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Aliases for LIPT1 Gene

Aliases for LIPT1 Gene

  • Lipoyltransferase 1 2 3 5
  • Lipoate Biosynthesis Protein 3 4
  • Lipoyl Ligase 3 4
  • Lipoate-Protein Ligase 4
  • EC 2.3.1.- 4
  • LIPT1D 3

External Ids for LIPT1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LIPT1 Gene

  • GC02P098224
  • GC02P099375
  • GC00U914350
  • GC02P099393
  • GC02P099229
  • GC02P099138
  • GC02P099771
  • GC02P093537

Summaries for LIPT1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for LIPT1 Gene

  • The process of transferring lipoic acid to proteins is a two-step process. The first step is the activation of lipoic acid by lipoate-activating enzyme to form lipoyl-AMP. For the second step, the protein encoded by this gene transfers the lipoyl moiety to apoproteins. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. A related pseudogene has been identified on chromosome 13. Read-through transcription also exists between this gene and the neighboring downstream mitochondrial ribosomal protein L30 (MRPL30) gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]

GeneCards Summary for LIPT1 Gene

LIPT1 (Lipoyltransferase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LIPT1 include Lipoyltransferase 1 Deficiency and Leigh Syndrome With Leukodystrophy. Among its related pathways are Glyoxylate metabolism and glycine degradation and Metabolism. GO annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring acyl groups.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LIPT1 Gene

  • Catalyzes the transfer of the lipoyl group from lipoyl-AMP to the specific lysine residue of lipoyl domains of lipoate-dependent enzymes.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for LIPT1 Gene

Genomics for LIPT1 Gene

Regulatory Elements for LIPT1 Gene

Enhancers for LIPT1 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Score Enhancer Sources TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Other Gene Targets for Enhancer

Enhancers around LIPT1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for LIPT1 Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around LIPT1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for LIPT1 Gene

99,154,955 bp from pter
99,163,157 bp from pter
8,203 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for LIPT1 Gene

Genes around LIPT1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
LIPT1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for LIPT1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for LIPT1 Gene

Proteins for LIPT1 Gene

  • Protein details for LIPT1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Lipoyltransferase 1, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q4ZFZ1

    Protein attributes for LIPT1 Gene

    373 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    42479 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for LIPT1 Gene

Proteomics data for LIPT1 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for LIPT1 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at Lys 131, Lys 150, and Lys 264
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for LIPT1 Gene

Domains & Families for LIPT1 Gene

Protein Domains for LIPT1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for LIPT1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Contains 1 BPL/LPL catalytic domain.
  • Belongs to the LplA family.
  • Contains 1 BPL/LPL catalytic domain.
  • Belongs to the LplA family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with LIPT1: view

No data available for Gene Families for LIPT1 Gene

Function for LIPT1 Gene

Molecular function for LIPT1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Lipoyl-AMP + protein = protein N(6)-(lipoyl)lysine + AMP.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the transfer of the lipoyl group from lipoyl-AMP to the specific lysine residue of lipoyl domains of lipoate-dependent enzymes.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for LIPT1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with LIPT1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for LIPT1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for LIPT1 Gene

Localization for LIPT1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LIPT1 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for LIPT1 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for LIPT1 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 3
nucleus 2

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for LIPT1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for LIPT1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with LIPT1: view

Pathways by source for LIPT1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q9Y234-LIPT_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Protein modification; protein lipoylation via exogenous pathway; protein N(6)-(lipoyl)lysine from lipoate: step 2/2.

Interacting Proteins for LIPT1 Gene

Selected Interacting proteins: Q9Y234-LIPT_HUMAN for LIPT1 Gene via I2D MINT

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for LIPT1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006464 cellular protein modification process IEA,TAS 10103005
GO:0046487 glyoxylate metabolic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LIPT1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for LIPT1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for LIPT1 Gene

(2) Drugs for LIPT1 Gene - From: DrugBank and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Lipoic Acid Approved Nutra Target 0
Adenosine monophosphate Approved Nutra 0

(3) Additional Compounds for LIPT1 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
(R)-lipoic acid
  • (+)-alpha-Lipoic acid
  • (R)-(+)-lipoic acid
  • (R)-1,2-Dithiolane-3-pentanoic acid
  • (R)-1,2-dithiolane-3-valeric acid
  • (R)-6,8-thioctic acid
(S)-lipoic acid
  • (S)-(−)-lipoic acid
  • (S)-1,2-dithiolane-3-pentanoic acid
  • (S)-alpha-lipoic acid
  • L-1,2-dithiolane 3-valeric acid
  • L-6,8-thioctic acid
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with LIPT1: view

Transcripts for LIPT1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for LIPT1 Gene

Lipoyltransferase 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for LIPT1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c · 6d
SP2: - - -
SP3: - - -
SP4: -
SP5: -

