Aliases for LRRK2 Gene
External Ids for LRRK2 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for LRRK2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LRRK2 Gene
This gene is a member of the leucine-rich repeat kinase family and encodes a protein with an ankryin repeat region, a leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domain, a kinase domain, a DFG-like motif, a RAS domain, a GTPase domain, a MLK-like domain, and a WD40 domain. The protein is present largely in the cytoplasm but also associates with the mitochondrial outer membrane. Mutations in this gene have been associated with Parkinson disease-8. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for LRRK2 Gene
LRRK2 (Leucine-Rich Repeat Kinase 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LRRK2 include parkinson disease 8 and lrrk2-related parkinson disease. Among its related pathways are MAPK signaling pathway and Neuroscience. GO annotations related to this gene include protein homodimerization activity and transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups. An important paralog of this gene is LRRK1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LRRK2 Gene
Positively regulates autophagy through a calcium-dependent activation of the CaMKK/AMPK signaling pathway. The process involves activation of nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) receptors, increase in lysosomal pH, and calcium release from lysosomes. Together with RAB29, plays a role in the retrograde trafficking pathway for recycling proteins, such as mannose 6 phosphate receptor (M6PR), between lysosomes and the Golgi apparatus in a retromer-dependent manner. Regulates neuronal process morphology in the intact central nervous system (CNS). Plays a role in synaptic vesicle trafficking. Phosphorylates PRDX3. Has GTPase activity. May play a role in the phosphorylation of proteins central to Parkinson disease.
Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2), also known as dardarin, is a large multidomain protein kinase that includes leucine-rich repeats and a GTPase domain. Mutations in LRRK2 are commonly associated with late-onset Parkinson's disease (PD).