Free for academic non-profit institutions. Other users need a Commercial license

Aliases for KRT86 Gene

Aliases for KRT86 Gene

  • Keratin 86 2 3 5
  • Keratin, Hair, Basic, 6 (Monilethrix) 2 3
  • Type II Hair Keratin Hb6 3 4
  • Type-II Keratin Kb26 3 4
  • Keratin 86, Type II 2 3
  • Hair Keratin K2.11 3 4
  • KRTHB6 3 4
  • K86 3 4
  • Keratin, Type II Cuticular Hb6 3
  • Hard Keratin, Type II, 6 3
  • Hard Keratin Type II 6 2
  • Keratin Protein HB6 3
  • Keratin-86 4
  • KRTHB1 3
  • HB6 3
  • HB1 3
  • MNX 3

External Ids for KRT86 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for KRT86 Gene

  • KRTHB6

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KRT86 Gene

  • GC12P050982
  • GC12P052695
  • GC12P049730
  • GC12P052643
  • GC12P052668

Summaries for KRT86 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for KRT86 Gene

  • This gene encodes a type II keratin protein, which heterodimerizes with type I keratins to form hair and nails. This gene is present in a cluster of related genes and pseudogenes on chromosome 12. Mutations in this gene have been observed in patients with the hair disease monilethrix. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2016]

GeneCards Summary for KRT86 Gene

KRT86 (Keratin 86) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with KRT86 include Monilethrix and Hair Disease. Among its related pathways are Developmental Biology. GO annotations related to this gene include structural molecule activity. An important paralog of this gene is KRT81.

Gene Wiki entry for KRT86 Gene

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for KRT86 Gene

Genomics for KRT86 Gene

Regulatory Elements for KRT86 Gene

Enhancers for KRT86 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH12F052307 0.4 ENCODE 32.2 +59.1 59145 1.2 CTCF SUZ12 SIN3A ZIC2 E2F1 ZFHX2 CTBP1 GLIS2 POLR2A ZNF600 KRT86 KRT87P KRT7 KRT81 KRT83
GH12F052277 1.6 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 27.9 +32.6 32593 9.2 PKNOX1 ATF1 SIN3A FEZF1 ZNF48 BRCA1 GLIS2 ELK1 ZNF143 FOS KRT86 KRT80 KRT7 KRT87P ZNF740 KRT83 NR4A1 ATG101 KRT5 KRT6A
GH12F052358 1.3 Ensembl ENCODE 18.9 +109.8 109751 1.1 CTCF PKNOX1 IKZF1 KRT86 KRT84 KRT83 KRT6C KRT78 KRT4 KRT85 KRT89P
GH12F052389 0.8 Ensembl ENCODE 17.3 +142.1 142099 3.2 CTCF TEAD4 ZNF266 THRB ZIC2 RAD21 ZFHX2 ZNF316 SMC3 NFE2 KRT86 KRT6C KRT71 KRT83 KRT72 KRT84 KRT82
GH12F052196 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 11.7 -41.4 -41368 22.5 HDGF PKNOX1 SIN3A ZNF766 ZNF143 ZNF207 ZNF548 FOS DEK ZHX2 KRT7 ZNF740 HNRNPA3P10 KRT86 KRT87P KRT81 KRT83 KRT84 KRT6C C12orf80
- Elite enhancer/Elite enhancer-gene association Download Table
Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around KRT86 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for KRT86 Gene

52,249,300 bp from pter
52,309,163 bp from pter
59,864 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for KRT86 Gene

Genes around KRT86 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
KRT86 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for KRT86 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for KRT86 Gene

Proteins for KRT86 Gene

  • Protein details for KRT86 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Keratin, type II cuticular Hb6
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • P78387

    Protein attributes for KRT86 Gene

    486 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    53501 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterotetramer of two type I and two type II keratins.
    • There are two types of hair/microfibrillar keratin, I (acidic) and II (neutral to basic).

neXtProt entry for KRT86 Gene

Post-translational modifications for KRT86 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for KRT86 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for KRT86 Gene

Domains & Families for KRT86 Gene

Gene Families for KRT86 Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the intermediate filament family.
  • Belongs to the intermediate filament family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with KRT86: view

Function for KRT86 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for KRT86 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005198 structural molecule activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRT86: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with KRT86: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for KRT86 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for KRT86 Gene

Localization for KRT86 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for KRT86 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for KRT86 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytoskeleton 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for KRT86 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005615 extracellular space IDA 23580065
GO:0005882 intermediate filament IEA --
GO:0045095 keratin filament IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRT86: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRT86 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for KRT86 Gene

SuperPathways for KRT86 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Developmental Biology
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with KRT86: view

Pathways by source for KRT86 Gene

1 Reactome pathway for KRT86 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for KRT86 Gene


No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for KRT86 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for KRT86 Gene

(1) Drugs for KRT86 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(1) Additional Compounds for KRT86 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with KRT86: view

