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KRT32 Gene

protein-coding   GIFtS: 50
GCID: GC17M039615

Keratin 32

(Previous names: keratin, hair, acidic, 2)
(Previous symbol: KRTHA2)
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(According to 1HGNC, 2Entrez Gene,
3UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 4UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 5OMIM, 6GeneLoc, 7Ensembl, 8DME, 9miRBase, 10fRNAdb, 12H-InvDB, 13NCBI, 14NONCODE, and/or 15RNAdb)
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Aliases
Keratin 321 2     hHa22
KRTHA21 2 3 5     Hard Keratin, Type I, 22
Keratin, Hair, Acidic, 21 2     Keratin, Type I Cuticular Ha22
Hair Keratin, Type I Ha22 3     keratin-322
HKA22 3     Type I Cuticular Hair Keratin2
K322 3     HHA23
HA22 5     Keratin-323
Hard Keratin Type I1     

External Ids:    HGNC: 64491   Entrez Gene: 38822   Ensembl: ENSG000001087597   OMIM: 6027605   UniProtKB: Q145323   

Export aliases for KRT32 gene to outside databases

Previous GC identifers: GC17M036870 GC17M035379


(According to Entrez Gene, GeneCards, Tocris Bioscience, Wikipedia's Gene Wiki, PharmGKB,
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, and/or UniProtKB/TrEMBL)
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Entrez Gene summary for KRT32 Gene:
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the keratin gene family. As a type I hair keratin, it is an acidic
protein which heterodimerizes with type II keratins to form hair and nails. The type I hair keratins are
clustered in a region of chromosome 17q12-q21 and have the same direction of transcription. (provided by RefSeq,
Jul 2008)

GeneCards Summary for KRT32 Gene:
KRT32 (keratin 32) is a protein-coding gene. GO annotations related to this gene include structural molecule activity. An important paralog of this gene is KRT34.

Gene Wiki entry for KRT32 Gene


(According to GeneLoc and/or HGNC, and/or
Entrez Gene (NCBI build 37),
and/or miRBase,
Genomic Views according to UCSC (hg19) and Ensembl (release 75), Regulatory elements and Epigenetics data according to QIAGEN, and/or SwitchGear Genomics)
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RefSeq DNA sequence at NCBI GenBank:
NC_000017.10  NC_018928.2  NT_010783.16  
Regulatory elements:
   Regulatory transcription factor binding sites in the KRT32 gene promoter:
         CHOP-10   ARP-1   Nkx2-5   CUTL1   Tal-1beta   E47   C/EBPalpha   
         Other transcription factors

SwitchGear Promoter luciferase reporter plasmidKRT32 promoter sequence
   Search Chromatin IP Primers for KRT32

Epigenetics:
DNA Methylation CpG Assay Predesigned for Pyrosequencing in human, mouse, rat KRT32


Genomic Location:
Genomic View: UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Entrez Gene cytogenetic band: 17q21.2   Ensembl cytogenetic band:  17q21.2   HGNC cytogenetic band: 17q21.2

KRT32 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
KRT32 gene location

GeneLoc information about chromosome 17         GeneLoc Exon Structure

GeneLoc location for GC17M039615:  view genomic region     (about GC identifiers)

Start:
39,615,765 bp from pter      End:
39,623,681 bp from pter
Size:
7,917 bases      Orientation:
minus strand

(According to 1UniProtKB, HORDE, 2neXtProt, Ensembl, and/or Reactome, Modification sites according to PhosphoSitePlus, Specific Peptides from DME, RefSeq according to NCBI, PDB rendering according to OCA and/or Proteopedia, Recombinant Proteins from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, GenScript, Enzo Life Sciences, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., eBioscience, and/or antibodies-online,
Biochemical Assays by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Enzo Life Sciences, Cloud-Clone Corp., eBioscience, and/or antibodies-online, Antibodies by EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, OriGene, Novus Biologicals, Thermo Fisher Scientific, Abcam, Cloud-Clone Corp, antibodies-online, and/or others.)
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UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: K1H2_HUMAN, Q14532 (See protein sequence)
Recommended Name: Keratin, type I cuticular Ha2  
Size: 448 amino acids; 50343 Da
Miscellaneous: There are two types of hair/microfibrillar keratin, I (acidic) and II (neutral to basic)
Sequence caution: Sequence=CAA57179.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally extended;

Explore the universe of human proteins at neXtProt for KRT32: NX_Q14532

Explore proteomics data for KRT32 at MOPED

Post-translational modifications: 

