are there? (PMID: 17139284) Overington J.P. … Hopkins A.L. (Nat Rev Drug Discov 2006) 25 26

Products for LYZ Gene

Sources for LYZ Gene