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Aliases for KLHL3 Gene

Aliases for KLHL3 Gene

  • Kelch-Like Family Member 3 2 3
  • PHA2D 3 6
  • Kelch (Drosophila)-Like 3 2
  • Kelch-Like 3 (Drosophila) 2
  • Kelch-Like Protein 3 3
  • KIAA1129 4

External Ids for KLHL3 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KLHL3 Gene

  • GC05M136828
  • GC05M137626
  • GC05M136984
  • GC05M137029
  • GC05M136981
  • GC05M132139
  • GC05M136953

Summaries for KLHL3 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for KLHL3 Gene

  • This gene is ubiquitously expressed and encodes a full-length protein which has an N-terminal BTB domain followed by a BACK domain and six kelch-like repeats in the C-terminus. These kelch-like repeats promote substrate ubiquitination of bound proteins via interaction of the BTB domain with the CUL3 (cullin 3) component of a cullin-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase (CRL) complex. Muatations in this gene cause pseudohypoaldosteronism type IID (PHA2D); a rare Mendelian syndrome featuring hypertension, hyperkalaemia and metabolic acidosis. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2012]

GeneCards Summary for KLHL3 Gene

KLHL3 (Kelch-Like Family Member 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with KLHL3 include pseudohypoaldosteronism, type iia and pseudohypoaldosteronism, type iid. GO annotations related to this gene include actin binding and structural molecule activity. An important paralog of this gene is KLHL10.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KLHL3 Gene

  • Substrate-specific adapter of a BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex that acts as a regulator of ion transport in the distal nephron. The BCR(KLHL3) complex acts by mediating ubiquitination of WNK4, an inhibitor of potassium channel KCNJ1, leading to WNK4 degradation.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for KLHL3 Gene

Genomics for KLHL3 Gene

Regulatory Elements for KLHL3 Gene

Genomic Location for KLHL3 Gene

137,617,500 bp from pter
137,736,090 bp from pter
118,591 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for KLHL3 Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for KLHL3 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for KLHL3 Gene

Proteins for KLHL3 Gene

  • Protein details for KLHL3 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Kelch-like protein 3
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RBK7
    • Q9UH75
    • Q9UH76
    • Q9ULU0
    • Q9Y6V6

    Protein attributes for KLHL3 Gene

    587 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    64970 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Component of the BCR(KLHL3) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex, at least composed of CUL3 and KLHL3 and RBX1 (Probable). Interacts with SLC12A3. Interacts with WNK1 and WNK4.
    • Sequence=AAB97127.1; Type=Erroneous gene model prediction; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAA86443.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for KLHL3 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for KLHL3 Gene


neXtProt entry for KLHL3 Gene

Proteomics data for KLHL3 Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for KLHL3 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for KLHL3 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for KLHL3 Gene

Domains for KLHL3 Gene

Gene Families for KLHL3 Gene

  • BTBD :BTB/POZ domain containing
  • KLHL :Kelch-like

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for KLHL3 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Q9UH77
  • Contains 1 BACK (BTB/Kelch associated) domain.
  • Contains 1 BTB (POZ) domain.
  • Contains 6 Kelch repeats.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with KLHL3: view

Function for KLHL3 Gene

Molecular function for KLHL3 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function: Substrate-specific adapter of a BCR (BTB-CUL3-RBX1) E3 ubiquitin ligase complex that acts as a regulator of ion transport in the distal nephron. The BCR(KLHL3) complex acts by mediating ubiquitination of WNK4, an inhibitor of potassium channel KCNJ1, leading to WNK4 degradation.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for KLHL3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003779 actin binding IEA --
GO:0005198 structural molecule activity TAS 10843806
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 22406640
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KLHL3: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with KLHL3: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for KLHL3 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target KLHL3

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for KLHL3

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targeting and HOMER Transcription for KLHL3 Gene

Localization for KLHL3 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KLHL3 Gene

Cytoplasm, cytoskeleton. Cytoplasm, cytosol.

Subcellular locations from

Jensen Localization Image for KLHL3 Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for KLHL3 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytoskeleton 5
cytosol 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for KLHL3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005829 cytosol IDA 22406640
GO:0005856 cytoskeleton IEA --
GO:0031463 Cul3-RING ubiquitin ligase complex TAS 22406640
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KLHL3: view

Pathways for KLHL3 Gene

SuperPathways for KLHL3 Gene

No Data Available

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q9UH77-KLHL3_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Protein modification; protein ubiquitination

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for KLHL3 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0016567 protein ubiquitination TAS 22406640
GO:0042787 protein ubiquitination involved in ubiquitin-dependent protein catabolic process IDA 23453970
GO:0050801 ion homeostasis IMP 23453970
GO:0070294 renal sodium ion absorption IMP 22406640
GO:0070936 protein K48-linked ubiquitination IDA 23576762
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KLHL3: view

No data available for Pathways by source for KLHL3 Gene

Transcripts for KLHL3 Gene

Unigene Clusters for KLHL3 Gene

Kelch-like family member 3:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for KLHL3

Primer Products

  • OriGene qSTAR qPCR primer pairs in human,mouse,rat for KLHL3

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for KLHL3 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19a · 19b ^ 20 ^ 21
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: - - - - - - -
SP3: - - - - -
SP4: - - - - -
SP6: - - -