  • Modification sites at neXtProt
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

  • See KRT32 Protein Expression from SPIRE MOPED, PaxDB, and MaxQB

    REFSEQ proteins: NP_002269.3  
    ENSEMBL proteins: 
     ENSP00000225899  

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    (According to HGNC, IUPHAR, InterPro, ProtoNet, UniProtKB, and/or BLOCKS, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks)
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    HGNC Gene Families:
    IFF1: Intermediate filaments type I, keratins (acidic)

    4 InterPro protein domains:
     IPR018039 Intermediate_filament_CS
     IPR009030 Growth_fac_rcpt_N_dom
     IPR001664 IF
     IPR002957 Keratin_I

    Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry Q14532

    ProtoNet protein and cluster: Q14532

    2 Blocks protein domains:
    IPB001664 Intermediate filament protein
    IPB002957 Type I keratin signature


    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: K1H2_HUMAN, Q14532
    Similarity: Belongs to the intermediate filament family


    Find genes that share domains with KRT32           About GenesLikeMe


    (According to 1UniProtKB, Genatlas, LifeMap Discovery™, IUBMB, and/or 2DME, Human phenotypes from GenomeRNAi, Animal models from MGI Mar 06 2013, genOway,
    transcription factor targeting from QIAGEN and/or HOMER, miRNA Gene Targets from miRTarBase, shRNA from OriGene, siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics, Gene Editing from DNA2.0, Clones from OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs and/or Addgene, Cell Lines from GenScript, ESI BIO, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Flow cytometry from eBioscience, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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         Gene Ontology (GO): 1 molecular function term:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005198structural molecule activity IEA--
         
    Find genes that share ontologies with KRT32           About GenesLikeMe


    Phenotypes:
         1 GenomeRNAi human phenotype for KRT32:
     Synthetic lethal with Ras 

    Animal Models:
       genOway: Develop your customized and physiologically relevant rodent model for KRT32

    miRNA
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    miRTarBase miRNAs that target KRT32:
    hsa-mir-335-5p (MIRT019160), hsa-mir-26b-5p (MIRT030276)

    Block miRNA regulation of human, mouse, rat KRT32 using miScript Target Protectors
    5 qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate KRT32:
    hsa-miR-3128 hsa-miR-890 hsa-miR-502-5p hsa-miR-130b* hsa-miR-556-3p
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidKRT32 3' UTR sequence
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    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for KRT32


    (According to UniProtKB, COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization database, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene.)
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    Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS: 

    CompartmentConfidence
    cytoskeleton3
    cytosol3
    mitochondrion2
    extracellular1
    nucleus1
    peroxisome1

    Gene Ontology (GO): 1 cellular component term:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0005882intermediate filament IEA--

    Find genes that share ontologies with KRT32           About GenesLikeMe


    (SuperPaths according to PathCards, Pathways according to R&D Systems, Cell Signaling Technology, KEGG, PharmGKB, BioSystems, Sino Biological, Reactome, Tocris Bioscience, GeneGo (Thomson Reuters), QIAGEN, and/or UniProtKB, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, Interaction Networks according to QIAGEN, and/or STRING, Interactions according to 1UniProtKB, 2MINT, 3I2D, and/or 4STRING, with links to IntAct and Ensembl, Ontologies according to Gene Ontology Consortium 01 Apr 2014 via Entrez Gene).
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        Custom Pathway & Disease-focused RT2 Profiler PCR Arrays for KRT32
    Interactions:

        Search GeneGlobe Interaction Network for KRT32

    STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 3 interactants - click image to see more details)

    3 Interacting proteins for KRT32 (Q145323 ENSP000002258994) via UniProtKB, MINT, STRING, and/or I2D
    InteractantInteraction Details
    GeneCardExternal ID(s)
    CDK12Q9NYV43, ENSP000003988804I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000398880
    PPP2R2BQ000053, ENSP000003365914I2D: score=1 STRING: ENSP00000336591
    CDC20Q128343, ENSP000003084504I2D: score=2 STRING: ENSP00000308450
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    Gene Ontology (GO): 1 biological process term:    About this table

    GO IDQualified GO termEvidencePubMed IDs
    GO:0008544epidermis development TAS7556444

    Find genes that share ontologies with KRT32           About GenesLikeMe



    (Chemical Compounds according to UniProtKB, Enzo Life Sciences, EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, ApexBio, HMDB, BitterDB, and/or Novoseek, Ligands according to IUPHAR, and Drugs according to DrugBank, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or PharmGKB)
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    Browse Small Molecules at EMD Millipore
       Browse drugs & compounds from Enzo Life Sciences
      Browse compounds at ApexBio 

