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Aliases for KRT38 Gene

Aliases for KRT38 Gene

  • Keratin 38, Type I 2 3
  • KRTHA8 3 4 6
  • Keratin, Hair, Acidic, 8 2 3
  • Hair Keratin, Type I Ha8 3 4
  • Keratin-38 3 4
  • HHa8 3 4
  • HA8 3 6
  • K38 3 4
  • Keratin, Type I Cuticular Ha8 3
  • Keratin 38 2
  • HKA8 4

External Ids for KRT38 Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for KRT38 Gene

  • KRTHA8

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KRT38 Gene

  • GC17M036847
  • GC17M039592
  • GC17M035356

Summaries for KRT38 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for KRT38 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the keratin gene family. As a type I hair keratin, it is an acidic protein which heterodimerizes with type II keratins to form hair and nails. The type I hair keratins are clustered in a region of chromosome 17q12-q21 and have the same direction of transcription. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for KRT38 Gene

KRT38 (Keratin 38, Type I) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with KRT38 include nodular basal cell carcinoma and ectropion. GO annotations related to this gene include structural molecule activity. An important paralog of this gene is KRT34.

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for KRT38 Gene

Genomics for KRT38 Gene

Regulatory Elements for KRT38 Gene

Genomic Location for KRT38 Gene

41,436,369 bp from pter
41,441,344 bp from pter
4,976 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for KRT38 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for KRT38 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for KRT38 Gene

Proteins for KRT38 Gene

  • Protein details for KRT38 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Keratin, type I cuticular Ha8
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A2RRM5
    • Q6A164

    Protein attributes for KRT38 Gene

    456 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    50480 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • There are two types of hair/microfibrillar keratin, I (acidic) and II (neutral to basic)

neXtProt entry for KRT38 Gene

Proteomics data for KRT38 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for KRT38 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for KRT38 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for KRT38 Gene

Domains for KRT38 Gene

Gene Families for KRT38 Gene

Protein Domains for KRT38 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for KRT38 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the intermediate filament family.
  • Belongs to the intermediate filament family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with KRT38: view

Function for KRT38 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for KRT38 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005198 structural molecule activity IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRT38: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA for KRT38 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target KRT38

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for KRT38

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for KRT38 Gene

Localization for KRT38 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for KRT38 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for KRT38 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 3
cytosol 3
golgi apparatus 2
endoplasmic reticulum 1
mitochondrion 1
nucleus 1
peroxisome 1
plasma membrane 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for KRT38 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005882 intermediate filament IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA 23533145
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRT38: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRT38 Gene

Pathways for KRT38 Gene

SuperPathways for KRT38 Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for KRT38 Gene


No data available for Pathways by source for KRT38 Gene

Transcripts for KRT38 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for KRT38 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(2) Additional mRNA sequences :
(2) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for KRT38 Gene

Keratin 38:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for KRT38

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for KRT38 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for KRT38 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for KRT38 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for KRT38 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for KRT38 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (47.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues for KRT38 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Stomach (19.9), Breast (15.9), Esophagus (10.2), Hair follicle (9.5), and Skin (8.2).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for KRT38 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for KRT38 Gene Hs.248188

genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with KRT38: view

Primer Products

  • QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human,mouse,rat
  • Pre-validated RT² qPCR Primer Assay in human,mouse,rat
  • QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human,mouse,rat

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Expression partners for KRT38 Gene

Orthologs for KRT38 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for KRT38 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia KRT38 35
  • 83.6 (n)
  • 76.08 (a)
-- 36
  • 74 (a)
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia KRT38 35
  • 99.34 (n)
  • 98.9 (a)
KRT38 36
  • 99 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 75 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 73 (a)
-- 36
  • 71 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 65 (a)
-- 36
  • 70 (a)
-- 36
  • 69 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 36
  • 40 (a)
-- 36
  • 45 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii BX469912.1 36
  • 19 (a)
cyt1 36
  • 37 (a)
cyt1l 36
  • 37 (a)
krt1-19d 36
  • 33 (a)
krt15 36
  • 34 (a)
krt17 36
  • 36 (a)
si:dkeyp-113d7.4 36
  • 31 (a)
wu:fb17f05 36
  • 39 (a)
zgc:109868 36
  • 36 (a)
zgc:136902 36
  • 34 (a)
zgc:153629 36
  • 35 (a)
zgc:92035 36
  • 34 (a)
zgc:92061 36
  • 38 (a)
zgc:92533 36
  • 19 (a)
Species with no ortholog for KRT38:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • mouse (Mus musculus)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for KRT38 Gene

Gene Tree for KRT38 (if available)
Gene Tree for KRT38 (if available)

Paralogs for KRT38 Gene Pseudogenes for KRT38 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with KRT38: view

Variants for KRT38 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for KRT38 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 17 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs877459 -- 41,437,168(-) CTGGA(C/T)TGGAG utr-variant-3-prime
rs897415 -- 41,437,620(-) GGGAC(C/T)CCTTC intron-variant
rs897416 - 41,437,516(-) CCACG(C/T)CTCCC missense, reference
rs1350046 -- 41,440,359(-) TGTAA(A/G)GCTCA intron-variant
rs1455529 -- 41,435,876(-) CCACC(C/T)GTGAC downstream-variant-500B

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for KRT38 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv961e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv483014 CNV Loss 15286789
esv2715932 CNV Deletion 23290073
dgv962e1 CNV Complex 17122850

Relevant External Links for KRT38 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRT38 Gene

Disorders for KRT38 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

MalaCards: The human disease database.

Search for KRT38 Gene in MalaCards »

(3) Diseases for KRT38 Gene

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for KRT38 Gene

Relevant External Links for KRT38

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with KRT38: view

No data available for OMIM , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Novoseek inferred disease relationships and Genatlas for KRT38 Gene

Publications for KRT38 Gene

  1. Characterization of a 190-kilobase pair domain of human type I hair keratin genes. (PMID: 9756910) Rogers M.A. … Schweizer J. (J. Biol. Chem. 1998) 2 3 4
  2. Keratin 8 Y54H and G62C mutations are not associated with inflammatory bowel disease. (PMID: 15248378) BA1ning C. … Witt H. (Dig Liver Dis 2004) 3 48
  3. The human type I keratin gene family: characterization of new hair follicle specific members and evaluation of the chromosome 17q21.2 gene domain. (PMID: 15617563) Rogers M.A. … Schweizer J. (Differentiation 2004) 3 4
  4. New consensus nomenclature for mammalian keratins. (PMID: 16831889) Schweizer J. … Wright M.W. (J. Cell Biol. 2006) 2 3
  5. Charting the molecular network of the drug target Bcr-Abl. (PMID: 19380743) Brehme M. … Superti-Furga G. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2009) 3

Products for KRT38 Gene

Sources for KRT38 Gene

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