Relevant External Links for KLHL3 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for KLHL3 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for KLHL3 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for KLHL3 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Brain - Cerebellar Hemisphere (6.9) and Brain - Cerebellum (6.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for KLHL3 Gene

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for KLHL3 Gene Hs.655084

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for KLHL3 Gene

Tissue specificity: Widely expressed.
genes like me logo Genes that share expressions with KLHL3: view

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery for KLHL3 Gene

Orthologs for KLHL3 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for KLHL3 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia KLHL3 35
  • 99.6 (n)
  • 99.83 (a)
KLHL3 36
  • 100 (a)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia KLHL3 35
  • 92.81 (n)
  • 98.8 (a)
KLHL3 36
  • 98 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia KLHL3 35
  • 91.99 (n)
  • 98.47 (a)
KLHL3 36
  • 96 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Klhl3 35
  • 87.77 (n)
  • 97.27 (a)
Klhl3 16
Klhl3 36
  • 89 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia KLHL3 36
  • 97 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves KLHL3 35
  • 81.73 (n)
  • 94.66 (a)
KLHL3 36
  • 93 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia KLHL3 36
  • 94 (a)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii klhl3 35
  • 74.04 (n)
  • 81.53 (a)
KLHL3 36
  • 78 (a)
African malaria mosquito
(Anopheles gambiae)
Insecta AgaP_AGAP008362 35
  • 59.02 (n)
  • 60 (a)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta kel 35
  • 61.73 (n)
  • 61.01 (a)
kel 36
  • 50 (a)
CG15097 37
  • 41 (a)
CG3571 37
  • 41 (a)
kel 37
  • 60 (a)
CG1812 37
  • 25 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea kel-1 35
  • 49.14 (n)
  • 45.28 (a)
T27E9.4b 37
  • 37 (a)
kel-1 37
  • 42 (a)
T27E9.4a 37
  • 37 (a)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 60 (a)
Species with no ortholog for KLHL3:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for KLHL3 Gene

Gene Tree for KLHL3 (if available)
Gene Tree for KLHL3 (if available)

Paralogs for KLHL3 Gene Pseudogenes for KLHL3 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with KLHL3: view

Variants for KLHL3 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for KLHL3 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs757157 -- 137,617,318(+) CCTCA(C/T)TGAAG downstream-variant-500B
rs916861 -- 137,670,227(+) TAATA(C/T)AAAAA intron-variant
rs916862 -- 137,673,173(+) TGAGG(C/T)CCTTT intron-variant
rs916863 -- 137,618,442(+) TGTAG(G/T)GTGAG utr-variant-3-prime
rs1003302 -- 137,627,785(+) AAAGC(A/C)AAGAC intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for KLHL3 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv830499 CNV Loss 17160897
esv2673264 CNV Deletion 23128226
nsv830500 CNV Loss 17160897
nsv509089 CNV Insertion 20534489
esv272140 CNV Insertion 20981092
esv989099 CNV Insertion 20482838
esv1505834 CNV Insertion 17803354
nsv5022 CNV Loss 18451855
esv2653233 CNV Deletion 19546169
esv2042994 CNV Deletion 18987734
nsv513264 CNV Loss 21212237
esv2886 CNV Deletion 18987735
esv2730815 CNV Deletion 23290073
esv988201 CNV Deletion 20482838
esv1408200 CNV Deletion 17803354
nsv328717 CNV Loss 16902084
esv7996 CNV Loss 19470904

Relevant External Links for KLHL3 Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KLHL3 Gene

Disorders for KLHL3 Gene

(1) OMIM Diseases for KLHL3 Gene (605775)


  • Pseudohypoaldosteronism 2D (PHA2D) [MIM:614495]: A disorder characterized by severe hypertension, hyperkalemia, hyperchloremia, hyperchloremic metabolic acidosis, and correction of physiologic abnormalities by thiazide diuretics. PHA2D inheritance is autosomal dominant or recessive. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:22266938, ECO:0000269 PubMed:22406640}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

(2) University of Copenhagen DISEASES for KLHL3 Gene

Relevant External Links for KLHL3

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with KLHL3: view

Publications for KLHL3 Gene

  1. Molecular characterization of KLHL3, a human homologue of the Drosophila kelch gene. (PMID: 10843806) Lai F. … Le Beau M.M. (Genomics 2000) 2 3 4
  2. Characterization of cDNA clones selected by the GeneMark analysis from size-fractionated cDNA libraries from human brain. (PMID: 10574461) Hirosawa M. … Ohara O. (DNA Res. 1999) 3 4
  3. Targeting of protein ubiquitination by BTB-Cullin 3-Roc1 ubiquitin ligases. (PMID: 14528312) Furukawa M. … Xiong Y. (Nat. Cell Biol. 2003) 3 4
  4. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T. … Sugano S. (Nat. Genet. 2004) 3 4
  5. The DNA sequence and comparative analysis of human chromosome 5. (PMID: 15372022) Schmutz J. … Rubin E.M. (Nature 2004) 3 4

Products for KLHL3 Gene

Sources for KLHL3 Gene

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