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Aliases for LIPT1 Gene

Aliases for LIPT1 Gene

  • Lipoyltransferase 1 2 3 5
  • Lipoate Biosynthesis Protein 3 4
  • Lipoyl Ligase 3 4
  • Lipoyltransferase 1, Mitochondrial 3
  • Lipoate-Protein Ligase 4
  • EC 2.3.1.- 4
  • LIPT1D 3

External Ids for LIPT1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LIPT1 Gene

  • GC02P098224
  • GC02P099375
  • GC00U914350
  • GC02P099393
  • GC02P099229
  • GC02P099138
  • GC02P099139
  • GC02P099771
  • GC02P093537

Summaries for LIPT1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for LIPT1 Gene

  • The process of transferring lipoic acid to proteins is a two-step process. The first step is the activation of lipoic acid by lipoate-activating enzyme to form lipoyl-AMP. For the second step, the protein encoded by this gene transfers the lipoyl moiety to apoproteins. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. A related pseudogene has been identified on chromosome 13. Read-through transcription also exists between this gene and the neighboring downstream mitochondrial ribosomal protein L30 (MRPL30) gene. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2011]

GeneCards Summary for LIPT1 Gene

LIPT1 (Lipoyltransferase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LIPT1 include Lipoyltransferase 1 Deficiency and Leigh Syndrome With Leukodystrophy. Among its related pathways are Glyoxylate metabolism and glycine degradation and Viral mRNA Translation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring acyl groups.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LIPT1 Gene

  • Catalyzes the transfer of the lipoyl group from lipoyl-AMP to the specific lysine residue of lipoyl domains of lipoate-dependent enzymes.

Additional gene information for LIPT1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for LIPT1 Gene

Genomics for LIPT1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for LIPT1 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for LIPT1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH02I099152 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 557.1 -0.8 -795 4.2 HDGF CLOCK SMAD1 FOXA2 MLX ZFP64 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 TSGA10 LIPT1 ENSG00000273155 REV1 MRPL30 ENSG00000241962 C2orf15
GH02I099158 Promoter 0.5 EPDnew 550.8 +3.6 3633 0.1 LIPT1 ENSG00000273155 ENSG00000241962 MITD1
GH02I099179 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 23.2 +26.6 26581 3.4 MLX DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 NFYC MITD1 MRPL30 TSGA10 UNC50 REV1 LIPT1 ENSG00000273306 LOC550644 ENSG00000241962 LYG1
GH02I098908 Enhancer 1.5 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 31.7 -245.6 -245610 2.1 PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 ZNF48 ZNF202 NFYC MXD4 LOC550644 REV1 ENSG00000273306 UNC50 MITD1 LIPT1 TMEM131 KIAA1211L RNU7-46P
GH02I099877 Enhancer 1.9 UCNEbase FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.9 +726.0 725981 6 PKNOX1 RFX5 ZNF121 ZSCAN5C FOS RUNX3 EGR2 ZNF202 ZNF398 TSHZ1 GC02P099881 LOC550644 ENSG00000273306 REV1 LIPT1 MITD1 AFF3 LYG1 LOC105373504
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around LIPT1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the LIPT1 gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for LIPT1 Gene

Genomic Locations for LIPT1 Gene
8,203 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for LIPT1 Gene

Genes around LIPT1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
LIPT1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for LIPT1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for LIPT1 Gene

Proteins for LIPT1 Gene

  • Protein details for LIPT1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Lipoyltransferase 1, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q4ZFZ1

    Protein attributes for LIPT1 Gene

    373 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    42479 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

neXtProt entry for LIPT1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for LIPT1 Gene

  • Ubiquitination at posLast=131131, isoforms=150, and isoforms=264

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for LIPT1 Gene

Domains & Families for LIPT1 Gene

Gene Families for LIPT1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for LIPT1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for LIPT1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the LplA family.
  • Belongs to the LplA family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with LIPT1: view

Function for LIPT1 Gene

Molecular function for LIPT1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Lipoyl-AMP + protein = protein N(6)-(lipoyl)lysine + AMP.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the transfer of the lipoyl group from lipoyl-AMP to the specific lysine residue of lipoyl domains of lipoate-dependent enzymes.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for LIPT1 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for LIPT1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for LIPT1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
GO:0016746 transferase activity, transferring acyl groups TAS --
GO:0016979 lipoate-protein ligase activity IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LIPT1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with LIPT1: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for LIPT1 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

No data available for Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for LIPT1 Gene

Localization for LIPT1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LIPT1 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for LIPT1 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 3
nucleus 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for LIPT1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LIPT1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for LIPT1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for LIPT1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with LIPT1: view

Pathways by source for LIPT1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q9Y234-LIPT_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Protein modification; protein lipoylation via exogenous pathway; protein N(6)-(lipoyl)lysine from lipoate: step 2/2.

