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Aliases for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Aliases for KRTAP4-2 Gene

  • Keratin Associated Protein 4-2 2 3 5
  • Ultrahigh Sulfur Keratin-Associated Protein 4.2 3 4
  • Keratin-Associated Protein 4.2 3 4
  • KRTAP4.2 3 4
  • KAP4.2 3 4
  • Keratin-Associated Protein 4-2 3

External Ids for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KRTAP4-2 Gene

  • GC17M038918
  • GC17M041438
  • GC17M039242
  • GC17M039706
  • GC17M036587
  • GC17M039333
  • GC17M035108

Summaries for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for KRTAP4-2 Gene

  • This protein is a member of the keratin-associated protein (KAP) family. The KAP proteins form a matrix of keratin intermediate filaments which contribute to the structure of hair fibers. KAP family members appear to have unique, family-specific amino- and carboxyl-terminal regions and are subdivided into three multi-gene families according to amino acid composition: the high sulfur, the ultrahigh sulfur, and the high tyrosine/glycine KAPs. This protein is a member of the ultrahigh sulfur KAP family and the gene is localized to a cluster of KAPs at 17q12-q21. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for KRTAP4-2 Gene

KRTAP4-2 (Keratin Associated Protein 4-2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Developmental Biology. An important paralog of this gene is KRTAP4-12.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRTAP4-2 Gene

  • In the hair cortex, hair keratin intermediate filaments are embedded in an interfilamentous matrix, consisting of hair keratin-associated proteins (KRTAP), which are essential for the formation of a rigid and resistant hair shaft through their extensive disulfide bond cross-linking with abundant cysteine residues of hair keratins. The matrix proteins include the high-sulfur and high-glycine-tyrosine keratins.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Genomics for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Regulatory Elements for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Enhancers for KRTAP4-2 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH17F041178 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 0.8 -0.5 -452 0.9 HDAC1 ATF1 PKNOX1 ARNT NFRKB ZBTB40 CHAMP1 ZNF121 SCRT2 CREM KRT38 KRTAP4-2 KRTAP4-1
GH17F041182 0.6 ENCODE 0.8 -4.3 -4311 0.2 RNF2 TAL1 ARID1B JUND FOXK2 ATF3 MLLT1 FOXJ2 KRTAP4-1 KRTAP4-2
GH17F041183 0.6 ENCODE 0.8 -4.5 -4496 0.2 RNF2 TAL1 ARID1B JUND FOXK2 ATF3 PBX2 MLLT1 FOXJ2 KRT38 KRTAP4-1 KRTAP4-2
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around KRTAP4-2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Chromosome:
17
Start:
41,177,446 bp from pter
End:
41,178,208 bp from pter
Size:
763 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Genes around KRTAP4-2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
KRTAP4-2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for KRTAP4-2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Proteins for KRTAP4-2 Gene

  • Protein details for KRTAP4-2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q9BYR5-KRA42_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Keratin-associated protein 4-2
    Protein Accession:
    Q9BYR5
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A0JP64

    Protein attributes for KRTAP4-2 Gene

    Size:
    136 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    14462 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with hair keratins.

neXtProt entry for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for KRTAP4-2 Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Other Protein References for KRTAP4-2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Domains & Families for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Gene Families for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Protein Domains for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for KRTAP4-2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q9BYR5

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

KRA42_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the KRTAP type 4 family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the KRTAP type 4 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with KRTAP4-2: view

Function for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Molecular function for KRTAP4-2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
In the hair cortex, hair keratin intermediate filaments are embedded in an interfilamentous matrix, consisting of hair keratin-associated proteins (KRTAP), which are essential for the formation of a rigid and resistant hair shaft through their extensive disulfide bond cross-linking with abundant cysteine residues of hair keratins. The matrix proteins include the high-sulfur and high-glycine-tyrosine keratins.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for KRTAP4-2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRTAP4-2: view

