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Aliases for LRRN2 Gene

Aliases for LRRN2 Gene

  • Leucine Rich Repeat Neuronal 2 2 3 5
  • Fibronectin Type III, Immunoglobulin And Leucine Rich Repeat Domain 7 2 3
  • Glioma Amplified On Chromosome 1 Protein 3 4
  • Leucine-Rich Repeat Neuronal Protein 5 3 4
  • Leucine Rich And Ankyrin Repeats 1 2 3
  • Leucine Rich Repeat Neuronal 5 2 3
  • LRRN5 3 4
  • GAC1 3 4
  • Leucine-Rich Repeat Neuronal Protein 2 3
  • FIGLER7 3
  • LRANK1 3

External Ids for LRRN2 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for LRRN2 Gene

  • LRRN5

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LRRN2 Gene

  • GC00U911621
  • GC01M202853
  • GC01M175751

Summaries for LRRN2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for LRRN2 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the leucine-rich repeat superfamily. This gene was found to be amplified and overexpressed in malignant gliomas. The encoded protein has homology with other proteins that function as cell-adhesion molecules or as signal transduction receptors and is a candidate for the target gene in the 1q32.1 amplicon in malignant gliomas. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for LRRN2 Gene

LRRN2 (Leucine Rich Repeat Neuronal 2) is a Protein Coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is LRRN1.

Gene Wiki entry for LRRN2 Gene

Additional gene information for LRRN2 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for LRRN2 Gene

Genomics for LRRN2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for LRRN2 Gene

Enhancers for LRRN2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH01H204578 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 17.1 +106.7 106651 2.1 HDGF MAX EBF1 FOXK2 EED SCRT2 ATF7 ETV6 RUNX3 IKZF2 LRRN2 ENSG00000240710 ENSG00000228153 MDM4 LOC105371692 RNA5SP74 GC01M204562
GH01H204562 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10 +121.0 121008 5.3 HDGF PKNOX1 ATF1 ARNT SIN3A TCF12 ZNF766 ELK1 GATA2 ZNF143 MDM4 ENSG00000240710 LRRN2 TMCC2 NFASC PIK3C2B GC01M204562 RNA5SP74 LOC105371692
GH01H204460 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.6 +221.5 221469 7.5 TBL1XR1 BATF TCF12 ZNF766 GATA2 EGR1 ATF7 ETV6 RUNX3 IKZF2 PIK3C2B PPP1R15B TMCC2 LRRN2 SOX13 ZC3H11A
GH01H204763 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 10.6 -78.2 -78198 0.7 PKNOX1 ARNT SIN3A ZNF2 ZBTB7B ETS1 ELK1 ZNF143 FOS ATF7 ZC3H11A SNRPE MDM4 LRRN2 NFASC GC01P204728
GH01H204806 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 10.2 -121.4 -121387 1.1 HDGF ATF1 ARNT ZNF133 ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 ZBTB7B YY1 ZNF207 NFASC LRRN2 GC01P204728
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around LRRN2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for LRRN2 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters
ENSR00000018674 533 401 LEF1 MXI1 KLF1 KLF17 RFX5 E2F1 GLIS2 ZBTB48 PATZ1 SCRT2

Genomic Locations for LRRN2 Gene

Genomic Locations for LRRN2 Gene
68,564 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for LRRN2 Gene

Genes around LRRN2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
LRRN2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for LRRN2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for LRRN2 Gene

Proteins for LRRN2 Gene

  • Protein details for LRRN2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Leucine-rich repeat neuronal protein 2
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R624
    • Q5T0Y0
    • Q6UXM0
    • Q8N182

    Protein attributes for LRRN2 Gene

    713 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    78859 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for LRRN2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for LRRN2 Gene

  • Glycosylation at posLast=9494, Asn381, Asn555, and Asn583
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for LRRN2 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for LRRN2 Gene

Domains & Families for LRRN2 Gene

Gene Families for LRRN2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted membrane proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for LRRN2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with LRRN2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LRRN2 Gene

