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Aliases for KRT71 Gene

Aliases for KRT71 Gene

  • Keratin 71 2 3 5
  • Type II Inner Root Sheath-Specific Keratin-K6irs1 3 4
  • Type-II Keratin Kb34 3 4
  • Keratin 71, Type II 2 3
  • Cytokeratin-71 3 4
  • Keratin 6 Irs 3 4
  • KRT6IRS1 3 4
  • HK6irs1 3 4
  • K6IRS1 3 4
  • HK6irs 3 4
  • CK-71 3 4
  • K71 3 4
  • Keratin, Type II Cytoskeletal 71 3
  • Keratin-71 4
  • KRT6IRS 3
  • HYPT13 3
  • KB34 4

External Ids for KRT71 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KRT71 Gene

  • GC12M051224
  • GC12M052939
  • GC12M049982

Summaries for KRT71 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for KRT71 Gene

  • Keratins are intermediate filament proteins responsible for the structural integrity of epithelial cells and are subdivided into epithelial keratins and hair keratins. This gene encodes a protein that is expressed in the inner root sheath of hair follicles. The type II keratins are clustered in a region of chromosome 12q13.[provided by RefSeq, Jun 2009]

GeneCards Summary for KRT71 Gene

KRT71 (Keratin 71) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with KRT71 include Hypotrichosis 13 and Woolly Hair Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Keratinization and Developmental Biology. GO annotations related to this gene include structural molecule activity. An important paralog of this gene is KRT73.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRT71 Gene

  • Plays a central role in hair formation. Essential component of keratin intermediate filaments in the inner root sheath (IRS) of the hair follicle.

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for KRT71 Gene

Genomics for KRT71 Gene

Regulatory Elements for KRT71 Gene

Enhancers for KRT71 Gene
GeneHancer Identifier Enhancer Score Enhancer Sources Gene-Enhancer Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor Binding Sites within enhancer Gene Targets for Enhancer
GH12G052491 1.8 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.4 +58.6 58591 6.4 RB1 KLF17 SIN3A ZNF48 RAD21 ZNF335 ZNF121 SCRT2 ZNF143 ZNF391 KRT6C KRT5 KRT6A KRT71 KRT82 KRT84 KRT87P KRT86 KRT2 KRT78
GH12G052941 2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.2 -394.5 -394464 11.7 MLX CREB3L1 ZFP64 YBX1 DMAP1 FEZF1 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF263 SPRYD3 MAP3K12 KRT18 KRT8 KRT71 EIF4B LOC283335 GC12M052900
GH12G052515 1.6 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 11.2 +32.1 32103 11.4 PKNOX1 ZNF133 ARID4B ZNF48 ZNF121 GLIS2 GATA2 FOS DEK ZNF263 KRT5 KRT6A KRT6C KRT71 KRT74 KRT84 KRT2 KRT4 KRT82 KRT83
GH12G052974 1.6 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.9 -423.0 -422972 3.5 HDGF FOXA2 PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A YBX1 ZNF2 ZBTB7B YY1 SLC30A9 EIF4B KRT18 KRT82 KRT71 KRT84 SOAT2 IGFBP6 KRT8 TNS2
GH12G052980 1.6 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 9.9 -427.7 -427651 1.2 HDGF ARNT ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF143 ZNF207 SP1 ENSG00000270175 KRT18 LOC100652999 MAP3K12 AAAS ZNF740 ENSG00000257808 KRT71 KRT84
- Elite enhancer and/or Elite enhancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

Enhancers around KRT71 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for KRT71 Gene

Chromosome:
12
Start:
52,543,909 bp from pter
End:
52,553,147 bp from pter
Size:
9,239 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for KRT71 Gene

Genes around KRT71 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
KRT71 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for KRT71 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for KRT71 Gene

Proteins for KRT71 Gene

  • Protein details for KRT71 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q3SY84-K2C71_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Keratin, type II cytoskeletal 71
    Protein Accession:
    Q3SY84
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B3KVC1
    • Q3SY85
    • Q96DU2

    Protein attributes for KRT71 Gene

    Size:
    523 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    57292 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterodimer of a type I and a type II keratin. Associates with KRT16 and/or KRT17 (By similarity).
    Miscellaneous:
    • There are two types of cytoskeletal and microfibrillar keratin, I (acidic) and II (neutral to basic) (40-55 and 56-70 kDa, respectively).

neXtProt entry for KRT71 Gene

Post-translational modifications for KRT71 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for KRT71 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for KRT71 Gene

Domains & Families for KRT71 Gene

Gene Families for KRT71 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for KRT71 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q3SY84

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

K2C71_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the intermediate filament family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the intermediate filament family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with KRT71: view

Function for KRT71 Gene

Molecular function for KRT71 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Plays a central role in hair formation. Essential component of keratin intermediate filaments in the inner root sheath (IRS) of the hair follicle.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for KRT71 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005198 structural molecule activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRT71: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with KRT71: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for KRT71 Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

miRNA for KRT71 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target KRT71

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for KRT71 Gene

Localization for KRT71 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRT71 Gene

Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for KRT71 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 5
mitochondrion 3
peroxisome 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for KRT71 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0005882 intermediate filament IEA --
GO:0045095 keratin filament IDA 22592156
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRT71: view