Phenotypes for KRTAP4-2 Gene

GenomeRNAi human phenotypes for KRTAP4-2:
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with KRTAP4-2: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Localization for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for KRTAP4-2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 5
extracellular 3
cytoskeleton 2
nucleus 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for KRTAP4-2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005882 intermediate filament IEA --
GO:0045095 keratin filament IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRTAP4-2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for KRTAP4-2 Gene

SuperPathways for KRTAP4-2 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Developmental Biology
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with KRTAP4-2: view

Pathways by source for KRTAP4-2 Gene

1 Reactome pathway for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for KRTAP4-2 Gene

None

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Transcripts for KRTAP4-2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for KRTAP4-2 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(2) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for KRTAP4-2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for KRTAP4-2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
KRTAP4-2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
KRTAP4-2

Expression for KRTAP4-2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for KRTAP4-2 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for KRTAP4-2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (x48.6) and Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (x4.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for KRTAP4-2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Fetal heart (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for KRTAP4-2 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for KRTAP4-2 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for KRTAP4-2 Gene:

Hs.380165
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with KRTAP4-2: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Orthologs for KRTAP4-2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of human and mouse.

Orthologs for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LOC101059050 34
  • 96.08 (n)
KRTAP4-2 35
  • 50 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Krtap4-13 35
  • 56 (a)
OneToMany
Gm11596 35
  • 54 (a)
OneToMany
Gm11569 35
  • 52 (a)
OneToMany
Krtap4-8 35
  • 52 (a)
OneToMany
Gm11554 35
  • 51 (a)
OneToMany
Gm11564 35
  • 50 (a)
OneToMany
Krtap4-6 35
  • 49 (a)
OneToMany
Krtap4-9 35
  • 43 (a)
OneToMany
Gm11595 35
  • 37 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for KRTAP4-2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • cow (Bos Taurus)
  • dog (Canis familiaris)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for KRTAP4-2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for KRTAP4-2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for KRTAP4-2 (if available)

Paralogs for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Variants for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for KRTAP4-2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs112619663 -- 41,177,742(+) GAGTA(C/T)AGGTG utr-variant-3-prime
rs113053381 -- 41,180,195(+) AATTA(A/G)TTCAC upstream-variant-2KB
rs114011784 -- 41,177,700(+) ACAGG(G/T)GGATC utr-variant-3-prime
rs116942863 -- 41,180,104(+) CAGCT(A/G)TAATT upstream-variant-2KB
rs117455503 -- 41,178,656(+) TGAAG(G/T)TTTCA upstream-variant-2KB

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2758690 CNV gain+loss 17122850
nsv1146669 OTHER inversion 26484159
nsv833446 CNV gain 17160897

Variation tolerance for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 75.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.89; 18.60% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for KRTAP4-2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
KRTAP4-2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Disorders for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Relevant External Links for KRTAP4-2

Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
KRTAP4-2

No disorders were found for KRTAP4-2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Publications for KRTAP4-2 Gene

  1. Characterization of a cluster of human high/ultrahigh sulfur keratin- associated protein genes embedded in the type I keratin gene domain on chromosome 17q12-21. (PMID: 11279113) Rogers M.A. … Schweizer J. (J. Biol. Chem. 2001) 2 3 4 64
  2. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard D.S. … Malek J. (Genome Res. 2004) 3 4 64
  3. A proteome-scale map of the human interactome network. (PMID: 25416956) Rolland T. … Vidal M. (Cell 2014) 3 64
  4. DNA sequence of human chromosome 17 and analysis of rearrangement in the human lineage. (PMID: 16625196) Zody M.C. … Nusbaum C. (Nature 2006) 4 64
  5. Generation and initial analysis of more than 15,000 full-length human and mouse cDNA sequences. (PMID: 12477932) Strausberg R.L. … Marra M.A. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2002) 3 64

Products for KRTAP4-2 Gene

Sources for KRTAP4-2 Gene

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