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Aliases for LIAS Gene

Aliases for LIAS Gene

  • Lipoic Acid Synthetase 2 3 5
  • Lipoate Synthase 3 4
  • EC 4 61
  • Lip-Syn 3 4
  • LAS 3 4
  • LS 3 4
  • Lipoyl Synthase, Mitochondrial 3
  • Lipoic Acid Synthase 4
  • HUSSY-01 3
  • HGCLAS 3
  • PDHLD 3
  • LIP1 3

External Ids for LIAS Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LIAS Gene

  • GC04P039635
  • GC04P039295
  • GC04P039357
  • GC04P039283
  • GC04P039137
  • GC04P038785

Summaries for LIAS Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for LIAS Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the biotin and lipoic acid synthetases family. It localizes in mitochondrion and plays an important role in alpha-(+)-lipoic acid synthesis. It may also function in the sulfur insertion chemistry in lipoate biosynthesis. Alternative splicing occurs at this locus and two transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been identified. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for LIAS Gene

LIAS (Lipoic Acid Synthetase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LIAS include Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Lipoic Acid Synthetase Deficiency and Lipoic Acid Synthetase Deficiency. Among its related pathways are Glyoxylate metabolism and glycine degradation and Viral mRNA Translation. GO annotations related to this gene include 4 iron, 4 sulfur cluster binding and lipoate synthase activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LIAS Gene

  • Catalyzes the radical-mediated insertion of two sulfur atoms into the C-6 and C-8 positions of the octanoyl moiety bound to the lipoyl domains of lipoate-dependent enzymes, thereby converting the octanoylated domains into lipoylated derivatives.

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for LIAS Gene

Genomics for LIAS Gene

Regulatory Elements for LIAS Gene

Enhancers for LIAS Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH04G039456 1.4 ENCODE dbSUPER 0.7 -0.1 -58 3.7 PKNOX1 CREB3L1 ARNT WRNIP1 ARID4B SIN3A DMAP1 ZNF2 YY1 ZNF766 RPL9 ENSG00000250568 N4BP2 ZBTB12BP KLF3 LOC401127 LIAS ENSG00000238797
GH04G039446 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE 0.4 -11.4 -11420 1.7 PKNOX1 NFIB FUS AGO1 SIN3A RAD21 ELK1 ZNF143 RELB CREM RPL9 KLB RNU6-887P ENSG00000238797 LIAS
GH04G039450 0.7 dbSUPER 0.4 -7.7 -7745 1.2 PAF1 SMAD5 ZBED1 AGO1 CHD1 ZNF384 ZNF394 SSRP1 POLR2A SCRT2 RPL9 ENSG00000238797 LIAS
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around LIAS on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Promoters for LIAS Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

Genomic Location for LIAS Gene

39,458,587 bp from pter
39,485,109 bp from pter
26,523 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for LIAS Gene

Genes around LIAS on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
LIAS Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for LIAS Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for LIAS Gene

Proteins for LIAS Gene

  • Protein details for LIAS Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Lipoyl synthase, mitochondrial
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A8K873
    • C9JCF6
    • Q8IV62

    Protein attributes for LIAS Gene

    372 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    41911 Da
    Name=[4Fe-4S] cluster; Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:49883;
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Alternative splice isoforms for LIAS Gene


neXtProt entry for LIAS Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for LIAS Gene


Post-translational modifications for LIAS Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Domains & Families for LIAS Gene

Protein Domains for LIAS Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for LIAS Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the radical SAM superfamily. Lipoyl synthase family.
  • Belongs to the radical SAM superfamily. Lipoyl synthase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with LIAS: view