Function for LRRN2 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for LRRN2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for LRRN2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004872 receptor activity TAS 9662332
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LRRN2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with LRRN2: view

Animal Models for LRRN2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for LRRN2:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for LRRN2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target LRRN2

Clone Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for LRRN2 Gene

Localization for LRRN2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LRRN2 Gene

Membrane; Single-pass type I membrane protein.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for LRRN2 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 4
plasma membrane 3
endoplasmic reticulum 1
lysosome 1
golgi apparatus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Endoplasmic reticulum (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for LRRN2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005578 proteinaceous extracellular matrix IBA --
GO:0005615 extracellular space IBA --
GO:0016020 membrane IEA --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LRRN2: view

Pathways & Interactions for LRRN2 Gene

SuperPathways for LRRN2 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for LRRN2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007155 cell adhesion TAS 9662332
GO:0007165 signal transduction TAS 9662332
GO:0007409 axonogenesis IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LRRN2: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for LRRN2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for LRRN2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for LRRN2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for LRRN2 Gene

Leucine rich repeat neuronal 2:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for LRRN2 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5a · 5b · 5c · 5d
SP1: - -
SP2: - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - - -

Relevant External Links for LRRN2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for LRRN2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for LRRN2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of LRRN2 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for LRRN2 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for LRRN2 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Overamplified in malignant gliomas.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for LRRN2 Gene

  • Nervous system(4.5)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with LRRN2: view

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for LRRN2 Gene

Orthologs for LRRN2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for LRRN2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LRRN2 33 34
  • 99.08 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LRRN2 33 34
  • 90.68 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Lrrn2 33 16 34
  • 87.27 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Lrrn2 33
  • 87.08 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LRRN5 34
  • 82 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia LRRN2 34
  • 80 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia LRRN2 34
  • 64 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LRRN2 33 34
  • 71.45 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia LRRN2 34
  • 66 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii LOC558051 33
  • 60.17 (n)
LRRN2 34
  • 52 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP011378 33
  • 49.26 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta trn 33 34
  • 44.29 (n)
caps 34
  • 25 (a)
CG14762 34
  • 22 (a)
Fili 34
  • 21 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea lron-11 34
  • 23 (a)
Species where no ortholog for LRRN2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for LRRN2 Gene

Gene Tree for LRRN2 (if available)
Gene Tree for LRRN2 (if available)

Paralogs for LRRN2 Gene

(2) SIMAP similar genes for LRRN2 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with LRRN2: view

Variants for LRRN2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for LRRN2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs1000083764 -- 204,645,798(+) GGGGA(A/T)ATGCC intron-variant
rs1000139022 -- 204,672,455(+) TCCCT(A/G)AGCCA intron-variant
rs1000241757 -- 204,631,526(+) GGATG(A/G)TAAAA intron-variant
rs1000259079 -- 204,622,382(+) CGTTC(C/T)CTGAG intron-variant
rs1000435995 -- 204,616,855(+) GCATT(A/T)GGTGA intron-variant, downstream-variant-500B

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for LRRN2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv4154 CNV insertion 18451855
esv3588622 CNV gain 21293372
esv3336117 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3328620 CNV insertion 20981092

Variation tolerance for LRRN2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 35.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 12.36; 94.19% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for LRRN2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LRRN2 Gene

Disorders for LRRN2 Gene

Relevant External Links for LRRN2

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:

No disorders were found for LRRN2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for LRRN2 Gene

Publications for LRRN2 Gene

  1. GAC1, a new member of the leucine-rich repeat superfamily on chromosome band 1q32.1, is amplified and overexpressed in malignant gliomas. (PMID: 9662332) Almeida A … Hanash S (Oncogene 1998) 2 3 4 22 60
  2. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 45 60
  3. The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. (PMID: 16710414) Gregory SG … Prigmore E (Nature 2006) 3 4 60
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 60
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 60

Products for LRRN2 Gene

Sources for LRRN2 Gene

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