Aliases for LACTB Gene
External Ids for LACTB Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for LACTB Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LACTB Gene
This gene encodes a mitochondrially-localized protein that has sequence similarity to prokaryotic beta-lactamases. Many of the residues responsible for beta-lactamase activity are not conserved in this protein, suggesting it may have a different enzymatic function. Increased expression of the related mouse gene was found to be associated with obesity. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding different protein isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2013]
GeneCards Summary for LACTB Gene
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LACTB Gene
Mitochondrial serine protease that acts as a regulator of mitochondrial lipid metabolism (PubMed:28329758). Acts by decreasing protein levels of PISD, a mitochondrial enzyme that converts phosphatidylserine (PtdSer) to phosphatidylethanolamine (PtdEtn), thereby affecting mitochondrial lipid metabolism (PubMed:28329758). It is unclear whether it acts directly by mediating proteolysis of PISD or by mediating proteolysis of another lipid metabolism protein (PubMed:28329758). Acts as a tumor suppressor that has the ability to inhibit proliferation of multiple types of breast cancer cells: probably by promoting decreased levels of PISD, thereby affecting mitochondrial lipid metabolism (PubMed:28329758).