No data available for Gene Families for LIAS Gene

Function for LIAS Gene

Molecular function for LIAS Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
Protein N(6)-(octanoyl)lysine + 2 sulfur-(sulfur carrier) + 2 S-adenosyl-L-methionine + 2 reduced [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin = protein N(6)-(lipoyl)lysine + 2 (sulfur carrier) + 2 L-methionine + 2 5-deoxyadenosine + 2 oxidized [2Fe-2S] ferredoxin.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Catalyzes the radical-mediated insertion of two sulfur atoms into the C-6 and C-8 positions of the octanoyl moiety bound to the lipoyl domains of lipoate-dependent enzymes, thereby converting the octanoylated domains into lipoylated derivatives.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for LIAS Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for LIAS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003824 catalytic activity IEA --
GO:0016740 transferase activity IEA --
GO:0016783 sulfurtransferase activity IEA --
GO:0016992 lipoate synthase activity TAS --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LIAS: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with LIAS: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for LIAS Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Models for LIAS Gene

MGI Knock Outs for LIAS:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for LIAS

CRISPR Products

miRNA for LIAS Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target LIAS

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for LIAS Gene

Localization for LIAS Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LIAS Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for LIAS gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
nucleus 3
cytosol 3
plasma membrane 1
extracellular 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for LIAS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion ISS --
GO:0005759 mitochondrial matrix TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LIAS: view

Pathways & Interactions for LIAS Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with LIAS: view

Pathways by source for LIAS Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot O43766-LIAS_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Protein modification; protein lipoylation via endogenous pathway; protein N(6)-(lipoyl)lysine from octanoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein]: step 2/2.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for LIAS Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006954 inflammatory response ISS --
GO:0006979 response to oxidative stress ISS --
GO:0009107 lipoate biosynthetic process ISS --
GO:0009249 protein lipoylation IEA --
GO:0032496 response to lipopolysaccharide ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LIAS: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for LIAS Gene

Drugs & Compounds for LIAS Gene

(6) Drugs for LIAS Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Lipoic Acid Approved Nutra Target 0
L-Methionine Approved Nutra 0
S-Adenosylmethionine Approved Nutra 0
Hydrogen sulfide Pharma 13

(6) Additional Compounds for LIAS Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
(S)-lipoic acid
  • (S)-(−)-lipoic acid
  • (S)-1,2-dithiolane-3-pentanoic acid
  • (S)-alpha-lipoic acid
  • L-1,2-dithiolane 3-valeric acid
  • L-6,8-thioctic acid
  • 5'-Deoxy-adenosine
  • Sulfanediide
  • Sulfide
  • Sulfur
  • Sulphide
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with LIAS: view

Transcripts for LIAS Gene

Unigene Clusters for LIAS Gene

Lipoic acid synthetase:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for LIAS Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - - -
SP3: -

Relevant External Links for LIAS Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for LIAS Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for LIAS Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for LIAS Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart (44.7) and Testis (13.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for LIAS Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for LIAS Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of LIAS Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for LIAS Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for LIAS Gene

  • Skin(4.3)
  • Nervous system(2.3)
  • Heart(2.2)
  • Adrenal gland(2.1)
  • Muscle(2.1)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for LIAS Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • nervous
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • ear
  • head
  • mouth
  • pharynx
  • skull
  • heart
  • heart valve
  • lung
  • ankle
  • digit
  • elbow
  • finger
  • foot
  • hand
  • hip
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • shoulder
  • toe
  • upper limb
  • wrist
  • blood vessel
  • spinal cord
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with LIAS: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA differential expression in normal tissues and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for LIAS Gene

Orthologs for LIAS Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for LIAS Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LIAS 34 35
  • 99.73 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LIAS 34 35
  • 92.48 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LIAS 34 35
  • 92.29 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia LIAS 35
  • 88 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Lias 34 16 35
  • 87.35 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Lias 34
  • 86.63 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia LIAS 35
  • 83 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LIAS 34 35
  • 77.34 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia LIAS 35
  • 74 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC101735113 34
  • 75.65 (n)
Str.6920 34
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia Xl.8349 34
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii lias 34 35
  • 69.63 (n)
zgc66080 34
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.14170 34
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Las 36 34 35
  • 62.19 (n)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP010568 34
  • 59.78 (n)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea M01F1.3 36 34 35
  • 59.28 (n)
K. lactis yeast
(Kluyveromyces lactis)
Saccharomycetes KLLA0F00836g 34
  • 61.45 (n)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes LIP5 34 35 37
  • 59.66 (n)
A. gosspyii yeast
(Ashbya gossypii)
Saccharomycetes AGOS_AGR231C 34
  • 57.49 (n)
thale cress
(Arabidopsis thaliana)
eudicotyledons AT5G08415 34
  • 60.76 (n)
(Glycine max)
eudicotyledons Gma.3319 34
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os05g0511500 34
  • 61.37 (n)
(Zea mays)
Liliopsida Zm.16017 34
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.9415 35
  • 65 (a)
bread mold
(Neurospora crassa)
Ascomycetes NCU00565 34
  • 60.3 (n)
fission yeast
(Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
Schizosaccharomycetes lip5 34
  • 60 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona intestinalis)
Ascidiacea Cin.4454 34
Species where no ortholog for LIAS was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for LIAS Gene

