Aliases for LOXL3 Gene
External Ids for LOXL3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LOXL3 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the lysyl oxidase gene family. The prototypic member of the family is essential to the biogenesis of connective tissue, encoding an extracellular copper-dependent amine oxidase that catalyses the first step in the formation of crosslinks in collagens and elastin. A highly conserved amino acid sequence at the C-terminus end appears to be sufficient for amine oxidase activity, suggesting that each family member may retain this function. The N-terminus is poorly conserved and may impart additional roles in developmental regulation, senescence, tumor suppression, cell growth control, and chemotaxis to each member of the family. Alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene have been reported but their full-length nature has not been determined. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for LOXL3 Gene
LOXL3 (Lysyl Oxidase Like 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LOXL3 include irregular astigmatism and stickler syndrome. Among its related pathways are Degradation of the extracellular matrix and Collagen biosynthesis and modifying enzymes. GO annotations related to this gene include copper ion binding and oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-NH2 group of donors, oxygen as acceptor. An important paralog of this gene is LOXL1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LOXL3 Gene
Both isoforms function as amine oxidases toward elastin and different types of collagens. Isoform 1 shows the highest activity toward collagen type VIII, while Isoform 2 presents the highest activity toward collagen type IV.