Aliases for LARGE Gene
External Ids for LARGE Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LARGE Gene
This gene, which is one of the largest in the human genome, encodes a member of the N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase gene family. It encodes a glycosyltransferase which participates in glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan, and may carry out the synthesis of glycoprotein and glycosphingolipid sugar chains. It may also be involved in the addition of a repeated disaccharide unit. Mutations in this gene cause MDC1D, a novel form of congenital muscular dystrophy with severe mental retardation and abnormal glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan. Alternative splicing of this gene results in two transcript variants that encode the same protein. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for LARGE Gene
LARGE (Like-Glycosyltransferase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LARGE include muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy , type a, 6 and muscular dystrophy-dystroglycanopathy , type b, 6. Among its related pathways are O-linked glycosylation and Transport to the Golgi and subsequent modification. GO annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring glycosyl groups and manganese ion binding. An important paralog of this gene is B4GAT1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LARGE Gene
Bifunctional glycosyltransferase with both xylosyltransferase and beta-1,3-glucuronyltransferase activities involved in the biosynthesis of the phosphorylated O-mannosyl trisaccharide (N-acetylgalactosamine-beta-3-N-acetylglucosamine-beta-4-(phosphate-6-)mannose), a carbohydrate structure present in alpha-dystroglycan (DAG1) (PubMed:22223806). Phosphorylated O-mannosyl trisaccharid is required for binding laminin G-like domain-containing extracellular proteins with high affinity and plays a key role in skeletal muscle function and regeneration. LARGE elongates the glucuronyl-beta-1,4-xylose-beta disaccharide primer structure initiated by B3GNT1/B4GAT1 by adding repeating units [-3-Xylose-alpha-1,3-GlcA-beta-1-] to produce a heteropolysaccharide (PubMed:25279699).