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Aliases for LOXL1 Gene

Aliases for LOXL1 Gene

  • Lysyl Oxidase Like 1 2 3 5
  • Lysyl Oxidase-Like Protein 1 3 4
  • LOXL 3 4
  • LOL 3 4
  • Lysyl Oxidase-Like 1 2
  • EC 63
  • EC 1.4.3.- 4
  • EC 1.4.3 63

External Ids for LOXL1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LOXL1 Gene

  • GC15P070239
  • GC15P067334
  • GC15P071794
  • GC15P071934
  • GC15P072005
  • GC15P074218
  • GC15P051050

Summaries for LOXL1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for LOXL1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the lysyl oxidase family of proteins. The prototypic member of the family is essential to the biogenesis of connective tissue, encoding an extracellular copper-dependent amine oxidase that catalyzes the first step in the formation of crosslinks in collagen and elastin. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate the mature enzyme. A highly conserved amino acid sequence at the C-terminus end appears to be sufficient for amine oxidase activity, suggesting that each family member may retain this function. The N-terminus is poorly conserved and may impart additional roles in developmental regulation, senescence, tumor suppression, cell growth control, and chemotaxis to each member of the family. Mutations in this gene are associated with exfoliation syndrome. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2016]

GeneCards Summary for LOXL1 Gene

LOXL1 (Lysyl Oxidase Like 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LOXL1 include Exfoliation Syndrome and Phacogenic Glaucoma. Among its related pathways are Collagen biosynthesis and modifying enzymes and Degradation of the extracellular matrix. GO annotations related to this gene include copper ion binding and oxidoreductase activity, acting on the CH-NH2 group of donors, oxygen as acceptor. An important paralog of this gene is SCARA5.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LOXL1 Gene

  • Active on elastin and collagen substrates.

Gene Wiki entry for LOXL1 Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for LOXL1 Gene

Genomics for LOXL1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for LOXL1 Gene

Enhancers for LOXL1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around LOXL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for LOXL1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around LOXL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the LOXL1 gene promoter:

Genomic Location for LOXL1 Gene

73,925,989 bp from pter
73,952,137 bp from pter
26,149 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for LOXL1 Gene

Genes around LOXL1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
LOXL1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for LOXL1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for LOXL1 Gene

Proteins for LOXL1 Gene

  • Protein details for LOXL1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Lysyl oxidase homolog 1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q6NUL3
    • Q96BW7

    Protein attributes for LOXL1 Gene

    574 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    63110 Da
    Name=Cu cation; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:23378;
    Name=lysine tyrosylquinone residue; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:20489;
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for LOXL1 Gene

Proteomics data for LOXL1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for LOXL1 Gene

  • The lysine tyrosylquinone cross-link (LTQ) is generated by condensation of the epsilon-amino group of a lysine with a topaquinone produced by oxidation of tyrosine.
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for LOXL1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Abcam antibodies for LOXL1

Domains & Families for LOXL1 Gene

Protein Domains for LOXL1 Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for LOXL1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the lysyl oxidase family.
  • Belongs to the lysyl oxidase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with LOXL1: view

No data available for Gene Families for LOXL1 Gene

Function for LOXL1 Gene

Molecular function for LOXL1 Gene

GENATLAS Biochemistry:
lysyl oxidase-like,copper dependent
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Active on elastin and collagen substrates.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for LOXL1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with LOXL1: view

Animal Models for LOXL1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for LOXL1:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for LOXL1

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for LOXL1 Gene

Localization for LOXL1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LOXL1 Gene

Secreted, extracellular space.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for LOXL1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for LOXL1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
lysosome 1
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1
vacuole 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for LOXL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001669 acrosomal vesicle IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LOXL1: view

Pathways & Interactions for LOXL1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with LOXL1: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for LOXL1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0018277 protein deamination TAS 7689553
GO:0030198 extracellular matrix organization TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LOXL1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for LOXL1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for LOXL1 Gene

(1) Drugs for LOXL1 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Copper Pharma 161
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with LOXL1: view

Transcripts for LOXL1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for LOXL1 Gene

Lysyl oxidase-like 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for LOXL1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7a · 7b ^ 8
SP1: - -
SP2: -
SP4: -

Relevant External Links for LOXL1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for LOXL1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for LOXL1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for LOXL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Artery - Aorta (x7.9).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for LOXL1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (18.7), Lung (16.5), Gallbladder (14.2), and Heart (6.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for LOXL1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for LOXL1 Gene Hs.65436

