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Aliases for KEL Gene

Aliases for KEL Gene

  • Kell Blood Group, Metallo-Endopeptidase 2 3
  • Kell Blood Group, Metalloendopeptidase 2
  • Kell Blood Group Antigen 3
  • Kell Blood Group 2
  • CD238 Antigen 4
  • EC 3.4.24.- 4
  • CD238 3
  • ECE3 3

External Ids for KEL Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KEL Gene

  • GC07M140964
  • GC07M142032
  • GC07M142109
  • GC07M142155
  • GC07M142348
  • GC07M142638
  • GC07M136976

Summaries for KEL Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for KEL Gene

  • This gene encodes a type II transmembrane glycoprotein that is the highly polymorphic Kell blood group antigen. The Kell glycoprotein links via a single disulfide bond to the XK membrane protein that carries the Kx antigen. The encoded protein contains sequence and structural similarity to members of the neprilysin (M13) family of zinc endopeptidases. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for KEL Gene

KEL (Kell Blood Group, Metallo-Endopeptidase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with KEL include lingual-facial-buccal dyskinesia and fetal erythroblastosis. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Peptide ligand-binding receptors. GO annotations related to this gene include metalloendopeptidase activity and metallopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MME.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KEL Gene

  • Zinc endopeptidase with endothelin-3-converting enzyme activity. Cleaves EDN1, EDN2 and EDN3, with a marked preference for EDN3.

No data available for Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for KEL Gene

Genomics for KEL Gene

Regulatory Elements for KEL Gene

Genomic Location for KEL Gene

Chromosome:
7
Start:
142,941,114 bp from pter
End:
142,962,681 bp from pter
Size:
21,568 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for KEL Gene

UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track
Cytogenetic band:
Genomic Location for KEL Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for KEL Gene

Proteins for KEL Gene

  • Protein details for KEL Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P23276-KELL_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Kell blood group glycoprotein
    Protein Accession:
    P23276
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2RBV4
    • Q96RS8
    • Q99885

    Protein attributes for KEL Gene

    Size:
    732 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    82824 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Zn(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29105; Note=Binds 1 zinc ion per subunit.;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterodimer with XK; disulfide-linked.

neXtProt entry for KEL Gene

Proteomics data for KEL Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for KEL Gene

Other Protein References for KEL Gene

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for KEL Gene

Domains & Families for KEL Gene

Gene Families for KEL Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P23276

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

KELL_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the peptidase M13 family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the peptidase M13 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with KEL: view

Function for KEL Gene

Molecular function for KEL Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Zinc endopeptidase with endothelin-3-converting enzyme activity. Cleaves EDN1, EDN2 and EDN3, with a marked preference for EDN3.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for KEL Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for KEL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004222 metalloendopeptidase activity IDA 15769748
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 7737196
GO:0008237 metallopeptidase activity --
GO:0046872 metal ion binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KEL: view

Phenotypes for KEL Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with KEL: view

Animal Model Products

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for KEL

In Situ Assay Products

Flow Cytometry Products

No data available for Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for KEL Gene

Localization for KEL Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KEL Gene

Cell membrane; Single-pass type II membrane protein. Note=Spans the erythrocyte membrane, and is attached to the underlying cytoskeleton.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for KEL Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for KEL gene
Compartment Confidence
plasma membrane 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for KEL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005886 plasma membrane TAS --
GO:0016020 membrane --
GO:0016021 integral component of membrane TAS 9647734
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KEL: view

Pathways & Interactions for KEL Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with KEL: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for KEL Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006508 proteolysis IEA --
GO:0006874 cellular calcium ion homeostasis IEA --
GO:0008361 regulation of cell size IEA --
GO:0010961 cellular magnesium ion homeostasis IEA --
GO:0031133 regulation of axon diameter IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KEL: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for KEL Gene

Drugs & Compounds for KEL Gene

(1) Drugs for KEL Gene - From: NovoSeek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Chloramphenicol Approved Pharma 6
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with KEL: view

Transcripts for KEL Gene

Unigene Clusters for KEL Gene

Kell blood group, metallo-endopeptidase:
Representative Sequences:

miRNA Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Predesigned siRNA for gene silencing in human,mouse,rat for KEL

Flow Cytometry Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for KEL Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7a · 7b · 7c ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9 ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14a · 14b ^ 15a · 15b ^ 16 ^ 17a · 17b ^ 18a ·
SP1: - -
SP2:
SP3: -
SP4:
SP5: - -
SP6:
SP7: - -
SP8:

ExUns: 18b ^ 19
SP1:
SP2: -
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:

Relevant External Links for KEL Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
KEL
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
KEL

Expression for KEL Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for KEL Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for KEL Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x23.6), Whole Blood (x5.0), and Brain - Spinal cord (cervical c-1) (x4.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for KEL Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver, secretome (41.7) and Placenta (18.6).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MOPED, and MaxQB for KEL Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for KEL Gene Hs.368588

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for KEL Gene

P23276-KELL_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Expressed at high levels in erythrocytes and testis (in Sertoli cells), and, at lower levels, in skeletal muscle, tonsils (in follicular dendritic cells), lymph node, spleen and appendix (at protein level). Also expressed in many adult and fetal nonerythroid tissues, including brain, spleen, lymph nodes and bone marrow.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with KEL: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for KEL Gene

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

Orthologs for KEL Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals.