Relevant External Links for LIPT1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for LIPT1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for LIPT1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for LIPT1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for LIPT1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in CD8 Tcells (68.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MOPED, and MaxQB for LIPT1 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for LIPT1 Gene Hs.719172

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for LIPT1 Gene

Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in skeletal muscle and heart, moderately in kidney and pancreas, and detected at lower levels in liver, brain, placenta and lung.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with LIPT1: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for LIPT1 Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery for LIPT1 Gene

Orthologs for LIPT1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for LIPT1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LIPT1 35
  • 88.56 (n)
  • 87.94 (a)
LIPT1 36
  • 88 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LIPT1 35
  • 91.33 (n)
  • 90.35 (a)
LIPT1 36
  • 88 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Lipt1 35
  • 80.34 (n)
  • 80.97 (a)
Lipt1 16
Lipt1 36
  • 81 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LIPT1 35
  • 99.55 (n)
  • 98.93 (a)
LIPT1 36
  • 99 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Lipt1 35
  • 80.95 (n)
  • 81.13 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia LIPT1 36
  • 78 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LIPT1 35
  • 67.47 (n)
  • 65.95 (a)
LIPT1 36
  • 66 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia LIPT1 36
  • 66 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia lipt1 35
  • 63.35 (n)
  • 61.05 (a)
Str.12049 35
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii Dr.6188 35
lipt1 35
  • 57.98 (n)
  • 54.44 (a)
lipt1 36
  • 52 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.7358 35
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP012186 35
  • 49.2 (n)
  • 43.84 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG8446 35
  • 49.43 (n)
  • 41.84 (a)
CG8446 36
  • 31 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C45G3.3 35
  • 49.26 (n)
  • 42.96 (a)
C45G3.3 36
  • 40 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes AIM22 36
  • 23 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.8499 35
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU05421 35
  • 46.43 (n)
  • 38.81 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes aim22 35
  • 47.13 (n)
  • 35.43 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 41 (a)
Species with no ortholog for LIPT1:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for LIPT1 Gene

Gene Tree for LIPT1 (if available)
Gene Tree for LIPT1 (if available)

Paralogs for LIPT1 Gene Pseudogenes for LIPT1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with LIPT1: view

No data available for Paralogs for LIPT1 Gene

Variants for LIPT1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for LIPT1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
VAR_073669 Lipoyltransferase 1 deficiency (LIPT1D)
VAR_073670 Lipoyltransferase 1 deficiency (LIPT1D)
VAR_073671 Lipoyltransferase 1 deficiency (LIPT1D)
rs2969379 -- 99,160,223(+) GCAAC(A/G)TAGGG intron-variant
rs34044859 -- 99,160,289(+) GTAGT(-/C)CCCAG intron-variant

Variation tolerance for LIPT1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 37.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.12; 38.62% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for LIPT1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for LIPT1 Gene

Disorders for LIPT1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for LIPT1 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
lipoyltransferase 1 deficiency
  • lipoyltransferase 1
leigh syndrome with leukodystrophy
  • infantile subacute necrotizing encephalopathy with leukodystrophy
glycine encephalopathy
  • non-ketotic hyperglycinemia
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search LIPT1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Lipoyltransferase 1 deficiency (LIPT1D) [MIM:616299]: A disorder due to a defect in lipoic acid metabolism, resulting in severe lactic acidosis and metabolic decompensation. Variable clinical manifestations include delayed psychomotor development, severe hypotonia, dystonia, loss of head control, coma, bradycardia, and pulmonary hypertension. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:24256811, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24341803}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for LIPT1

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with LIPT1: view

No data available for Genatlas for LIPT1 Gene

Publications for LIPT1 Gene

  1. Molecular cloning, structural characterization and chromosomal localization of human lipoyltransferase gene. (PMID: 10103005) Fujiwara K. … Motokawa Y. (Eur. J. Biochem. 1999) 2 3 4 67
  2. Crystal structure of bovine lipoyltransferase in complex with lipoyl-AMP. (PMID: 17570395) Fujiwara K. … Taniguchi H. (J. Mol. Biol. 2007) 25 26
  3. Crystal structure of lipoate-protein ligase A from Escherichia coli. Determination of the lipoic acid-binding site. (PMID: 16043486) Fujiwara K. … Taniguchi H. (J. Biol. Chem. 2005) 25 26
  4. Plasmodium falciparum possesses organelle-specific alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase complexes and lipoylation pathways. (PMID: 16246025) GA1nther S. … MA1ller S. (Biochem. Soc. Trans. 2005) 25 26
  5. Structural and functional characterization of H protein mutants of the glycine decarboxylase complex. (PMID: 10473591) Gueguen V. … Bourguignon J. (J. Biol. Chem. 1999) 25 26

Products for LIPT1 Gene

Sources for LIPT1 Gene