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for LOXL1 Gene

Tissue specificity: Expressed in ocular tissues including the iris, ciliary body, lens and optic nerve. Not detected in the retina.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with LOXL1: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners for LOXL1 Gene

Orthologs for LOXL1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for LOXL1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LOXL1 35
  • 89.56 (n)
  • 90.09 (a)
LOXL1 36
  • 88 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Loxl1 35
  • 87.05 (n)
  • 90.77 (a)
Loxl1 16
Loxl1 36
  • 87 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LOXL1 35
  • 98.72 (n)
  • 99.13 (a)
LOXL1 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Loxl1 35
  • 85.71 (n)
  • 89.9 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOXL1 36
  • 60 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia LOXL1 36
  • 75 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia LOXL1 36
  • 96 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LOXL1 35
  • 78.67 (n)
  • 80.62 (a)
LOXL1 36
  • 72 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia LOXL1 36
  • 63 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia loxl1 35
  • 59.85 (n)
  • 64.68 (a)
Str.17733 35
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.6074 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii loxl1 35
  • 60.79 (n)
  • 61.82 (a)
loxl1 36
  • 60 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta lox 36
  • 31 (a)
lox2 36
  • 25 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 51 (a)
Species with no ortholog for LOXL1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for LOXL1 Gene

Gene Tree for LOXL1 (if available)
Gene Tree for LOXL1 (if available)

Paralogs for LOXL1 Gene

Paralogs for LOXL1 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for LOXL1 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with LOXL1: view

Variants for LOXL1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for LOXL1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 15 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_022135 -
VAR_028436 -
rs3522 -- 73,952,003(+) CCGGA(C/T)GCCAG nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs8818 -- 73,951,937(+) AGGCA(C/G)GGAGG nc-transcript-variant, utr-variant-3-prime
rs5813732 -- 73,931,279(+) ACTTC(-/T/TAT)ACATG intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for LOXL1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1603 CNV Loss 18451855
nsv1604 CNV Insertion 18451855
dgv756e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv428308 CNV Gain+Loss 18775914

Variation tolerance for LOXL1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 82.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 16.47; 97.75% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for LOXL1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LOXL1 Gene

Disorders for LOXL1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(12) MalaCards diseases for LOXL1 Gene - From: OMIM, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
exfoliation syndrome
  • pseudoexfoliation glaucoma
phacogenic glaucoma
open-angle glaucoma
  • glaucoma simplex
iris disease
  • iris diseases
pigment dispersion syndrome
  • pigment-dispersion syndrome
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search LOXL1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Exfoliation syndrome (XFS) [MIM:177650]: A disorder characterized by accumulation of abnormal fibrillar deposits in the anterior segment of the eye. In addition to being a cause of glaucoma and glaucomatous optic neuropathy, exfoliation syndrome has also been associated with lens zonule weakness, cataract formation, and systemic vascular complications due to deposition of exfoliation material in extraocular tissues. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:18037624, ECO:0000269 PubMed:19343041}. Note=Disease susceptibility is associated with variations affecting the gene represented in this entry. Susceptibility to exfoliation syndrome is conferred by a risk haplotype that includes two LOXL1 coding non-synonymous SNPs (Arg141Leu and Gly153Asp) and one intronic SNP. Arg141Leu and Gly153Asp are sufficient to confer disease susceptibility in some populations.

Relevant External Links for LOXL1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with LOXL1: view

No data available for Genatlas for LOXL1 Gene

Publications for LOXL1 Gene

  1. Ancestral LOXL1 variants are associated with pseudoexfoliation in Caucasian Australians but with markedly lower penetrance than in Nordic people. (PMID: 18037624) Hewitt A.W. … Craig J.E. (Hum. Mol. Genet. 2008) 3 4 23 48 67
  2. Lysyl oxidase-like 1 gene polymorphisms in German patients with normal tension glaucoma, pigmentary glaucoma and exfoliation glaucoma. (PMID: 19373106) Wolf C. … Weisschuh N. (J. Glaucoma 2010) 3 23
  3. Ethnicity-based subgroup meta-analysis of the association of LOXL1 polymorphisms with glaucoma. (PMID: 20142848) Chen H. … Pang C.P. (Mol. Vis. 2010) 3 23
  4. Major LOXL1 risk allele is reversed in exfoliation glaucoma in a black South African population. (PMID: 20431720) Williams S.E. … Allingham R.R. (Mol. Vis. 2010) 3 23
  5. Genetics of pseudoexfoliation syndrome. (PMID: 19240540) Challa P. (Curr Opin Ophthalmol 2009) 3 23

Products for LOXL1 Gene

Sources for LOXL1 Gene