Orthologs for KEL Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia KEL 35
  • 77.61 (n)
  • 68.02 (a)
KEL 36
  • 67 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC100855519 35
  • 84.13 (n)
  • 78.39 (a)
KEL 36
  • 72 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Kel 35
  • 80.18 (n)
  • 74.19 (a)
Kel 16
Kel 36
  • 74 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia KEL 35
  • 99.23 (n)
  • 98.91 (a)
KEL 36
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Kel 35
  • 77.65 (n)
  • 70.55 (a)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia KEL 36
  • 57 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 36
  • 30 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 36
  • 41 (a)
ManyToMany
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves KEL 35
  • 53.36 (n)
  • 44.18 (a)
KEL 36
  • 42 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia KEL 36
  • 40 (a)
OneToOne
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii KEL 36
  • 24 (a)
OneToOne
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Nep3 36
  • 25 (a)
OneToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea nep-17 36
  • 9 (a)
ManyToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea -- 36
  • 25 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for KEL:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for KEL Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for KEL (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for KEL (if available)

Paralogs for KEL Gene

Paralogs for KEL Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with KEL: view

Variants for KEL Gene

Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KEL Gene

P23276-KELL_HUMAN
KEL is responsible for the Kell blood group system. The molecular basis of the K=KEL1/k=KEL2 blood group antigens is a single variation in position 193; Thr-193 corresponds to KEL2 and Met-193 to KEL1. The molecular basis of the Kpa=KEL3/Kpb=KEL4/Kpc=KEL21 blood group antigens is a single variation in position 281; Arg-281 corresponds to KEL4, Trp-281 to KEL3 and Gln-281 to KEL21. The molecular basis of the Jsa=KEL6/Jsb=KEL7 blood group antigens is a single variation in position 597; Leu-597 corresponds to KEL7 and Pro-597 to KEL6. The molecular basis of the KEL11/KEL17 blood group antigens is a single variation in position 302; Val-302 corresponds to KEL11 and Ala-302 to KEL17. The molecular basis of the KEL14/KEL24 blood group antigens is a single variation in position 180; Arg-180 corresponds to KEL14 and Pro-180 to KEL24

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for KEL Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 07 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type MAF
rs8176034 -- 142,943,829(-) CCCTC(A/C/T)GAGCT synonymous-codon, reference, stop-gained
rs8176038 Pathogenic, Pathogenic, - 142,943,026(-) CTGCC(C/T)CGCCT missense, reference
rs8176039 -- 142,942,917(+) TTCTC(C/T)AAGAA reference, synonymous-codon
rs8176058 Benign, Benign, - 142,957,921(-) CCGAA(C/G/T)GCTGA reference, missense
rs8176059 - 142,954,267(-) CTTCA(C/T)GGCTG reference, missense, utr-variant-5-prime

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for KEL Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv2145e1 CNV Complex 17122850
nsv889274 CNV Loss 21882294
nsv831168 CNV Gain 17160897
nsv526015 CNV Gain 19592680
nsv520735 CNV Loss 19592680

Variation tolerance for KEL Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 88.73% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.96; 74.63% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for KEL Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
KEL
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
KEL
Blood Group Antigen Gene Mutation Database (BGMUT)
Blood Group System

Disorders for KEL Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(4) MalaCards diseases for KEL Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
lingual-facial-buccal dyskinesia
  • oro-facial dyskinesia
fetal erythroblastosis
  • haemolytic disease due to rhesus isoimmunisation
choreoacanthocytosis
  • chorea-acanthocytosis
choreatic disease
  • chorea
- elite association
Search KEL in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Relevant External Links for KEL

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
KEL
Human Genome Epidemiology (HuGE) Navigator
KEL
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
KEL
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with KEL: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for KEL Gene

Publications for KEL Gene

  1. The human Kell blood group gene maps to chromosome 7q33 and its expression is restricted to erythroid cells. (PMID: 7683930) Lee S. … Redman C.M. (Blood 1993) 2 23 67
  2. Two novel null alleles of the KEL gene detected in two Chinese women with the K(null) phenotype. (PMID: 19747286) Yang Y. … Zhu Z. (Transfus Med 2009) 23 67
  3. Transfusion support for a patient with McLeod phenotype without chronic granulomatous disease and with antibodies to Kx and Km. (PMID: 18167163) Bansal I. … Baron B.W. (Vox Sang. 2008) 23 67
  4. [Different KEL gene mRNA transcripts in reticulocyte and non-reticulocyte cells]. (PMID: 18841563) Wang L. … Zhu Z. (Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi 2008) 23 67
  5. A KEL gene encoding serine at position 193 of the Kell glycoprotein results in expression of KEL1 antigen. (PMID: 17076841) Poole J. … Daniels G. (Transfusion 2006) 23 67

Products for KEL Gene

Sources for KEL Gene

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