Transcripts for KRT86 Gene

Unigene Clusters for KRT86 Gene

Keratin 86:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for KRT86 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for KRT86 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for KRT86 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for KRT86 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for KRT86 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (x43.9) and Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (x5.1).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for KRT86 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Heart (22.3), Kidney (16.7), Urine (13.2), and Plasma (8.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for KRT86 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of KRT86 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for KRT86 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for KRT86 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Synthesis begins slightly higher in the hair shaft than HB1 and HB3 and continues much farther up, ending in the keratogeneous zone.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with KRT86: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and Protein tissue co-expression partners for KRT86 Gene

Orthologs for KRT86 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for KRT86 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia KRT86 34 35
  • 98.9 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia KRT86 34
  • 91.27 (n)
-- 35
  • 72 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia KRT86 34 35
  • 89.09 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Krt86 34
  • 87.79 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Krt86 34 16 35
  • 87.17 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 83 (a)
-- 35
  • 80 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 82 (a)
-- 35
  • 79 (a)
-- 35
  • 78 (a)
-- 35
  • 78 (a)
Species where no ortholog for KRT86 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for KRT86 Gene

Gene Tree for KRT86 (if available)
Gene Tree for KRT86 (if available)

Paralogs for KRT86 Gene

Paralogs for KRT86 Gene Pseudogenes for KRT86 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with KRT86: view

Variants for KRT86 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for KRT86 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs121909129 Monilethrix (MNLIX) [MIM:158000], Pathogenic 52,306,270(+) AGGGC(A/G)AGGAG reference, missense
rs121909130 Monilethrix (MNLIX) [MIM:158000], Pathogenic 52,306,272(+) GGCGA(G/T)GAGCA reference, missense
rs28939669 Monilethrix (MNLIX) [MIM:158000]
rs60687604 Monilethrix (MNLIX) [MIM:158000], Pathogenic 52,306,237(+) ACATC(A/C/G)AGATC reference, missense
rs61091894 Monilethrix (MNLIX) [MIM:158000], Monilethrix (MNLIX) [MIM:158000], Pathogenic 52,302,256(+) CCCTC(A/C/G)ACAGC reference, missense

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for KRT86 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv1502n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv1503n100 CNV gain 25217958
dgv200n27 CNV gain 19166990
dgv2630n54 CNV gain 21841781
dgv29e180 CNV gain 20482838
dgv487e212 CNV gain 25503493
dgv70e55 CNV gain 17911159
dgv9e209 CNV duplication 24192839
esv27319 CNV gain+loss 19812545
esv2759899 CNV gain 17122850
esv2760832 CNV gain 21179565
esv29967 CNV gain 17803354
esv3892201 CNV loss 25118596
nsv516938 CNV gain+loss 19592680
nsv558900 CNV loss 21841781
nsv558904 CNV gain 21841781
nsv7230 OTHER inversion 18451855
nsv818917 CNV gain 17921354
nsv826378 CNV loss 20364138
nsv976616 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for KRT86 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 68.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 3.88; 59.05% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for KRT86 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRT86 Gene

Disorders for KRT86 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for KRT86 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • nodose hair
hair disease
  • hair disorder
white sponge nevus 1
  • waisman syndrome
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search KRT86 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Monilethrix (MNLIX) [MIM:158000]: A disorder clinically characterized by alopecia and follicular papules. Affected hairs have uniform elliptical nodes of normal thickness and intermittent constrictions, internodes at which the hair easily breaks. Usually only the scalp is involved, but in severe forms, the secondary sexual hair, eyebrows, eyelashes, and nails may also be affected. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:10469314, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10504448, ECO:0000269 PubMed:10594761, ECO:0000269 PubMed:25557232, ECO:0000269 PubMed:9402962}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for KRT86

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with KRT86: view

No data available for Genatlas for KRT86 Gene

Publications for KRT86 Gene

  1. Monilethrix: a novel mutation (Glu402Lys) in the helix termination motif and the first causative mutation (Asn114Asp) in the helix initiation motif of the type II hair keratin hHb6. (PMID: 10469314) Winter H. … Schweizer J. (J. Invest. Dermatol. 1999) 3 4 22 64
  2. Identification of novel mutations in basic hair keratins hHb1 and hHb6 in monilethrix: implications for protein structure and clinical phenotype. (PMID: 10504448) Korge B.P. … Munro C.S. (J. Invest. Dermatol. 1999) 3 4 22 64
  3. Two different mutations in the same codon of a type II hair keratin (hHb6) in patients with monilethrix. (PMID: 10594761) Pearce E.G. … Bowden P.E. (J. Invest. Dermatol. 1999) 3 4 22 64
  4. Characterization and chromosomal localization of human hair-specific keratin genes and comparative expression during the hair growth cycle. (PMID: 9457912) Bowden P.E. … Hodgins M.B. (J. Invest. Dermatol. 1998) 3 4 22 64
  5. Sequences and differential expression of three novel human type-II hair keratins. (PMID: 9084137) Rogers M.A. … Schweizer J. (Differentiation 1997) 3 4 22 64

Products for KRT86 Gene

Sources for KRT86 Gene

Loading form....