    Browse Tocris compounds for KRT32 (K1H2)



    (Secondary structures according to fRNAdb,
    GenBank/EMBL/DDBJ Accessions according to
    Unigene (Build 236 Homo sapiens; Apr 25 2013) or GenBank,
    RefSeq according to Entrez Gene,
    DOTS (version 10), and/or AceView, transcript ids from Ensembl with links to UCSC,
    exon structure from GeneLoc, alternative splicing isoforms according to ASD and/or ECgene,
    siRNAs from OriGene, QIAGEN, shRNA from OriGene, microRNA from QIAGEN, SwitchGear Genomics,
    Tagged/untagged cDNA clones from OriGene, GenScript, DNA2.0, Vector BioLabs, and/or Addgene, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, Flow cytometry from eBioscience )
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    REFSEQ mRNAs for KRT32 gene: 
    NM_002278.3  

    Unigene Cluster for KRT32:

    Keratin 32
    Hs.41752  [show with all ESTs]
    Unigene Representative Sequence: NM_002278
    1 Ensembl transcript including schematic representation, and UCSC links where relevant:
    ENST00000225899(uc002hwr.3)
    miRNA
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    5 qRT-PCR Assays for microRNAs that regulate KRT32:
    hsa-miR-3128 hsa-miR-890 hsa-miR-502-5p hsa-miR-130b* hsa-miR-556-3p
    SwitchGear 3'UTR luciferase reporter plasmidKRT32 3' UTR sequence
    Inhib. RNA
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    Pre-validated RT2 qPCR Primer Assay in human, mouse, rat KRT32
      QuantiTect SYBR Green Assays in human, mouse, rat KRT32
      QuantiFast Probe-based Assays in human, mouse, rat KRT32

    Additional mRNA sequence: X81419.1 

    5 DOTS entries:

    DT.203153  DT.95369736  DT.91731610  DT.95306117  DT.95136908 

    18 AceView cDNA sequences:

    AI190798 NM_002278 AI080157 X81419 BF873748 BF873743 BQ330724 BF760120 
    BF873746 BF874183 BF874170 BF874171 AI081886 BG953695 BF873751 BF871251 
    BQ330723 BF755888 

    GeneLoc Exon Structure


    (RNA expression data according to H-InvDB, NONCODE, miRBase, and RNAdb, Expression images according to data from BioGPS, Illumina Human BodyMap, and CGAP SAGE, Sets of similar genes according to GeneDecks, in vivo and in vitro expression data from LifeMap Discovery™, Protein expression images according to data from SPIRE 1MOPED, 2PaxDb, and 3MaxQB, plus additional links to SOURCE, and/or BioGPS, and/or UniProtKB,
    PCR Arrays from QIAGEN, Primers from OriGene, and/or QIAGEN, In Situ Hybridization Assays from Advanced Cell Diagnostics)
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    KRT32 expression in normal human tissues (normalized intensities)
    See probesets specificity/sensitivity at GeneAnnot
    About this imageBioGPS <intensity>2/3
    CGAP TAG: --
    KRT32 Expression
    About this image


    KRT32 expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells    About this table
    Data from LifeMap, the Embryonic Development and Stem Cells Database
     selected tissues (see all 3) fully expand
     
     Epithelial Cells
             Fetal Medulla Cells Hair Shaft
     
     Hair (Integumentary System)    fully expand to see all 4 entries
             Fetal Medulla Cells Hair Shaft
     
     Colon (Gastrointestinal Tract)
    KRT32 Protein expression data from MOPED1, PaxDb2 and MaxQB3    About this image

    KRT32 Protein Expression

    SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster: Hs.41752

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot: K1H2_HUMAN, Q14532
    Tissue specificity: Restricted to the hair cuticle

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    In Situ
    Assay Products:
     

     
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics RNAscope RNA in situ hybridization assays for KRT32

    (Orthologs according to 1,2HomoloGene (2older version, for species not in 1newer version), 3euGenes, 4SGD , 5MGI Mar 06 2013, with possible further links to Flybase and/or WormBase, and/or 6Ensembl pan taxonomic compara , Gene Trees according to Ensembl and TreeFam)
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    This gene was present in the common ancestor of human and mouse.

