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Aliases for KDM4A Gene

Aliases for KDM4A Gene

  • Lysine Demethylase 4A 2 3
  • Lysine (K)-Specific Demethylase 4A 2 3 5
  • JmjC Domain-Containing Histone Demethylation Protein 3A 3 4
  • Jumonji C Domain-Containing Histone Demethylase 3A 2 3
  • Jumonji Domain-Containing Protein 2A 3 4
  • Jumonji Domain Containing 2A 2 3
  • Tudor Domain Containing 14A 2 3
  • Jumonji Domain Containing 2 2 3
  • JMJD2A 3 4
  • JHDM3A 3 4
  • JMJD2 3 4
  • EC 1.14.11.- 4
  • EC 1.14.11 63
  • KIAA0677 4
  • TDRD14A 3

External Ids for KDM4A Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for KDM4A Gene

  • JMJD2
  • JMJD2A

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KDM4A Gene

  • GC01P043889
  • GC01P044115
  • GC01P042237

Summaries for KDM4A Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for KDM4A Gene

  • This gene is a member of the Jumonji domain 2 (JMJD2) family and encodes a protein containing a JmjN domain, a JmjC domain, a JD2H domain, two TUDOR domains, and two PHD-type zinc fingers. This nuclear protein functions as a trimethylation-specific demethylase, converting specific trimethylated histone residues to the dimethylated form, and as a transcriptional repressor. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2009]

GeneCards Summary for KDM4A Gene

KDM4A (Lysine Demethylase 4A) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are DNA Double-Strand Break Repair and DNA Double Strand Break Response. GO annotations related to this gene include ubiquitin protein ligase binding and histone demethylase activity (H3-K36 specific). An important paralog of this gene is KDM4D.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KDM4A Gene

  • Histone demethylase that specifically demethylates Lys-9 and Lys-36 residues of histone H3, thereby playing a central role in histone code. Does not demethylate histone H3 Lys-4, H3 Lys-27 nor H4 Lys-20. Demethylates trimethylated H3 Lys-9 and H3 Lys-36 residue, while it has no activity on mono- and dimethylated residues. Demethylation of Lys residue generates formaldehyde and succinate. Participates in transcriptional repression of ASCL2 and E2F-responsive promoters via the recruitment of histone deacetylases and NCOR1, respectively.

  • Isoform 2: Crucial for muscle differentiation, promotes transcriptional activation of the Myog gene by directing the removal of repressive chromatin marks at its promoter. Lacks the N-terminal demethylase domain.

Gene Wiki entry for KDM4A Gene

No data available for Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for KDM4A Gene

Genomics for KDM4A Gene

Regulatory Elements for KDM4A Gene

Promoters for KDM4A Gene
Ensembl Regulatory Elements (ENSRs) TSS Distance (bp) Size (bp) Binding Sites for Transcription Factors within promoters

ENSRs around KDM4A on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Location for KDM4A Gene

Chromosome:
1
Start:
43,650,126 bp from pter
End:
43,705,518 bp from pter
Size:
55,393 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for KDM4A Gene

Genes around KDM4A on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
KDM4A Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for KDM4A Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for KDM4A Gene

Proteins for KDM4A Gene

  • Protein details for KDM4A Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    O75164-KDM4A_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Lysine-specific demethylase 4A
    Protein Accession:
    O75164
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q5VVB1

    Protein attributes for KDM4A Gene

    Size:
    1064 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    120662 Da
    Cofactor:
    Name=Fe(2+); Xref=ChEBI:CHEBI:29033;
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with histone deacetylase proteins HDAC1, HDAC2 and HDAC3. Interacts with RB and NCOR1. Interacts with HTLV-1 Tax protein.
    SequenceCaution:
    • Sequence=BAA31652.2; Type=Erroneous initiation; Note=Translation N-terminally shortened.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for KDM4A Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for KDM4A Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for KDM4A Gene

Proteomics data for KDM4A Gene at MOPED

Post-translational modifications for KDM4A Gene

  • Ubiquitinated by RNF8 and RNF168 following DNA damage, leading to its degradation. Degradation promotes accessibility of H4K20me2 mark for DNA repair protein TP53BP1, which is then recruited.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys 224
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for KDM4A Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • R&D Systems Antibodies for KDM4A (Lysine (K)-specific Demethylase 4A/KDM4A)
  • Cell Signaling Technology (CST) Antibodies for KDM4A (JMJD2A)