Pathways & Interactions for KRT71 Gene

SuperPathways for KRT71 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Developmental Biology
2 Keratinization
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with KRT71: view

Pathways by source for KRT71 Gene

2 Reactome pathways for KRT71 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for KRT71 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0031069 hair follicle morphogenesis IMP 22592156
GO:0031424 keratinization TAS --
GO:0045109 intermediate filament organization IMP 22592156
GO:0070268 cornification TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRT71: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for KRT71 Gene

Transcripts for KRT71 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for KRT71 Gene

(2) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(6) Additional mRNA sequences :
(5) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for KRT71 Gene

Keratin 71:
Representative Sequences:

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for KRT71 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for KRT71 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
KRT71
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
KRT71

Expression for KRT71 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for KRT71 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for KRT71 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (x41.6) and Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (x8.8).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for KRT71 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Hair follicle (45.5) and Saliva (7.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for KRT71 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for KRT71 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of KRT71 Gene:

KRT71

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for KRT71 Gene:

Hs.660007

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for KRT71 Gene:

Q3SY84-K2C71_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in hair follicles from scalp. Specifically expressed in the inner root sheath (IRS) of the hair follicle. Present in the all 3 IRS layers: the cuticle, the Henle and the Huxley layers. Also detected in the pseudopods of specialized Huxley cells, termed Fluegelzellen, along the area of differentiated Henle cells (at protein level).

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for KRT71 Gene

  • Skin(4.3)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for KRT71 Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
Systems:
  • integumentary
Organs:
Head and neck:
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • forehead
  • head
General:
  • hair
  • skin
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with KRT71: view

Primer Products

Orthologs for KRT71 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for KRT71 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia KRT71 34 35
  • 98.66 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia KRT71 34 35
  • 91.91 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia KRT71 34
  • 90.38 (n)
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Krt71 34
  • 88.19 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Krt71 34 16 35
  • 88.06 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 35
  • 76 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 35
  • 75 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 35
  • 71 (a)
ManyToMany
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LOC768881 34
  • 66.59 (n)
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 35
  • 47 (a)
ManyToMany
Species where no ortholog for KRT71 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for KRT71 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for KRT71 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for KRT71 (if available)

Paralogs for KRT71 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with KRT71: view

Variants for KRT71 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for KRT71 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs587777545 Pathogenic, Hypotrichosis 13 (HYPT13) [MIM:615896] 52,552,656(+) AGGCG(A/C)ACTTG reference, missense
rs1000114873 -- 52,547,781(+) GCCCA(C/T)GTTCT intron-variant
rs1000124215 -- 52,549,492(+) TAAGT(A/G)GGGGA intron-variant
rs1000333428 -- 52,553,077(+) GCTCA(A/T)GTTGC upstream-variant-2KB, reference, missense
rs1000520681 -- 52,552,198(+) GCCCA(A/G)TCAGA intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for KRT71 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv1038939 CNV loss 25217958
nsv1041903 CNV gain 25217958
nsv558933 CNV loss 21841781
nsv709 CNV insertion 18451855
nsv832412 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for KRT71 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 91.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 17.75; 98.32% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for KRT71 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
KRT71
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
KRT71

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRT71 Gene

Disorders for KRT71 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(3) MalaCards diseases for KRT71 Gene - From: OMIM, ClinVar, GeneTests, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
hypotrichosis 13
  • hypotrichosis with woolly hair
woolly hair syndrome
  • familial woolly hair
hypotrichosis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search KRT71 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

K2C71_HUMAN
  • Hypotrichosis 13 (HYPT13) [MIM:615896]: A form of hypotrichosis, a condition characterized by the presence of less than the normal amount of hair and abnormal hair follicles and shafts, which are thin and atrophic. The extent of scalp and body hair involvement can be very variable, within as well as between families. HYPT13 is characterized by sparse woolly hair. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22592156}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Relevant External Links for KRT71

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
KRT71
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
KRT71
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with KRT71: view

No data available for Genatlas for KRT71 Gene

Publications for KRT71 Gene

  1. K6irs1, K6irs2, K6irs3, and K6irs4 represent the inner-root-sheath- specific type II epithelial keratins of the human hair follicle. (PMID: 12648212) Langbein L. … Schweizer J. (J. Invest. Dermatol. 2003) 2 3 4 22 64
  2. A novel epithelial keratin, hK6irs1, is expressed differentially in all layers of the inner root sheath, including specialized huxley cells (Flugelzellen) of the human hair follicle. (PMID: 11982755) Langbein L. … Schweizer J. (J. Invest. Dermatol. 2002) 2 3 4 64
  3. A missense mutation within the helix initiation motif of the keratin K71 gene underlies autosomal dominant woolly hair/hypotrichosis. (PMID: 22592156) Fujimoto A. … Shimomura Y. (J. Invest. Dermatol. 2012) 3 4 64
  4. New consensus nomenclature for mammalian keratins. (PMID: 16831889) Schweizer J. … Wright M.W. (J. Cell Biol. 2006) 2 3 64
  5. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4 64

Products for KRT71 Gene

Sources for KRT71 Gene

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