Gene Tree for LIAS (if available)
Gene Tree for LIAS (if available)

Paralogs for LIAS Gene

No data available for Paralogs for LIAS Gene

Variants for LIAS Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for LIAS Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 04 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs144133667 Pathogenic, Hyperglycinemia, lactic acidosis, and seizures (HGCLAS) [MIM:614462] 39,470,027(+) GGTTC(A/G)TGATC nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs796052703 Pathogenic 39,460,961(+) GAGAA(-/A)GGTAA nc-transcript-variant, reference, frameshift-variant
rs869312808 Pathogenic 39,467,554(+) CCTGA(A/T)TTTCG intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs796052702 Likely pathogenic 39,462,269(+) CTTTG(C/T)GGAAT intron-variant, nc-transcript-variant, reference, missense
rs201574806 Likely benign 39,463,613(+) AGGGC(A/C)AGCCT intron-variant, reference, missense, utr-variant-3-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for LIAS Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1010189 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1010784 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1123777 CNV deletion 24896259

Variation tolerance for LIAS Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 15.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.70; 14.79% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for LIAS Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LIAS Gene

Disorders for LIAS Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(6) MalaCards diseases for LIAS Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
pyruvate dehydrogenase lipoic acid synthetase deficiency
  • pdhld
lipoic acid synthetase deficiency
  • pyruvate dehydrogenase lipoic acid synthetase deficiency
cecal disease
  • disorder of cecum
glycine encephalopathy
  • non-ketotic hyperglycinemia
adrenal carcinoma
  • adrenocortical carcinoma
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search LIAS in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Hyperglycinemia, lactic acidosis, and seizures (HGCLAS) [MIM:614462]: An enzymatic defect resulting in an autosomal recessive disorder of mitochondrial metabolism. It is characterized by early-onset lactic acidosis, severe encephalomyopathy, and a pyruvate oxidation defect. Affected individuals have neonatal-onset epilepsy, poor growth, psychomotor retardation, muscular hypotonia, lactic acidosis, and elevated glycine concentration in plasma and urine. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22152680}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for LIAS

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with LIAS: view

No data available for Genatlas for LIAS Gene

Publications for LIAS Gene

  1. Characterization of 16 novel human genes showing high similarity to yeast sequences. (PMID: 11124703) Stanchi F. … Valle G. (Yeast 2001) 2 3 4 64
  2. Lipoic acid synthetase deficiency causes neonatal-onset epilepsy, defective mitochondrial energy metabolism, and glycine elevation. (PMID: 22152680) Mayr J.A. … Sperl W. (Am. J. Hum. Genet. 2011) 3 4 64
  3. Genetic variants in nuclear-encoded mitochondrial genes influence AIDS progression. (PMID: 20877624) Hendrickson S.L. … O'Brien S.J. (PLoS ONE 2010) 3 46 64
  4. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 64
  5. Do mammalian cells synthesize lipoic acid? Identification of a mouse cDNA encoding a lipoic acid synthase located in mitochondria. (PMID: 11389890) Morikawa T. … Wada H. (FEBS Lett. 2001) 3 25 64

Products for LIAS Gene

Sources for LIAS Gene

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