Interacting Proteins for LIPT1 Gene

Selected Interacting proteins: Q9Y234-LIPT_HUMAN for LIPT1 Gene via IID

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for LIPT1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006464 cellular protein modification process TAS 10103005
GO:0006629 lipid metabolic process TAS 10103005
GO:0009249 protein lipoylation IBA,IEA --
GO:0034641 cellular nitrogen compound metabolic process TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LIPT1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for LIPT1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for LIPT1 Gene

(2) Drugs for LIPT1 Gene - From: DrugBank and HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Lipoic Acid Approved, Investigational Nutra Target 0
Adenosine monophosphate Approved, Investigational Nutra 0

(2) Additional Compounds for LIPT1 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
(S)-lipoic acid
  • (S)-(−)-lipoic acid
  • (S)-1,2-dithiolane-3-pentanoic acid
  • (S)-alpha-lipoic acid
  • L-1,2-dithiolane 3-valeric acid
  • L-6,8-thioctic acid
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with LIPT1: view

Transcripts for LIPT1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for LIPT1 Gene

Lipoyltransferase 1:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for LIPT1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2a · 2b ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b · 6c · 6d
SP2: - - -
SP3: - - -
SP4: -
SP5: -

Relevant External Links for LIPT1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for LIPT1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for LIPT1 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for LIPT1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for LIPT1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in CD8 Tcells (68.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for LIPT1 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for LIPT1 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of LIPT1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for LIPT1 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for LIPT1 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in skeletal muscle and heart, moderately in kidney and pancreas, and detected at lower levels in liver, brain, placenta and lung.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for LIPT1 Gene

  • Bone marrow(4.1)
  • Liver(4.1)
  • Lung(4.1)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for LIPT1 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • cerebellum
  • cerebrospinal fluid
  • cranial nerve
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • meninges
  • neck
  • lung
  • liver
  • hair
  • peripheral nervous system
  • skin
  • spinal cord
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with LIPT1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery for LIPT1 Gene

Orthologs for LIPT1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for LIPT1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LIPT1 33 34
  • 99.55 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LIPT1 33 34
  • 91.33 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LIPT1 33 34
  • 88.56 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Lipt1 33
  • 80.95 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Lipt1 33 16 34
  • 80.34 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia LIPT1 34
  • 78 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LIPT1 33 34
  • 67.47 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia LIPT1 34
  • 66 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia lipt1 33
  • 63.35 (n)
Str.12049 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii lipt1 33 34
  • 57.98 (n)
Dr.6188 33
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.7358 33
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta CG8446 33 34
  • 49.43 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP012186 33
  • 49.2 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea C45G3.3 33 34
  • 49.26 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes AIM22 34
  • 23 (a)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes aim22 33
  • 47.13 (n)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU05421 33
  • 46.43 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 34
  • 41 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.8499 33
Species where no ortholog for LIPT1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for LIPT1 Gene

Gene Tree for LIPT1 (if available)
Gene Tree for LIPT1 (if available)

Paralogs for LIPT1 Gene Pseudogenes for LIPT1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with LIPT1: view

No data available for Paralogs for LIPT1 Gene

Variants for LIPT1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for LIPT1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 02 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs137891647 pathogenic, Lipoyltransferase 1 deficiency 99,162,832(+) C/G coding_sequence_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant, stop_gained
rs137973334 pathogenic, Lipoyltransferase 1 deficiency, Lipoyltransferase 1 deficiency (LIPT1D) [MIM:616299] 99,162,249(+) C/G/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs767568897 pathogenic, Lipoyltransferase 1 deficiency, Lipoyltransferase 1 deficiency (LIPT1D) [MIM:616299] 99,162,169(+) C/G/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs786205156 pathogenic, Lipoyltransferase 1 deficiency, Lipoyltransferase 1 deficiency (LIPT1D) [MIM:616299] 99,162,492(+) A/G coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs863224892 pathogenic, Lipoyltransferase 1 deficiency 99,162,763(+) G/A coding_sequence_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant, stop_gained

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for LIPT1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3591732 CNV gain 21293372

Variation tolerance for LIPT1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 37.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.12; 38.62% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for LIPT1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LIPT1 Gene

Disorders for LIPT1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for LIPT1 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
lipoyltransferase 1 deficiency
  • lipt1d
leigh syndrome with leukodystrophy
  • infantile subacute necrotizing encephalopathy with leukodystrophy
glycine encephalopathy
  • gce
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search LIPT1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Lipoyltransferase 1 deficiency (LIPT1D) [MIM:616299]: A disorder due to a defect in lipoic acid metabolism, resulting in severe lactic acidosis and metabolic decompensation. Variable clinical manifestations include delayed psychomotor development, severe hypotonia, dystonia, loss of head control, coma, bradycardia, and pulmonary hypertension. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:24256811, ECO:0000269 PubMed:24341803}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for LIPT1

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with LIPT1: view

No data available for Genatlas for LIPT1 Gene

Publications for LIPT1 Gene

  1. Molecular cloning, structural characterization and chromosomal localization of human lipoyltransferase gene. (PMID: 10103005) Fujiwara K … Motokawa Y (European journal of biochemistry 1999) 2 3 4 58
  2. Mutations in the lipoyltransferase LIPT1 gene cause a fatal disease associated with a specific lipoylation defect of the 2-ketoacid dehydrogenase complexes. (PMID: 24256811) Tort F … Ribes A (Human molecular genetics 2014) 3 4 58
  3. Mutations in human lipoyltransferase gene LIPT1 cause a Leigh disease with secondary deficiency for pyruvate and alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase. (PMID: 24341803) Soreze Y … de Lonlay P (Orphanet journal of rare diseases 2013) 3 4 58
  4. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson SL … O'Brien SJ (PloS one 2010) 3 44 58
  5. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58

Products for LIPT1 Gene

Sources for LIPT1 Gene

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