    Orthologs for KRT32 gene from Selected species (see all 6)    About this table
    Organism Taxonomic
    classification
    Gene Description Human
    Similarity
    Orthology
    Type
    Details
    mouse
    (Mus musculus)
    Mammalia Krt321 , 5 keratin 321, 5 82.07(n)1
    80.13(a)1
      11 (63.40 cM)5
    166701  NM_001159374.21  NP_001152846.21 
     1000808485 


    ENSEMBL Gene Tree for KRT32 (if available)
    TreeFam Gene Tree for KRT32 (if available)

    (Paralogs according to 1HomoloGene,
    2Ensembl, and 3SIMAP, Pseudogenes according to 4Pseudogene.org Build 68)
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    Paralogs for KRT32 gene
    KRT342  KRT172  KRT162  KRT312  KRT252  KRT392  KRT402  KRT202  
    KRT372  KRT272  KRT382  KRT362  KRT192  KRT282  KRT142  KRT132  
    KRT262  KRT102  KRT122  KRT352  KRT152  KRT242  KRT92  KRT33B2  
    KRT33A2  
    Selected SIMAP similar genes for KRT32 using alignment to 1 protein entry:     K1H2_HUMAN(see all similar genes):
    KRT31    KRT33B    KRT33A    KRT15    KRT35    KRT19
    KRT34    KRT17    KRT36    KRT14    KRT20    JUP
    KRT10    KRT12    KRT37    KRTHA7    KRT9    KRT13

    Find genes that share paralogs with KRT32           About GenesLikeMe



    (SNPs/Variants according to the 1NCBI SNP Database, 2Ensembl, 3PupaSUITE, 4UniProtKB, and DNA2.0, Linkage Disequilibrium by HapMap, Structural Variations(CNVs/InDels/Inversions) from the Database of Genomic Variants, Mutations from the Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD), the Human Cytochrome P450 Allele Nomenclature Database, and the Locus Specific Mutation Databases (LSDB), Blood group antigen gene mutations by BGMUT, Resequencing Primers, Cancer Mutation PCR Arrays and Assays, and Copy Number PCR Arrays from QIAGEN)
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    Selected SNPs for KRT32 (see all 389)    About this table                                 

    Genomic DataTranscription Related DataAllele Frequencies
    SNP IDValidClinical
    significance
    Chr 17 posSequence#AA
    Chg
    TypeMore#Allele
    freq
    PopTotal
    sample
    More
    ----------
    rs1124760201,2
    C--35388019(+) AAGGC-/A/AAAA
            
    AAAAA
    1 -- us2k11CSA 2
    rs30778401,2
    C--35388020(-) TTTTT-/TTTT  
            
    GCCTT
    1 -- us2k10--------
    rs13174971,2
    C--35388034(-) GGTCTC/TTTTTT 1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- T:0.50WA 2
    rs58204081,2
    C--39624417(-) TTTTT-/TTTT  
            
    TTTTT
    1 -- us2k11Minor allele frequency- TTTT:0.00NA 2
    rs23207031,2
    C--39624423(-) TCTTTC/TTTTTT 1 -- us2k1 trp31Minor allele frequency- T:0.50WA 2
    rs761899281,2
    --39624425(+) AAAAAA/GAGACC 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs38408851,2
    C--39624662(+) CAGAT-/GGGGAA 1 -- us2k10--------
    rs22481391,2
    C,F,A,H--40402812(+) TAACCG/TTTGCC 1 -- ds500117Minor allele frequency- T:0.04NS EA NA WA CSA 677
    rs1823466511,2
    --40402911(+) ATTACA/CAGTGT 1 -- ds50010--------
    rs1503932691,2
    --40402970(+) TGTAGC/TTTGCA 1 -- ds50010--------

    HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report for KRT32 (39615765 - 39623681 bp)

    Structural Variations
         Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) 4 variations for KRT32:    About this table    
    Variant IDTypeSubtypePubMed ID
    nsv483014CNV Loss15286789
    nsv510711CNV Loss20534489
    dgv962e1CNV Complex17122850
    dgv961e1CNV Complex17122850

    Site Specific Mutation Identification with PCR Assays
    Search QIAGEN SeqTarget long-range PCR primers for resequencing KRT32
    DNA2.0 Custom Variant and Variant Library Synthesis for KRT32

    (in which this Gene is Involved, According to MalaCards, OMIM, UniProtKB, the University of Copenhagen DISEASES database, Genatlas, GeneTests, GAD, HuGE Navigator, and/or TGDB.)
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    OMIM gene information: 602760    OMIM disorders: --