Domains & Families for KDM4A Gene

Gene Families for KDM4A Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

O75164

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

KDM4A_HUMAN :
  • The 2 Tudor domains recognize and bind methylated histone H3 Lys-4 residue (H3K4me). Double Tudor domain has an interdigitated structure and the unusual fold is required for its ability to bind methylated histone tails. Trimethylated H3 Lys-4 (H3K4me3) is bound in a cage of 3 aromatic residues, 2 of which are from the Tudor domain 2, while the binding specificity is determined by side-chain interactions involving residues from the Tudor domain 1. The Tudor domains are also able to bind trimethylated histone H3 Lys-9 (H3K9me3), di- and trimethylated H4 Lys-20 (H4K20me2 and H4K20me3). Has high affinity for H4K20me2, blocking recruitment of proteins such as TP53BP1.
  • Belongs to the JHDM3 histone demethylase family.
  • Contains 2 PHD-type zinc fingers.
Domain:
  • The 2 Tudor domains recognize and bind methylated histone H3 Lys-4 residue (H3K4me). Double Tudor domain has an interdigitated structure and the unusual fold is required for its ability to bind methylated histone tails. Trimethylated H3 Lys-4 (H3K4me3) is bound in a cage of 3 aromatic residues, 2 of which are from the Tudor domain 2, while the binding specificity is determined by side-chain interactions involving residues from the Tudor domain 1. The Tudor domains are also able to bind trimethylated histone H3 Lys-9 (H3K9me3), di- and trimethylated H4 Lys-20 (H4K20me2 and H4K20me3). Has high affinity for H4K20me2, blocking recruitment of proteins such as TP53BP1.
  • Contains 1 JmjC domain.
  • Contains 1 JmjN domain.
  • Contains 2 Tudor domains.
Family:
  • Belongs to the JHDM3 histone demethylase family.
Similarity:
  • Contains 2 PHD-type zinc fingers.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with KDM4A: view

Function for KDM4A Gene

Molecular function for KDM4A Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Histone demethylase that specifically demethylates Lys-9 and Lys-36 residues of histone H3, thereby playing a central role in histone code. Does not demethylate histone H3 Lys-4, H3 Lys-27 nor H4 Lys-20. Demethylates trimethylated H3 Lys-9 and H3 Lys-36 residue, while it has no activity on mono- and dimethylated residues. Demethylation of Lys residue generates formaldehyde and succinate. Participates in transcriptional repression of ASCL2 and E2F-responsive promoters via the recruitment of histone deacetylases and NCOR1, respectively.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Isoform 2: Crucial for muscle differentiation, promotes transcriptional activation of the Myog gene by directing the removal of repressive chromatin marks at its promoter. Lacks the N-terminal demethylase domain.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for KDM4A Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with KDM4A: view

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for KDM4A

CRISPR Products

No data available for Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for KDM4A Gene

Localization for KDM4A Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KDM4A Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Jensen Localization Image for KDM4A Gene COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for KDM4A gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 3

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for KDM4A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005654 nucleoplasm TAS --
GO:0005721 pericentric heterochromatin IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KDM4A: view

Pathways & Interactions for KDM4A Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with KDM4A: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for KDM4A Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006325 chromatin organization TAS --
GO:0006351 transcription, DNA-templated IEA --
GO:0010507 negative regulation of autophagy IMP 25660547
GO:0014898 cardiac muscle hypertrophy in response to stress IEA --
GO:0016032 viral process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KDM4A: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for KDM4A Gene

Drugs & Compounds for KDM4A Gene

(6) Drugs for KDM4A Gene - From: ApexBio and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
IOX 1 Pharma Histone demethylase inhibitor; cell permeable 0
JIB-04 Pharma Jumonji histone demethylase inihibitor 0
ML324 Pharma JMJD2 demethylase inhibitor, potent and cell-permeable 0
SP2509 Pharma Demethylase 1 (LSD1) antagonist, novel Lysine-specific 0
Tranylcypromine hydrochloride Pharma Irreversible inhibitor of LSD1; also inhibits MAO 0

(5) ApexBio Compounds for KDM4A Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
IOX 1 5852-78-8
JIB-04 Jumonji histone demethylase inihibitor 199596-05-9
ML324 JMJD2 demethylase inhibitor, potent and cell-permeable 1222800-79-4
SP2509 Demethylase 1 (LSD1) antagonist, novel Lysine-specific 1423715-09-6
Tranylcypromine hydrochloride 1986-47-6
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with KDM4A: view

Transcripts for KDM4A Gene

Unigene Clusters for KDM4A Gene

Lysine (K)-specific demethylase 4A:
Representative Sequences:

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for KDM4A Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2a · 2b · 2c · 2d ^ 3 ^ 4 ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8 ^ 9 ^ 10 ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16a · 16b ^ 17 ^ 18a · 18b ^ 19 ^ 20 ^ 21 ^
SP1: - - - - - -
SP2: -
SP3:
SP4: - -
SP5: -
SP6:
SP7:
SP8:

ExUns: 22a · 22b ^ 23a · 23b · 23c ^ 24a · 24b
SP1: - - -
SP2:
SP3:
SP4:
SP5:
SP6:
SP7: -
SP8: -

Relevant External Links for KDM4A Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
KDM4A
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
KDM4A

Expression for KDM4A Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues for KDM4A Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for KDM4A Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (52.0) and Blymphocyte (10.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MOPED, and MaxQB for KDM4A Gene



SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for KDM4A Gene Hs.155983

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for KDM4A Gene

O75164-KDM4A_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Ubiquitous.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with KDM4A: view

Protein tissue co-expression partners for KDM4A Gene

- Elite partner

Primer Products

In Situ Assay Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and mRNA differential expression in normal tissues for KDM4A Gene

Orthologs for KDM4A Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for KDM4A Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia KDM4A 35
  • 89.81 (n)
  • 95.39 (a)
KDM4A 36
  • 95 (a)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia KDM4A 35
  • 91.94 (n)
  • 96.14 (a)
KDM4A 36
  • 96 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Kdm4a 35
  • 86.89 (n)
  • 93.23 (a)
Kdm4a 16
Kdm4a 36
  • 94 (a)
OneToOne
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia KDM4A 35
  • 96.69 (n)
  • 96.2 (a)
KDM4A 36
  • 100 (a)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Kdm4a 35
  • 86.99 (n)
  • 92.48 (a)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia KDM4A 36
  • 83 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves KDM4A 35
  • 74.13 (n)
  • 79.31 (a)
KDM4A 36
  • 78 (a)
OneToOne
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia KDM4A 36
  • 79 (a)
OneToOne
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia kdm4a 35
  • 69.95 (n)
  • 75.05 (a)
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii si:ch211-215f22.3 35
  • 70.03 (n)
  • 73.05 (a)
KDM4A (1 of 2) 36
  • 32 (a)
OneToMany
kdm4ab 36
  • 59 (a)
OneToMany
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Kdm4A 36
  • 48 (a)
ManyToMany
Kdm4B 36
  • 39 (a)
ManyToMany
worm
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea jmjd-2 35
  • 50.25 (n)
  • 42.42 (a)
jmjd-2 36
  • 32 (a)
OneToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes GIS1 36
  • 17 (a)
ManyToMany
RPH1 36
  • 24 (a)
ManyToMany
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.10508 36
  • 39 (a)
OneToMany
Species with no ortholog for KDM4A:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for KDM4A Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for KDM4A (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for KDM4A (if available)

Paralogs for KDM4A Gene

(5) SIMAP similar genes for KDM4A Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with KDM4A: view

Variants for KDM4A Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for KDM4A Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Sequence Context AA Info Type
rs586339 - 43,671,586(-) CTGCT(A/C/G/T)CTTGT reference, missense, utr-variant-5-prime
rs12759032 - 43,694,854(+) TGTGG(G/T)CTTCA reference, missense
rs479257 -- 43,668,701(-) GACAT(C/T)ACCAA intron-variant, upstream-variant-2KB
rs489319 -- 43,666,123(-) CAGCT(A/G)TAGTA intron-variant
rs481547 -- 43,657,169(+) aggca(C/T)gagcc intron-variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for KDM4A Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
nsv871794 CNV Loss 21882294

Variation tolerance for KDM4A Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 28.4% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.53; 44.13% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Relevant External Links for KDM4A Gene

HapMap Linkage Disequilibrium report
KDM4A

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KDM4A Gene

Disorders for KDM4A Gene

Relevant External Links for KDM4A

Genetic Association Database (GAD)
KDM4A
Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology:
KDM4A

No disorders were found for KDM4A Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for KDM4A Gene

Publications for KDM4A Gene

  1. Prediction of the coding sequences of unidentified human genes. X. The complete sequences of 100 new cDNA clones from brain which can code for large proteins in vitro. (PMID: 9734811) Ishikawa K. … Ohara O. (DNA Res. 1998) 2 3 4 67
  2. Identification and characterization of JMJD2 family genes in silico. (PMID: 15138608) Katoh M. … Katoh M. (Int. J. Oncol. 2004) 2 3 23
  3. Diversity within the JMJD2 histone demethylase family. (PMID: 17207460) Shin S. … Janknecht R. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2007) 3 23
  4. Activation of androgen receptor by histone demethylases JMJD2A and JMJD2D. (PMID: 17555712) Shin S. … Janknecht R. (Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 2007) 3 23
  5. Comparative integromics on JMJD2A, JMJD2B and JMJD2C: preferential expression of JMJD2C in undifferentiated ES cells. (PMID: 17611647) Katoh Y. … Katoh M. (Int. J. Mol. Med. 2007) 3 23

Products for KDM4A Gene

Sources for KDM4A Gene

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