    Find genes that share disorders with KRT32           About GenesLikeMe


    Export disorders for KRT32 gene to outside databases

    (in PubMed. Associations of this gene to articles via 1Entrez Gene, 2UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, 3HGNC, 4GAD, 5PharmGKB, 6HMDB, 7DrugBank, 8UniProtKB/TrEMBL, 9 Novoseek, and/or 10fRNAdb)
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    PubMed articles for KRT32 gene, integrated from 10 sources (see all 11):
    (articles sorted by number of sources associating them with KRT32)
        Utopia: connect your pdf to the dynamic
    world of online information

    1. Genomic characterization of the human type I cuticular hair keratin hHa2 and identification of an adjacent novel type I hair keratin gene hHa5. (PubMed id 8823373)1, 2, 3, 9 Rogers M.A.... Schweizer J. (J. Invest. Dermatol. 1996)
    2. Sequence data and chromosomal localization of human type I and type II hair keratin genes. (PubMed id 7556444)1, 2, 3 Rogers M.A.... Schweizer J. (Exp. Cell Res. 1995)
    3. New consensus nomenclature for mammalian keratins. (PubMed id 16831889)1, 3 Schweizer J....Wright M.W. (J. Cell Biol. 2006)
    4. The catalog of human hair keratins. I. Expression of the nine type I members in the hair follicle. (PubMed id 10391933)1, 9 Langbein L....Schweizer J. (J. Biol. Chem. 1999)
    5. Diagnostic exome sequencing in persons with severe intellectual disability. (PubMed id 23033978)2 de Ligt J.... Vissers L.E. (N. Engl. J. Med. 2012)
    6. Charting the molecular network of the drug target Bcr-Abl. (PubMed id 19380743)1 Brehme M....Superti-Furga G. (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 2009)
    7. Large-scale mapping of human protein-protein interactions by mass spectrometry. (PubMed id 17353931)1 Ewing R.M....Figeys D. (Mol. Syst. Biol. 2007)
    8. DNA sequence of human chromosome 17 and analysis of rearrangement in the human lineage. (PubMed id 16625196)2 Zody M.C.... Nusbaum C. (Nature 2006)
    9. Toward a human blood serum proteome: analysis by multidimensional separation coupled with mass spectrometry. (PubMed id 12543931)1 Adkins J.N....Pounds J.G. (amp 2002)
    10. Human hair keratins. (PubMed id 7686952)1 Yu J....Bertolino A.P. (J. Invest. Dermatol. 1993)

    (in PubMed, OMIM, and NCBI Bookshelf)
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     ANDOR
    Aliases
    Free Text  

      Query String
    PubMed
    OMIM
    NCBI Bookshelf
      (Note: In FireFox, select the above section and copy using Ctrl-C)

    (According to Entrez Gene, HGNC, AceView, euGenes, Ensembl, miRBase, ECgene, Kegg, and/or H-InvDB)
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    Entrez Gene: 3882 HGNC: 6449 AceView: KRTHA2 Ensembl:ENSG00000108759 euGenes: HUgn3882
    ECgene: KRT32 H-InvDB: KRT32

    (According to HUGE)
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      --

    (According to PharmGKB, ATLAS, HORDE, IMGT, LEIDEN, UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot, UniProtKB/TrEMBL, and/or others, e.g. Wikipedia and GeneReviews, via UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)
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    NameDescription
    PharmGKB entry for KRT32 Pharmacogenomics, SNPs, Pathways

    (Patent information from GeneIP,
    Licensable technologies from WIS Yeda, Salk, Tufts,
    IP news from LifeMap Sciences, Inc.)
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    Patent Information for KRT32 gene:
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    (Antibodies, recombinant proteins, and assays from EMD Millipore, R&D Systems, OriGene, QIAGEN, GenScript, Cell Signaling Technology, Novus Biologicals, Sino Biological, Enzo Life Sciences, Abcam, ProSpec, Cloud-Clone Corp., Thermo Fisher Scientific, eBioscience, antibodies-online, and/or others, Gene Editing from DNA2.0. Clones from OriGene, GenScript, Sino Biological, DNA2.0, SwitchGear Genomics, Vector BioLabs, Addgene, Cell lines from GenScript, and ESI BIO, Flow cytometery from eBioscience, PCR Arrays from QIAGEN, Drugs and/or compounds from EMD Millipore, Tocris Bioscience, Enzo Life Sciences, and/or ApexBio, In Situ Hybridization Assays from
    Advanced Cell Diagnostics, Animal models from genOway)
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